Road Safety Annual Report

International Transport Forum

2312-4571 (online)
2312-4563 (print)
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IRTAD: An International Expert Network and Database on Road Safety Data

The International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group (IRTAD) is a permanent working group of the International Transport Forum at the OECD. It is composed of road safety experts and statisticians from renowned safety research institutes, national road and transport administrations, international organisations, universities, automobile associations, the automobile industry, and others from OECD and non-OECD countries. IRTAD’s Road Safety Annual Report series provides a yearly overview of road safety performance in member and observer countries. It presents a synthesis of the latest trends in member countries as well as detailed reports for each country, outlining the crash data collection process, the road safety strategies and targets in place. It also provides detailed safety data by road user, location and age together with information on recent trends in speeding, drink-driving and other aspects of road user behaviour.

Road Safety Annual Report 2014

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02 Oct 2014
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The IRTAD Annual Report 2014 provides an overview of road safety indicators for 2012 in 38 countries, with preliminary data for 2013, and detailed reports for each country. The report outlines the crash data collection process in IRTAD countries, describes the road safety strategies and existing targets, and provides detailed safety data by road user, location and age together with information on recent trends in speeding, drink-driving and other aspects of road user behaviour.

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  • IRTAD: An International Expert Network and Database on Road Safety Data
  • Key Messages
  • Summary of road safety performance in 2012 and 2013

    In 2012 success in reducing road fatalities in the IRTAD member countries was relatively modest, while mobility (in terms of vehicle-kilometres) hardly changed (increase by 0.6% from 20111). At only minus 1.7%2, IRTAD saw the lowest fatality reduction rate in ten years; the more than 79 000 total fatalities of 2011 were reduced by around 1 300, and ten countries faced an increase in 2012, among them New Zealand (+8.5%), Switzerland (+5.9%) and the United States (+3.3%) (see Table 1).

  • National road safety strategies

    The year 2011 was marked by the launch of the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety. For this occasion, the UN called on Member states, international agencies, civil society, businesses and community leaders to ensure that the Decade leads to real improvement, and recommended governments to develop national action plans for the decade 2011-2020. As a response, several countries released or updated in 2011 their national road safety strategies.

  • Legislation on key safety issues

    Drink driving, speeding, non-wearing of seatbelts and helmets represent common safety challenges in all countries. Experience has shown that regulation, enforcement and education to modify behaviour on these fronts bring large benefits.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Country reports

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    • Argentina

      The National Road Safety Agency of Argentina (ANSV) joined the IRTAD Group in 2010. It benefited in 2010-2012 from a twinning programme with the General Traffic Directorate (DGT) of Spain to review and audit its crash data collection and analysis system. This Programme has been instrumental in guiding ANSV in the improvement of data collection process, conforming to international standards and indicators. In 2013, data from Argentina were validated for inclusion in the IRTAD database.

    • Australia

      In Australia, crash data are collected and validated by the police and transport agencies in each of the eight states and territories.

    • Austria

      In Austria, crash data are collected by the police. The crash data acquisition process has been completely transformed since January 2012, when the transition was made from paper form to integrated data input (incl. GIS support). It is believed that this will significantly reduce underreporting rates – especially for less severe road crashes.

    • Belgium

      Road safety data are electronically collected and centralised by the police force. After some validation procedures, the data are transferred to the National Statistics Office. The National Statistics Office carries out some corrections and adds the fatalities (30 days) to the database. This latter operation is done through linking the death certificate (still in paper form) obtained from the Justice Department. The number of road safety fatalities is therefore very reliable.

    • Cambodia

      Cambodia joined the IRTAD Group in 2010. It benefits from a twinning programme with Handicap International, Road Safety for All and SWOV (The Netherlands’ road safety research centre) to review and audit its road crash and victim information system (RCVIS). RCVIS has been progressively developed since 2004 by the Ministry of Public Works and Transport, the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Health, with the technical support of Handicap International. Most of the data are available from 2004 onward.

    • Canada

      A complete set of data for the year 2012 was not available when this report was prepared; therefore this report is based on 2011 data.

    • Chile

      In police records, a road fatality is defined as a traffic casualty dying from injury within 24 hours of the crash. To conform to international definitions of a death within 30 days, CONASET applies a correction factor of 1.3. Fatality data in this report correspond to the corrected data after application of the correction factor.

    • Colombia

      The Corporación Fondo de Prevención Vial (Road Safety Fund, CFPV) is a private, non-profit organization, established by law and administered by insurers involved in the mandatory traffic accident insurance line, whose main objective is to ensure the reduction of road accidents and their severity and mortality levels, through a thorough understanding and development of prevention, control, educational and awareness-raising campaigns. CFPV joined the IRTAD Group in 2012. Colombia is not represented by a governmental agency in the IRTAD Group.

    • Czech Republic

      The crash data in the Czech Republic are collected by the traffic police in 86 districts and transferred to the Police headquarters. Data are checked both at district and central levels.

    • Denmark

      Data collection for serious injuries is only based on police reports. Traffic crash data are collected by the Police in a common national system. Data are transferred to the Road Directorate every week. These data contain preliminary and final information. Final information about a crash should be sent within six weeks following the incident. This, however, is not always the case. In particular, information about alcohol level might delay the process as analyses are expected from laboratories.

    • Finland

      Data on traffic crashes in Finland are collected through two different channels: those reported to the police and those reported to insurance companies.

    • France

      French official road safety information comes from the National Road Traffic Accident (RTA) database and presents results for mainland France only, unless specifically specified that overseas areas data are included.

    • Germany

      Data included in this report correspond to the consolidated set of police data. Fatality data refer to deaths within 30 days. Injury crashes are defined as crashes resulting in at least one injured or killed person.

    • Greece

      The Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT) holds, since the early 60s, the official road accident database of Greece. This contains disaggregated road accident data and detailed information concerning drivers, road accident casualties and vehicles involved. The data is coded on the basis of the Road Accident Data Collection Form, which is filled in by the Traffic Police for every road accident with casualties.

    • Hungary

      The data of personal injury crashes are collected by the police. This is the basis of the official Hungarian road crash statistics as well.

    • Iceland

      Crash data in Iceland is based on police reports. Reports are made by police on scene and sent to the Icelandic Road Traffic Directorate. Information on the cause and type of crash is added to the files along with detailed information on location, vehicles as well as other fields.

    • Ireland

      In Ireland, the official road collision data is generated by two agencies. Members of An Garda Siochana (Irish Police Force) complete detailed road collision reports that are subsequently forwarded to the Road Safety Authority for analysis and publication. The reporting of fatalities is comprehensive in Ireland, but serious injury collisions are likely to be under-reported.

    • Israel

      Crash data are collected on the scene of the crash by the Police using checklist and sketch, and are subsequently sent to and stored electronically by the central bureau of statistics. The Road Safety Authority funds both traffic police and transportation unit at the Central Bureau of Statistics in order to manage and maintain the data system.

    • Italy

      In Italy, road crash data are collected by three police forces: the National Road Police, the Carabinieri and Local Police. Data collection is centrally organised for the National Road Police and Carabinieri, but not for the Local Police, which may have different crash investigation procedures.

    • Japan

      In Japan, road crash data are collected by the police. The National Police Agency has been collecting crash data since 1948. In 1966, an online database system was created.

    • Korea

      Any road crash resulting in at least one person killed or injured must be reported to the police. The police investigate the crash, fill out a form and enter the information in the police road crash database, TAMS (Traffic Accident Management System). The police refer to the medical diagnosis to classify the injuries by severity.

    • Lithuania

      The main crash data collector and manager in Lithuania is the traffic police. In addition, hospitals and insurance companies also have data on some crashes.

    • Luxembourg

      Data are collected by the National Police called to the scene of crashes. The reports are transmitted to the national statistical institute (Statec) responsible for compiling the data.

    • Malaysia

      The Royal Malaysian Police (RMP) is the agency responsible for collecting crash data in Malaysia. There is a standardised form (POL27), used to collect all relevant information for each crash occurrence in Malaysia. The form covers the information on vehicle, environment, injury, location and background of the crash occurrence, as well as the victim involved.

    • Netherlands

      Statistics in the Netherlands distinguish between reported and real numbers of casualties. The former category covers casualties reported by the police, while real numbers are higher, as they take into account data from sources such as hospitals and death certificates. Any number given in this report concerns the real number, unless "reported" is specified.

    • New Zealand

      In New Zealand road crashes are usually attended by police officers. The officers complete traffic crash reports which are forwarded to the New Zealand Transport Agency to be coded and the information entered into the Crash Analysis System.

    • Nigeria

      Road safety data in Nigeria is collected using crash templates at the scene of crash by road safety personnel on patrol, or upon receipt of a phone call at the toll-free emergency call centre, or other forms of reporting to the agency or personnel. Police personnel also collect crash data during the investigation of a crash.

    • Norway

      Crash data are collected by the police and consolidated at national level by Statistics Norway and the Public Roads Administration.

    • Poland

      MAIS 3+ is not currently used in Poland. The medical ICD 10 classification is used instead. However, with the IRTAD and EC recommendation to define ‘serious injuries’ based on the MAIS 3+ system, discussions are ongoing in Poland on how to implement this scale. While the Ministry of Health supports the introduction of the MAIS 3+, it will take some time to change the system.

    • Portugal

      When the police officers attend a crash they must fill in the standard road accident form (Beav). The statistics cover only those accidents which are reported to the police. Thus, an appreciable proportion of non-fatal crashes is not included in national statistics (underreporting).

    • Serbia

      Data on road deaths are available since 1981. More detailed information on road crashes is available for the years 1996 onward and included in the police crash database established in 1996. A project, funded by the World Bank, is underway to develop a new, unique database, compatible with the CADAS structure of the European Commission’s CARE database. The development of this new database should be finalised in 2014.

    • Slovenia

      In Slovenia, crash data are collected by the police, which is the main source of information for road fatalities and also for injuries.

    • Spain

      In Spain, there are several sources of information for traffic injury data. The source of information that provides detailed data on the circumstances of the crashes is based on the information collected by officers responsible for traffic surveillance and control, who complete the appropriate statistical questionnaires. Traffic police officers monitor the condition of those injured during the first 24 hours after the crash occurred, specifying whether the person injured died within that period, spent more than 24 hours in hospital, was considered serious or slightly injured, or was not taken to hospital in that period of time. This is done by obtaining the required information from hospitals.

    • Sweden

      The system is based on a systematic linking between police and health data and allows accurate information on the severity and consequences of crashes to be obtained.

    • Switzerland

      In Switzerland, injury severity is still assessed by means of a simple definition by the police force present at the scene. Nothing is known of the type and long-term outcome of injuries. International comparison of non-fatal crashes is not feasible.

    • United Kingdom

      Information and data presented in this report concern the United Kingdom (i.e. Great Britain + Northern Ireland). Data are provided by Great Britain only (96% of UK fatalities) where comparable information is not available for Northern Ireland.

    • United States

      The State Police collect data on motor vehicle traffic crashes on specific roadways in the State. Each State also has local police jurisdictions within counties, cities and towns that collect data on motor vehicle traffic crashes on the roadways not covered by the State Police.

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