International Transport Forum Discussion Papers

2223-439X (online)
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ITF Discussion Papers make economic research, commissioned or carried out in-house at the International Transport Forum, available to researchers and practitioners. They describe preliminary results or research in progress by the author(s) and are published to stimulate discussion on a broad range of issues on which the ITF works.

On the Value of Crowding in Public Tansport for Ile-de-France You or your institution have access to this content

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Eric Kroes1, Marco Kouwenhoven1, Laurence Debrincat2, Nicolas Pauget2
Author Affiliations
  • 1: VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands

  • 2: Syndicat des Transports d’Ile-de-France, France

19 Sep 2013
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Since the mid 90’s, public transport patronage in Île-de-France (the Paris region) has increased substantially: over the last decade alone a 20% growth was observed. This growth, even though it was an aim of the Sustainable Urban Mobility plan adopted in 2000, was not completely anticipated. Consequently, the capacity is no longer sufficient to meet the demand during the peak hours, particularly on several parts of the network in the dense central area of the region. This results in over-crowded vehicles and long waiting times for passengers at rail platforms and bus stops. The lack of maintenance and modernisation of the transport system causes additional operational difficulties.
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