ITF Research Reports

International Transport Forum

2518-6752 (online)
2518-6744 (print)
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ITF Research Reports present the findings of in-depth research projects carried out by dedicated working groups made up of topic experts from member countries of the International Transport Forum. The reports strive to provide insights and recommendations for policy makers based on thorough, comparative analysis of the best available evidence.

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Pedestrian Safety, Urban Space and Health

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13 Aug 2012
9789282103654 (PDF) ;9789282103647(print)

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Walking is the most natural form of mobility; however cities have not always evolved to accommodate the needs of pedestrians and walking has in many cases been neglected in the development of transport systems. Improving the pedestrian environment can contribute significantly to meeting the challenges of climate change, air pollution and health.

This report aims to present decision-makers with hard evidence on the important place of walking in transport policies and provide guidelines for developing a safe environment conducive to walking. This is an essential contribution to creating liveable cities. Every single trip begins and ends by walking.

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Table of Contents

Key Messages
Chapter 1. Introduction: Walking and the Challenges of the 21st Century

-1.1. Why the need for a publication devoted to a strategy for better provision for walking?
-1.2. The identity of walking
-1.3. Vitality and liveability of the city
-1.4. Economic dimension of a strategy for walking
-1.5. The objectives of a strategy for walking
Chapter 2. Walking: The Neglected Transport Mode
-2.1. Forgotten in data
-2.2. Forgotten in cities
-2.3. Forgotten in the decision making process
Chapter 3. Walking Patterns in ITF/OECD Countries
-3.1. Introduction
-3.2. The share of walking
-3.3. Distance, duration and speed
-3.4. The purpose of walking
-3.5. Choice of transport mode
-3.6. Demographic differences
-3.7. Changes over time
-3.8. Distances covered by walking and time spent
Chapter 4. Walking, Health and Well-Being
-4.1. Introduction
-4.2. Direct health benefits of physical activity and walking
-4.3. Indirect benefits of promoting walking
-4.4. Other considerations concerning walking
-4.5. Economic benefits of walking
-4.6. Conclusions
Chapter 5. Safety and Personal Security: Facts and Feelings
-5.1. Non traffic accidents: pedestrian falls and stumbling
-5.2. Traffic crashes involving pedestrians
-5.3. Personal security
Chapter 6. Key Elements and Planning Principles to Promote Walking
-6.1. Integration of mobility and urban planning
-6.2. Development of public transport services and urban areas
-6.3. Urban space for non-motorised traffic and public transport
-6.4. Incentives to promote walking
-6.5. Speed management
-6.6. Education and communication
-6.7. Legislation and traffic codes
-6.8. New technologies to encourage and facilitate pedestrian mobility
-6.9. Summary
Chapter 7. Need for a Walking Strategy: Role of Governments and Stakeholders -7.1. Understanding pedestrian quality needs
-7.2. Developing a walking strategy
Chapter 8. Conclusions and Recommendations
Aclnowledgements and List of Participants

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