Report on the Current State of Combined Transport in Europe

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23 Oct 1998
9789264163751 (PDF) ;9789282112380(print)

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This report on the current state of combined transport in Europe begins with an overview of combined transport in 30 European countries of the ECMT. It deals with both Central and Eastern European Countries that have recently become Members and the long-standing Member countries for which the most recent developments have been highlighted through the updating of a 1992 study on the improvements of main international piggyback links.

The scope of the study, beyond road and rail, has been extended to include inland waterways and short-sea shipping, thus permitting a better evaluation of the current weaknesses of the sector and the possible improvements.

On the basis of this report, the Council of Ministers of the ECMT has adopted a series of recommendations directed at all parties concerned in the public and private sectors, at both national and international level, regarding certain elements which are needed to achieve a significant improvement in combined transport and to ensure the sustainable development of the latter. These recommendations are also included in this publication.

Also available in French
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Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Definition and main features of combined transport
-2.1. Definitions
-2.2. Main features of combined transport
3. International activities in combined transport
-3.1. ECMT activities
-3.2. UN/ECE activities: the AGTC/AGN
-3.3. European Union Activities in the area of combined transport
-3.4. Other international governmental agencies
-3.5. International professional associations
4. General analysis
-4.1. Main routes used in combined transport
-4.2. Standards of related infrastructure
-4.3. Transit time and reliability
-4.4. Organisation
-4.5. Border crossings
-4.6. Factors determining the competitiveness of combined transport vis-à-vis road transport on selected European routes
5. Combined transport on main international links
-5.1. Criteria on which links were selected
-5.2. North-West to South-East Europe: UK/Netherlands/Belgium/Luxembourg through Germany and Austria to Hungary/Bulgaria/Romania/Greece/Turkey
-5.3. North to South-West Europe: UK/Netherlands/Belgium through France to Spain/Portugal
-5.4. North to South-Central Europe: Sweden/Norway/Finland/Denmark through Germany/Austria/Switzerland to Italy
-5.5. Western Europe to Eastern Europe
-5.6. Inland waterway transport: North Sea to Black Sea. Other inland waterway links used in combined transport
5.7. Coastal shipping
6. Price competition between road and combined transport
-6.1. General
-6.2. Case studies
-6.3. Conclusions
7. Summary of findings and comparison with the conclusions of the 1992 report
-7.1. General analysis
-7.2. Analysis of rail operations in combined transport
-7.3. Analysis of national and international regulatory measures
Annex A: Country reports
Annex B: International European Combined Transport Road-Rail traffic in 1996.
Conclusions and Recommendations adopted at the Council of Ministers held at Copenhagen on 26 and 27 May 1998

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