OECD/ITF Joint Transport Research Centre Discussion Papers

Electric Vehicles: A Tentative Economic and Environmental Evaluation
ISSN :
2070-8270 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/20708270
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The International Transport Forum at the OECD is an intergovernmental organisation with 52 member countries. It acts as a strategic think tank for transport policy and organizes an annual summit of ministers. Our work is underpinned by economic research, statistics collection and policy analysis, often undertaken in collaboration with many of the world's leading research figures in academia, business and government. This series of Discussion Papers is intended to disseminate the International Transport Forum’s research findings rapidly among specialists in the field concerned.
 
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Page: 1 (N° 2010/22) , 2 (N° 2009/02) | Next
Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 2010/22   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kgghkp44nkg.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/electric-vehicles-a-tentative-economic-and-environmental-evaluation_5kgghkp44nkg-en
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Electric Vehicles: A Tentative Economic and Environmental Evaluation
Rémy Prud'homme
Electric vehicles are often presented as a green solution to the transport problem. They offer, it is argued, the benefits of the private car without its costs. They make it possible for individuals and families to move around easily, rapidly, comfortably, at any moment in time, which makes...
  N° 2010/21   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4d6gkwdd4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/effective-regulatory-institutions_5km4d6gkwdd4-en
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Effective Regulatory Institutions
Tom Winsor
This paper discusses three connected aspects of regulation: (1) what makes a regulatory authority effective; (2) what is the legitimate role of a regulatory authority in the making and implementation of policy, and how that role may be regarded by others, and (3) the issue of independence of...
  N° 2010/20   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4d6gsckbq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/effective-regulatory-institutions-for-air-transport_5km4d6gsckbq-en
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Effective Regulatory Institutions for Air Transport
Hans-Martin Niemeier
The heated debate on the regulatory framework for airports has highlighted the importance of creating good institutions for air transport in general. This paper defines the concept of effective regulatory institutions for air transport. It also describes the value chain for air transport and...
  N° 2010/19   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4d6h32022.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/transport-regulation-from-theory-to-practice_5km4d6h32022-en
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Transport Regulation from Theory to Practice
Marco Ponti
Economic regulation is a controversial issue, especially in the transport sector. This paper analyses a number of general transport and mode-specific issues that can provide indications for setting up regulatory bodies and orienting their strategies. It also looks at a specific national case...
  N° 2010/18   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4q8hh4kmr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-practice-of-cost-benefit-analysis-in-the-transport-sector_5km4q8hh4kmr-en
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The Practice of Cost-Benefit Analysis in the Transport Sector: A Mexican Perspective
Vladimir Ramirez Soberanis
Mexico´s public investment process is strengthened by an institutional framework that ensures that projects with a high social return are given preference. The Federal Law of Budget and Financial Responsibility establishes as prerequisite for federal investments the obligation to present a...
  N° 2010/17   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4q8hpgwwd.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-practice-of-cost-benefit-analysis-in-transport_5km4q8hpgwwd-en
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The Practice of Cost-Benefit Analysis in Transport: The Case of France
Emile Quinet
The practice of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) has a long tradition in France, dating back to Dupuit (1849), but is still a topical subject. This practice is in fact the result of the combination of economic theory and decision processes regarding project choices. Both of these are constantly...
  N° 2010/16   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4q8j8m2f6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/cost-benefit-analysis-in-transport_5km4q8j8m2f6-en
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Cost-Benefit Analysis in Transport
Peter MacKie
It has always been a controversial tool, generating accusations of unacceptable principle, improper application, inadequate evidence base and bias. One early application was to the appraisal of the proposed third London Airport where a critic labelled the project appraisal as "nonsense on...
  N° 2010/15   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4q8jdjv26.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/transport-outlook-2010_5km4q8jdjv26-en
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Transport Outlook 2010
OECD, ITF
This paper provides evidence on and discussion of recent developments in global transport markets and analyzes what policies look most promising for stabilizing CO2- emissions from light-duty vehicles. In the aftermath of the economic crisis, recovery is uncertain and unevenly spread across the...
  N° 2010/14   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4q8jnn7q4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/what-sustainable-road-transport-future_5km4q8jnn7q4-en
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What Sustainable Road Transport Future?
Stef Proost, Kurt van Dender
A brief review of long run projections of demand for road transport suggests that problems related to road network congestion and greenhouse gas emissions are likely to become more pressing than they are now. Hence we review, from a macroscopic perspective, popular policy measures to address...
  N° 2010/13   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4q8jq838r.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/stimulating-low-carbon-vehicle-technologies_5km4q8jq838r-en
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Stimulating Low-Carbon Vehicle Technologies
OECD, ITF
If the transport sector is to make deep cuts to its carbon emissions, it is necessary to reduce the carbon-intensity of travel. Reducing travel itself, at some times and places, is sometimes justified but it is extremely unlikely that under expected global economic development patterns overall...
  N° 2010/12   01 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4q8jw1vzp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/implementing-congestion-charging_5km4q8jw1vzp-en
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Implementing Congestion Charging
OECD, ITF
The Round Table addressed the broad question of what research and experience tell us about how to arrive at a successful introduction of congestion charging schemes. Attention was limited mostly to urbanized areas where road traffic congestion is or may become an issue. "Success" means (a) that...
  N° 2010/11   01 Mar 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp65q3q23.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/18th-international-symposium-on-transport-economics-and-policy_5kmjp65q3q23-en
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The Future of Interurban Passenger Transport
OECD, ITF
The Symposium brought together leading transport researchers from around the world to explore a range of issues under the general theme of "the future for interurban passenger transport". A first set of papers investigates what drives demand for interurban passenger transport and infers how it...
  N° 2010/10   01 Mar 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp66069s4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/innovation-in-truck-technologies_5kmjp66069s4-en
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Innovation in Truck Technologies
Jorgen Christensen, Klaus Peter Glaeser, Terry Shelton, Barry Moore, Loes Aarts
This paper, extracted from the forthcoming report on "Moving Freight with Better Trucks" describes the innovations in truck engine and vehicle technology which aim to: i)improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions of CO2; ii) improve truck efficiency by increasing payload capacity; iii)...
  N° 2010/09   01 Jan 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp66c9vjc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-demand-for-and-the-supply-of-fuel-efficiency-in-models-of-industrial-organisation_5kmjp66c9vjc-en
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The Demand for and the Supply of Fuel Efficiency in Models of Industrial Organisation
Johannes van Biesebroeck
This report organizes and discusses empirical estimates of the effects of fuel prices and fuel emission standards on consumer and firm behaviour. I touch only briefly on model-free estimates. The focus is on results based on explicit models, taken mostly from the industrial organization...
  N° 2010/08   01 Feb 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp687vvxt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-impact-of-economic-instruments-on-the-auto-industry-and-the-consequences-of-fragmenting-markets_5kmjp687vvxt-en
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The Impact of Economic Instruments on the Auto Industry and the Consequences of Fragmenting Markets
Luc Bastard
This paper will focus on taxation issues addressing CO2 emissions in the European Union. When observing the different systems in place, a very broad diversity appears even with a cursory first glance. Actually, the diversity of taxation schemes among the Member States is such that...
  N° 2010/07   01 Feb 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp68h9d7h.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/combinations-of-instruments-to-achieve-low-carbon-vehicle-miles_5kmjp68h9d7h-en
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Combinations of Instruments to Achieve Low-Carbon Vehicle-Miles
Don Fullerton, Danile H. Karney
Policymakers and economists have considered a number of different policies to reduce carbon emissions, including a carbon tax, a cap-and-trade permit system, a subsidy for the purchase or use of low-carbon vehicle technology, a renewable fuel standard, and mandates on manufacturers to...
  N° 2010/06   01 Jan 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp68qtm6f.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/why-the-new-market-for-new-passenger-cars-generally-undervalues-fuel-economy_5kmjp68qtm6f-en
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Why the New Market for New Passenger Cars Generally Undervalues Fuel Economy
David Greene
Passenger vehicles are a major source of greenhouse gas emissions and prodigious consumers of petroleum, making their fuel economy an important focus of energy policy. Whether or not the market for fuel economy functions efficiently has important implications for both the type and intensity...
  N° 2010/05   01 Jan 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp68xl8kc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/revisiting-the-cost-of-the-stockholm-congestion-charging-system_5kmjp68xl8kc-en
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Revisiting the Cost of the Stockholm Congestion Charging System
Carl Hamilton
This study revisits some of the key project participants and archive data, to provide a deeper understanding of what were the major cost drivers and whether it can be lower in future installations. The approach taken is to emphasise understanding of the particular circumstances rather than...
  N° 2010/04   01 Jan 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp69w30f1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/so-you-re-considering-introducing-congestion-charging_5kmjp69w30f1-en
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So You're Considering Introducing Congestion Charging?
Jonas Eliasson
The paper draws from already published material. In fact, a reader already familiar with the congestion charging literature will find few completely new findings or insights. The contribution of the paper is rather the selection of the most relevant, interesting, important and sometimes...
  N° 2010/03   01 Jan 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp6b94hq6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/critical-success-factors-for-implementing-road-charging-systems_5kmjp6b94hq6-en
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Critical Success Factors for Implementing Road Charging Systems
Bernhard Oehry
Road user charging is used as an 'umbrella' term to describe a wide range of applications of pricing roads and infrastructure. Road user charging includes a number of charging measures that governments and other road owners use to: i) finance new or maintain existing road infrastructure ii)...
  N° 2010/02   01 Jan 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp6dl8sjf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/road-pricing-with-complication_5kmjp6dl8sjf-en
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Road Pricing with Complication
Mogens Fosgerau, Kurt van Dender
Standard textbook analyses of road pricing tend to assume that users are homogenous, that there is no travel time risk, and to have a view of congestion as static. The simple analysis also ignores that real pricing schemes are only rough approximations to ideal systems and that the general...
  N° 2010/01   01 Jan 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjp6fk71f6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-singapore-experience_5kmjp6fk71f6-en
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The Singapore Experience
Kian-Keong Chin
Singapore is an island-state with a land area of about 710 square km, measuring 42 km across and 23 km from north to south. Densely populated with more than 4.8 million people, its transport needs are served by an infrastructure of 147 km of MRT/LRT lines and 3,300 km of roads catering to more...
  N° 2009/32   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr387j0zp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/estimating-the-agglomeration-benefits-of-transport-investments_5kmmr387j0zp-en
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Estimating the Agglomeration Benefits of Transport Investments
Daniel J. Graham, Kurt van Dender
The case for including agglomeration benefits within transport appraisal rests on an assumed causality between access to economic mass and productivity. Such causality is difficult to establish empirically because estimates may be subject to sources of bias from endogeneity and confounding....
  N° 2009/31   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmnc5ln3r0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/does-sea-change-outcomes_5kmmnc5ln3r0-en
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Does SEA Change Outcomes?
Mario R. Partidário
This paper addresses the advocacy role that SEA can strategically play towards more sustainable and environmental decision-making and how this can be achieved. It discusses the required conditions for this performance and also the frustrations of SEA when such conditions are absent or...
  N° 2009/30   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmnc69gt23.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-contribution-of-strategic-environmental-assessment-to-transport-policy-governance_5kmmnc69gt23-en
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The Contribution of Strategic Environmental Assessment to Transport Policy Governance
Rodrigo Jiliberto Herrera
At the turn of the new millennium, therefore, the initial work on SEA (Strategic Environmental Assessment) and transport are eliciting work to evaluate the interest, specifics and feasibility of applying this new tool when formulating transport policy; and a positive appreciation is...
  N° 2009/29   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmnc6mdhmv.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-economics-of-co2-emissions-trading-for-aviation_5kmmnc6mdhmv-en
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The Economics of CO2 Emissions Trading for Aviation
Peter Morrell
There has been a growing interest in the environmental impact of aviation, both in terms of noise and aircraft engine emissions. Discussions have included both mitigation measures and methods of internalisation of these environmental costs also described as the principle of polluter pays. This...
  N° 2009/28   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmnc9dlcbs.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/environmental-aspects-of-inter-city-passenger-transport_5kmmnc9dlcbs-en
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Environmental Aspects of Inter-City Passenger Transport
Per Kageson
Many governments in different parts of the world are investing in high speed rail. Some of them do so thinking that it will be an important part of climate change mitigation. Intercity traffic over medium distances is particularly interesting in the environmental context as it constitutes the...
  N° 2009/27   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmnc9nqwwh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/potential-economic-impacts-of-technological-and-organisational-innovations-in-intermodal-access-to-major-passenger-terminals_5kmmnc9nqwwh-en
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Potential Economic Impacts of Technological and Organisational Innovations in Intermodal Access to Major Passenger Terminals
OECD, ITF
This report deals with the potential economic impacts of innovations such as smart ticketing and instantaneous access to rail and modal connection information schedules. First, the qualitative role of TOIs (technological and organizational innovations) is explored within the framework of...
  N° 2009/26   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmncb87nkh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-informed-and-oriented-transport-system-user_5kmmncb87nkh-en
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The Informed and Oriented Transport System User
Peter Zimmermann
The German Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs has set up a vision which shall improve the situation of the transport system user (in Germany). In order to make use of all resources an intensive co-ordination with the Ministry of Economics and Technology (transport research...
  N° 2009/25   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmncbvh5xs.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/dedicated-lanes-tolls-and-its-technology_5kmmncbvh5xs-en
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Dedicated Lanes, Tolls and ITS Technology
Robin Lindsey
This paper reviews the potential benefits from separating cars and trucks onto different lanes or roads while treating road infrastructure as given. U.S. studies of mixed traffic operations, lane restrictions and differential speed limits do not provide consistent evidence whether separating...
  N° 2009/24   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmncchk1zv.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/when-should-we-provide-separate-auto-and-truck-roadways_5kmmncchk1zv-en
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When Should We Provide Separate Auto and Truck Roadways?
Robert W. Poole, Jr.
The concept of the general purpose (GP) lane has dominated modern highway thinking and practice in OECD countries, especially for limited-access highways such as inter-city motorways and urban expressways, whether tolled or non-tolled. This paper raises the question of whether, in some...
  N° 2009/23   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmncfpzxq0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/competition-for-long-distance-passenger-rail-services_5kmmncfpzxq0-en
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Competition for Long Distance Passenger Rail Services
John Preston
The aim of this paper is to review the emerging evidence on competition in the long distance passenger rail service. This draws on the three bodies of evidence. In section 2, we examine the ex-ante evidence from theoretical models based on Preston (2008a). In section 3, we examine the ex-post...
  N° 2009/22   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr3bjk3tf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/long-distance-passenger-rail-services-in-europe_5kmmr3bjk3tf-en
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Long-Distance Passenger Rail Services in Europe
Thorsten Beckers, Christian von Hirschhausen, Fabian Haunerland, Matthias Walter
This paper focuses on classifying market access for long-distance passenger rail services in Europe into three main models and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each of these models. The "Tendered Concessions" model aims to introduce competition for the market by which operators are...
  N° 2009/21   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr3br9932.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/long-distance-bus-services-in-europe_5kmmr3br9932-en
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Long-Distance Bus Services in Europe
Didier van de Velde
This paper makes a review of the current situation in the interurban passenger transport market by coach in Europe, describing for a number of selected countries the regulatory setting, the main market actors, the main developments have taken place in the last decade or two and a number of...
  N° 2009/20   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr3c5lk6b.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/lessons-from-the-u-s-transport-deregulation-experience-for-privatization_5kmmr3c5lk6b-en
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Lessons from the U.S. Transport Deregulation Experience for Privatization
Clifford Winston
The purpose of this paper is to suggest how the U.S. experience with deregulating its intercity transportation system can identify important considerations for all countries that wish to pursue privatization. Transportation deregulation in the United States gave private railroad, trucking, bus,...
  N° 2009/19   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr3ccp8hj.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/competition-or-cooperation-in-public-transport_5kmmr3ccp8hj-en
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Competition or Cooperation in Public Transport
OECD, ITF
Transport, especially public transport has been at the centre of professional attention from time to time. Although the effect of transport innovation shortly appears and it works high effectively in public transport (as you think of the innovation of bus transport and its dynamic progression)...
  N° 2009/18   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr3d2878v.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/interurban-passenger-transport_5kmmr3d2878v-en
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Interurban Passenger Transport
Ginés de Rus
The future of interurban public transport will be significantly affected by public sector decisions concerning investment in infrastructure, particularly the construction of new high-speed rail lines in medium-distance corridors where cars, buses, airplanes and conventional trains are the...
  N° 2009/17   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr3g71lzn.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/high-speed-inter-city-transport-system-in-japan-past-present-and-the-future_5kmmr3g71lzn-en
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High-Speed Inter-City Transport System in Japan Past, Present and the Future
Katsuhiro Yamaguchi
With the advent of Shinkansen in 1964, a unique inter-city transport network in which high-speed railway and air transport developed simultaneously, emerged in Japan, and modal choice between them based on price and speed has been manifested. Looking ahead, the next generation high-speed...
  N° 2009/16   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr3gg21hk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/when-to-invest-in-high-speed-rail-links-and-networks_5kmmr3gg21hk-en
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When to Invest in High-Speed Rail Links and Networks?
Chris Nash
Definitions of high speed rail (HSR) differ, but a common one is rail systems which are designed for a maximum speed in excess of 250 kph (UIC, 2008). These speeds invariably involve the construction of new track, although trains used on them can also use existing tracks at reduced speeds. A...
  N° 2009/15   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr3hj23vk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/international-air-passenger-transport-in-the-future_5kmmr3hj23vk-en
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International Air Passenger Transport in the Future
David Gillen
The objective of this paper is relatively straightforward, suggesting "what international air passenger travel will look like in five, ten or fifteen years and why?" This requires answering two questions; what will be the principal determinants of the growth in international air travel and what...
  N° 2009/14   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr3hqt4f6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-prospects-for-inter-urban-travel-demand_5kmmr3hqt4f6-en
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The Prospects for Inter-Urban Travel Demand
Yves Crozet
The great difference between our journeys and activity schedules and those of our forebears lies in the much longer distances we travel. By road, and even more so by rail and air, nowadays we can cover hundreds or even thousands of miles in a few hours. Inter-urban mobility is directly affected...
  N° 2009/13   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmr3j65tg0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/how-transport-costs-shape-the-spatial-pattern-of-economic-activity_5kmmr3j65tg0-en
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How Transport Costs Shape the Spatial Pattern of Economic Activity
Jacques-François Thisse
By its very nature, transport is linked to trade. Trade being one of the oldest human activities, the transport of commodities is, therefore, a fundamental ingredient of any society. People get involved in trade because they want to consume goods that are not produced within reach. The Silk...
  N° 2009/12   01 June 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksgq0bjzj8w.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/transport-outlook-2009-preliminary-version_223702136528
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Transport Outlook 2009 (preliminary version)
OECD, ITF
This second ITF Transport Outlook continues building towards a full-fledged Transport Outlook, building upon the first Outlook (JTRC, 20081). The 2008 Outlook investigated the relation between expected GDP evolution and the demand for road transport, pointing out that transport demand...
  N° 2009/11   01 June 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksgq0dcfgms.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/greenhouse-gas-emissions-reduction-potential-from-international-shipping_223743322616
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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Potential from International Shipping
Philippe Crist
In this paper, we discuss the greenhouse gas emission reduction potential from international shipping. Drawing from the International Maritime Organization’s most recent assessment of maritime greenhouse gas emissions and other sources, we investigate the current level of emissions from...
  N° 2009/09   01 June 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksgq0dn0mnt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/policy-instruments-to-limit-negative-environmental-impacts-from-increased-international-transport_223773243354
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Policy Instruments to Limit Negative Environmental Impacts from Increased International Transport
Kurt van Dender, Philippe Crist
Transport activities have adverse environmental and health impacts, of which local and regional air pollution, climate change, and noise impacts are the most important. This paper is a non-comprehensive overview of existing and potential policies to deal with these negative impacts, with a...
  N° 2009/08   01 June 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksgq0drplxx.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/integration-and-competition-between-transport-and-logistics-businesses_223832254526
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Integration and Competition between Transport and Logistics Businesses
OECD, ITF
The Round Table, chaired by Russell Pittman of the US Department of Justice, reviewed trends in horizontal and vertical integration in logistics businesses, maritime shipping, ports and rail freight transport and examined the circumstances in which integration might reduce the efficiency of the...
  N° 2009/07   01 June 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksgq0dx7vlx.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/competitive-interaction-between-airports-airlines-and-high-speed-rail_223853273815
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Competitive Interaction between Airports, Airlines and High-Speed Rail
OECD, ITF
This paper summarizes, structures, and provides some context for discussions of the round table mentioned in the title. The first part of the paper focuses on sources of market power for airports and on policy responses. When an airport is congested and competition with other airports is...
  N° 2009/06   01 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksm6dzf6jg4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/security-risk-perception-and-cost-benefit-analysis_225674203172
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Security,Risk Perception and Cost-Benefit Analysis
OECD, ITF
Security concerns are high on the political agenda in many countries because of the widespread perception that security is increasingly threatened by intentional malicious acts including terrorist attacks. While terrorism has a long history and measures to maintain and improve security are in...
  N° 2009/05   01 Feb 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksnmdtcf7kb.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/railway-and-ports-organization-in-the-republic-of-south-africa-and-turkey_226631337025
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Railway and Ports Organization in the Republic of South Africa and Turkey
Louis S. Thompson
This paper looks in detail at the cases of two countries that exhibit extreme cases of transport organization. In both countries, the railway and most of the ports are under unitary control, with essentially no regulation and only limited information available to assess behavior. If economies...
  N° 2009/04   01 Feb 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksnmdwfxkzn.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/are-horizontal-mergers-and-vertical-integration-a-problem_226635086758
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Are Horizontal Mergers and Vertical Integration a Problem?
Simon Pilsbury, Andrew Meaney
This report examines market power in rail markets in Europe arising from horizontal and vertical mergers in the sector, and is intended to provide a high-level basis for discussion at the round table itself. It presents factual information on horizontal and vertical merger cases involving rail...
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