International Transport Forum Discussion Papers

Les indicateurs d'efficience du transport ferroviaire en France
ISSN: 
2223-439X (online)
DOI: 
10.1787/2223439x
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The International Transport Forum at the OECD is an intergovernmental organisation with 54 member economies. It acts as a strategic think tank for transport policy and organizes an annual summit of ministers. Our work is underpinned by economic research, statistics collection and policy analysis, often undertaken in collaboration with many of the world's leading research figures in academia, business and government. This series of Discussion Papers is intended to disseminate the ITF’s research findings rapidly among specialists in the field concerned.
Previous papers addressing these policy issues are available via http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/20708270
 
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Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 2014/24   01 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1knfjfs5.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/les-indicateurs-d-efficience-du-transport-ferroviaire-en-france_5jrw1knfjfs5-fr
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Les indicateurs d'efficience du transport ferroviaire en France
Alain Bonnafous, Yves Crozet
La France est un acteur clé de l’Europe ferroviaire. Elle occupe, et de loin, la première place pour la grande vitesse ferroviaire (53 milliards de voyageurs-kilomètres en 2013). Grâce à l’importance de ce segment de marché, la France est le pays d’Europe qui affiche chaque année le plus grand nombre de voyageurs-kilomètres (92,4 milliards en...
  N° 2013/23   05 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rxf0twd.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/why-airports-can-face-price-elastic-demands_5jz40rxf0twd-en
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Why airports can face price-elastic demands
David Starkie, George Yarrow
The extent to which firms face price-elastic demands for their products is important in the application of competition law and in judgments made as to whether they have significant market power. In the context of the airport industry, assessing price-elasticities is complicated by the fact that...
  N° 2013/25   13 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rrp2w22.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/when-to-invest-in-high-speed-rail_5jz40rrp2w22-en
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When to Invest in High-Speed Rail
Christopher Nash
High speed rail (HSR) is usually regarded as services operating at 250 kmph or more, and these invariably require construction of new purpose-built lines. According to the International Union of Railways (UIC), by 2012, a total of 13 000km of such lines had been built worldwide, half in Europe...
  N° 2014/23   01 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1kp34lbr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/germanywhat-is-rail-efficiency-and-how-can-it-be-changed_5jrw1kp34lbr-en
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What is Rail Efficiency and How Can it Be Changed?
Louis S. Thompson, Heiner Bente
Assessing railway efficiency is complex for a number of reasons. Railways produce a wide range of outputs including passenger service, freight service and, in some cases, separated infrastructure access services. Railways that differ in scale or in the mix of these services inherently differ in...
  N° 2011/16   01 May 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg9mq471x7g.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/what-does-improved-fuel-economy-cost-consumers-and-what-does-it-cost-taxpayers_5kg9mq471x7g-en
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What Does Improved Fuel Economy Cost Consumers and What Does it Cost Taxpayers?
Kurt van Dender, Philippe Crist
"Green growth" is an emerging paradigm that integrates several policy aspirations, including the durability of economic activity, reduced environmental impacts, and sustained growth in high-quality employment in such a way as to foster coherent, cross-sectoral policy design. Focusing on "green...
  N° 2015/06   01 Feb 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrsl7tkk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/what-do-we-mean-by-a-level-playing-field-in-international-aviation_5jrvzrsl7tkk-en
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What Do We Mean by a Level Playing Field in International Aviation?
Mike Tretheway, Robert Andriulaitis
The issue of a "level playing field" has re-emerged as a major issue in international aviation. This issue has been around for decades but has been raised in recent policy debates. One policy forum in which this has been raised is the European Commission’s proposed revision to Regulation...
  N° 2014/02   13 May 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rk8h2f0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/valuing-convenience-in-public-transport_5jz40rk8h2f0-en
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Valuing Convenience in Public Transport
Mark Wardman
The experience of transport systems users, in terms of comfort, reliability, safety and above all convenience, is critical in determining demand for transport services, at least when there is a choice of alternative ways to travel. Convenience is one of the strongest attractions of the private...
  N° 2014/01   14 Apr 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rkhdtf4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/valuation-of-urban-rail-service_5jz40rkhdtf4-en
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Valuation of Urban Rail Service
Hironori Kato
Promoting public transportation, which includes rail, metro, bus rapid transit, and bus services is one of the most popular urban transportation policies among transportation authorities in many countries. This popularity may reflect the social requirement to pursue a sustainable transportation...
  N° 2014/05   16 Apr 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rjddtf4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/urban-rail-development-in-tokyo-from-2000-to-2010_5jz40rjddtf4-en
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Urban Rail Development in Tokyo from 2000 to 2010
Hironori Kato
Tokyo is well known as a rail-oriented city where the huge traffic demand generated from the megacity is well supported by a sophisticated urban rail system. The results of the 2008 Person Trip Survey show that rail’s modal share was 30% as of 2008; the economy of Tokyo is highly dependent on...
  N° 2013/01   01 Feb 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46n4651tmp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/upgrading-to-world-class_5k46n4651tmp-en
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Upgrading to World Class
Jeffrey M. Zupan
This paper is intended to serve three purposes. First, it presents a slightly abbreviated version of the summary of the book published by Regional Plan Association (RPA) in January 2011 about the serious capacity and delay problems at the three major airports in New York and what might be done...
  N° 2015/15   01 May 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrlp5gzn.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/tourism-facilitation-as-part-of-transport-policy_5jrvzrlp5gzn-en
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Tourism Facilitation as part of Transport Policy
OECD, ITF
With over one billion international tourist arrivals per year, forecast to rise to 1.5 billion per year by 2020, transport is an essential component of the tourism system. Transport connects tourism generating regions (both domestic and international) to destinations, and facilitates the...
  N° 2014/08   01 Aug 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z46t56l.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/time-efficiency-at-world-container-ports_5jrw2z46t56l-en
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Time Efficiency at World Container Ports
César Ducruet, Hidekazu Itoh, Olaf Merk
The ability of ports to ensure efficient cargo transfers is one central dimension of their overall function as transport nodes. Before containerization, such as in the late nineteenth century, large seaports were already competing in their attempt providing fast transit between sea and land, in...
  N° 2011/28   29 Nov 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg0prjzrg5f.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-grand-paris-project-tools-and-challenges_5kg0prjzrg5f-en
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The ‘Grand Paris' Project: Tools and Challenges
André de Palma
The purpose of this Round Table is to assess the economic effects of major transport infrastructure projects. The term "major projects" is used to designate qualitative leaps, be it the mapping out of new road or rail rings to link disparate radial penetration routes or the introduction of...
  N° 2014/18   01 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2xxlks8v.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-renegotiation-of-ppp-contracts-an-overview-of-its-recent-evolution-in-latin-america_5jrw2xxlks8v-en
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The Renegotiation of PPP Contracts: An Overview of its Recent Evolution in Latin America
José Luis Guasch, Daniel Benitez, Irene Portabales, Lincoln Flor
This paper analyses the experience, high incidence, lesson learned and reflections on the issue renegotiations in Latin America, based in the evolution of PPP contracts through the last 25 years. The paper also shows how countries via new PPP laws, regulations, norms and specific platforms can...
  N° 2015/05   01 Feb 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw13st0z37.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-regulatory-asset-base-model-and-the-project-finance-model-a-comparative-analysis_5jrw13st0z37-en
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The Regulatory Asset Base Model and the Project Finance Model: A comparative analysis
Dejan Makovsek
  N° 2013/14   28 May 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46bj481jjh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-potential-of-private-institutional-investors-for-financing-transport-infrastructure_5k46bj481jjh-en
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The Potential of Private Institutional Investors for Financing Transport Infrastructure
Rajiv Sharma
It is widely held that large institutional investors such as pension funds and sovereign wealth funds with long term liabilities and a low risk appetite are ideally suited to invest in transportation infrastructure assets. Despite the theoretical ideal match between a large source of capital...
  N° 2014/12   01 Aug 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z0kvgg0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-national-audit-office-s-value-for-money-assessment-of-transport-investments_5jrw2z0kvgg0-en
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The National Audit Office's Value-for-Money Assessment of Transport Investments
Geraldine Barker, Grace Beardsley, Annie Parsons
The UK National Audit Office (NAO) scrutinises public spending on behalf of Parliament, helping it to hold government departments to account and helping public bodies improve performance and delivery. We publish around 60 value for money studies each year across a range of government...
  N° 2014/09   01 Aug 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z40j6zr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-mediterranean-port-economy_5jrw2z40j6zr-en
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The Mediterranean Port Economy
Olaf Merk
Ports are no longer perceived as main drivers of urban economic development. A variety of factors have been identified in the academic literature to contribute to urban economic growth, ranging from human capital, entrepreneurial culture, diversity and infrastructure to planning and governance....
  N° 2015/01   01 Jan 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1khtxts1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-governance-and-regulation-of-ports_5jrw1khtxts1-en
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The Governance and Regulation of Ports
Claudio Ferrari, Alessio Tei, Olaf Merk
Italian ports handled approximately 460 million tonnes of cargo in 2012 according to the last statistical report of the Italian Association of Port Authorities1 (Assoporti, 2014). This is more or less the same amount as the port of Rotterdam alone. The cargo handled at the port of Antwerp – the...
  N° 2013/28   19 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw4bdd6nvf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-financial-and-economic-assessment-of-china-s-high-speed-rail-investments_5jrw4bdd6nvf-en
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The Financial and Economic Assessment of China's High Speed Rail Investments
Jianhong Wu
China has suffered railway capacity constraints for more than several decades and the need for a large increase in rail capacity has been viewed as the primary challenge. The former Chinese Ministry of Railways believed that building a national wide high speed railway (HSR) network was the most...
  N° 2012/06   26 Oct 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8zvv6tn2bv.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-fantasy-world-of-private-finance-for-transport-via-public-private-partnerships_5k8zvv6tn2bv-en
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The Fantasy World of Private Finance for Transport via Public Private Partnerships
Jean Shaoul, Anne Stafford, Pam Stapleton
In 1993, the British government turned to the private sector to finance much needed investment in public infrastructure and manage services under its Public Private Partnerships (PPP) policy (Edwards et al., 2004), with transport forming by far the largest component by value of the PPP programme...
  N° 2011/27   24 Nov 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg0prk600jk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-evolution-of-london-s-crossrail-scheme-and-the-development-of-the-department-for-transport-s-economic-appraisal-methods_5kg0prk600jk-en
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The Evolution of London's Crossrail Scheme and the Development of the Department for Transport's Economic Appraisal Methods
Tom Worsley
Cost benefit analysis has been used in the United Kingdom for the appraisal of road schemes over the past fifty years. It was less widely used for rail, where most investment was concerned with renewing the existing network. The Central London Rail Study (1988) used cost benefit analysis to...
  N° 2013/30   13 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rnjkgxw.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/the-economics-of-investment-in-high-speed-rail_5jz40rnjkgxw-en
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The Economics of Investment in High-Speed Rail
John Preston
From its origin with the Tokaido Shinkansen in 1964, High Speed Rail (HSR), defined here as new rail lines capable of operating speeds of 250 kilometres per hour or more, has grown relatively slowly over the last 50 years, with the World HSR network as of late 2013 standing at under 22 000 km....
  N° 2014/14   01 July 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2xzr9720.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/target-low-carbon-goods-transportation_5jrw2xzr9720-en
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Target: Low-carbon Goods Transportation
Henrik Pålsson, Karl-Johan Lundquist, Lars-Olof Olander, Fredrik Eng Larsson, Lena Hiselius
The transportation sector is responsible for about 23% of all CO2 emissions globally and 30% in OECD countries with road being the dominating sector for transport emissions (ITF, 2010). National emissions data are rarely disaggregated by freight vs. passenger transport, but an estimate is that...
  N° 2014/11   01 Oct 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2z2fqgf1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/tpics-tiger-and-us-experience_5jrw2z2fqgf1-en
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TPICS TIGER and US Experience
Stephen Fitzroy, Glen E. Weisbrod, Naomi Stein
This paper presents the results of research recently conducted by the authors on ex-post analysis focused on the long-term economic impacts of transportation system investments in the United States (US). For a variety of reasons, the US has had a tradition of making transport investments to...
  N° 2011/17   01 May 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg9mq4f4627.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/state-roles-in-providing-affordable-mass-transport-services-for-low-income-residents_5kg9mq4f4627-en
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State Roles in Providing Affordable Mass Transport Services for Low-Income Residents
Robert Cervero
Governments support urban mass transport services worldwide under the guise of helping the poor and improving the environment. With more and more governments cash-strapped and facing budgetary shortfalls in other vital areas, the fiscal burdens of underwriting public transport have prompted...
  N° 2012/02   27 Apr 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8zvv8g70q5.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/smart-grids-and-electric-vehicles_5k8zvv8g70q5-en
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Smart Grids and Electric Vehicles
Trevor Morgan
Electric vehicles (EVs) could play a central role in decarbonising road transport. But this new type of electricity load will need careful management. Although electricity needs for EVs are likely to remain small relative to overall load in most regions for many years to come, they could have a...
  N° 2014/20   01 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1ktc83r1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/shipping-emissions-in-ports_5jrw1ktc83r1-en
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Shipping Emissions in Ports
Olaf Merk
Shipping could – in one way - be considered a relatively clean transport mode. This is particularly the case if one takes the angle of emissions per tonne-kilometre. Typical ranges of CO2 efficiencies of ships are between 0 and 60 grams per tonne-kilometre, this range is 20-120 for rail...
  N° 2013/27   13 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rpbk90p.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/shinkansen-investment-before-and-after-jnr-reform_5jz40rpbk90p-en
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Shinkansen Investment before and after JNR Reform
Fumio KUROSAKI
"Shinkansen" refers to Japan’s dedicated high-speed intercity rail system, and it was initially introduced between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka in 1964 prior to other countries. This event accelerated the development of high-speed railways in other countries. In Japan its total length and the number of...
  N° 2015/17   01 May 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrjggnhh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/shifting-towards-low-carbon-mobility-systems_5jrvzrjggnhh-en
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Shifting towards Low Carbon Mobility Systems
Aimée Aguilar Jaber, Daniela Glocker
Private motorised vehicles account today for 90% of total surface transport1 CO2 emissions. Car fleets are growing rapidly in many cities in the developing world, where population and income growth will be concentrated in the coming decades. For example, whilst urban agglomerations with more...
  N° 2012/05   14 May 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8zvv70kmf3.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/seamless-transport-policy_5k8zvv70kmf3-en
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Seamless Transport Policy
Stephen Perkins
This paper briefly discusses inter-modal coordination of transport services from a perspective of what could be called "diversity-based mobility policy". It examines the framework conditions for inter-modal competition and coordination under an approach to transport policy making that reflects...
  N° 2011/25   20 Sep 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg29s2v5f31.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/road-safety-and-insurance-markets-overview_5kg29s2v5f31-en
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Road Safety and Insurance Markets Overview
Andrew Fronsko
Road trauma is the biggest killer of young people in the world. Reductions in the incidence and severity of road related trauma is of paramount importance to society, aimed at reducing the personal and economic burden to injured people and flow-on impact to families and the broader community...
  N° 2011/24   20 Sep 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg29s4v6448.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/road-safety_5kg29s4v6448-en
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Road Safety
Samantha Cockfield
The Transport Accident Commission of Victoria (TAC) was established, and is governed by, the Transport Accident Act 1986. The TAC administers a comprehensive no-fault compensation scheme for Victorians who are injured or die as a result of a transport accident. The Act also provides the TAC...
  N° 2013/08   01 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46n41ck5kk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/road-haulage-charges-and-taxes_5k46n41ck5kk-en
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Road Haulage Charges and Taxes
Bertil Hylén, Jari Kauppila, Edouard Chong
The International Transport Forum at the OECD has collected data on various taxes and charges levied on road haulage since 1998. The existing International Transport Forum database presents these results for selected years between 1998 and 2008. These data allow for comparison of road freight...
  N° 2015/07   01 Mar 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrrqb49v.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/report-on-public-transport-provision-in-rural-and-depopulated-areas-in-the-united-kingdom_5jrvzrrqb49v-en
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Report on Public Transport Provision in Rural and Depopulated Areas in the United Kingdom
Peter White
In drawing lessons from experience in the United Kingdom, it is useful to firstly examine some of the overall differences between the UK and Finland, both in respect of aggregate statistics and structure of the public transport system. The following statistics indicate the main comparisons. In...
  N° 2014/17   01 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2xxwdlr8.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/renegotiations-in-public-private-partnerships-theory-and-evidence_5jrw2xxwdlr8-en
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Renegotiations in Public-Private Partnerships: Theory and Evidence
OECD, ITF
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have the potential to increase efficiency and improve resource allocation. However, contract renegotiations are common and make us question the benefits to PPPs. Under current accounting standards, PPPs allow intertemporal reallocations of infrastructure...
  N° 2014/16   01 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw2xz9xhs1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/renegotiation-of-transportation-public-private-partnerships-the-us-experience_5jrw2xz9xhs1-en
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Renegotiation of Transportation Public-Private Partnerships: The US Experience
Jonathan Gifford, Lisardo Bolaños, Nobuhiko Daito
Public-private partnerships (P3s) typically rely on long-term contracts between participants. When conditions arise that fall outside the expectations embodied in the contract, one party may seek to renegotiate the contract terms. Globally, the frequency of P3 contract renegotiations has been...
  N° 2013/09   01 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46n4121k5d.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/recent-trends-in-car-usage-in-advanced-economies-slower-growth-ahead_5k46n4121k5d-en
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Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies – Slower Growth Ahead?
Kurt van Dender, Martin Clever
Over the past 10 to 15 years, the growth of passenger vehicle travel volumes has decelerated in several high-income economies and, in some, growth has stopped or turned negative. Drawing from work presented to and discussions at the ITF Roundtable on long-run trends in travel demand, held in...
  N° 2013/12   07 May 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46bj46ptkb.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/railway-efficiency_5k46bj46ptkb-en
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Railway Efficiency
Arne Beck, Heiner Bente, Martin Schilling
Railway efficiency is a topic of interest worldwide for railway managers operating in competitive markets and for fiscally strained governments. Several recent studies indicate that European railways differ in terms of their efficiency. Based on a comparison with some major non-European railway...
  N° 2014/22   01 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1kq13qq2.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/rail-efficiency-cost-research-and-its-implications-for-policy_5jrw1kq13qq2-en
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Rail Efficiency: Cost Research and its Implications for Policy
Andrew S. J. Smith, Christopher Nash
In this paper we first consider alternative measures of efficiency. We explain why simple partial productivity measures are inadequate as the basis of overall measures of efficiency, and outline two alternative approaches. The first is technical efficiency – the degree to which output is...
  N° 2013/20   20 Oct 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rzftr0x.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/puerto-de-gran-escala-the-case-for-a-new-container-terminal-in-central-chile_5jz40rzftr0x-en
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Puerto de Gran Escala: The case for a New Container Terminal in Central Chile
Alexis Michea
The state-owned sector was modernised in the late 1990s by means of Law 19 542, which divided the large national ports company (Empresa Portuaria de Chile, Emporchi) to create 10 independent port companies (Empresas Portuarias), each with its own board of directors, management, etc. These...
  N° 2015/10   01 Mar 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrqmhc7h.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/publicly-funded-passenger-transport-services-in-finland_5jrvzrqmhc7h-en
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Publicly Funded Passenger Transport Services in Finland
Jari Kauppila
The share of bus transport of total passenger transport (as a percentage of total inland passenger-kilometres) is slightly above EU average in Finland. Buses account for around 10% of total passenger transport, compared with the EU average of 9% in 2011. The share of rail in total passenger...
  N° 2015/08   01 Mar 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrrgg6lv.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/public-transport-provision-in-rural-and-sparsely-populated-areas-in-norway_5jrvzrrgg6lv-en
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Public Transport Provision in Rural and Sparsely Populated Areas in Norway
Merethe Dotterud Leiren, Kare Skollerud
Norway and Finland share several commonalities, being Nordic democracies with a population of 5.1 and 5.5 million and large rural areas. With decreasing population in rural areas, given aging and structural changes in society, both countries face challenges in trying to keep the costs of...
  N° 2014/25   01 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw1kn72gs0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/public-private-partnerships-for-transport-infrastructure_5jrw1kn72gs0-en
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Public Private Partnerships for Transport Infrastructure :
Dejan Makovsek, Stephen Perkins, Bjorn Hasselgren
The use of public private partnerships (PPPs) for investment in transport infrastructure has a long history, spreading rapidly in Latin America in the 1980s and in the 1990s in the UK. There are many forms of PPP, ranging from the project finance type (e.g. Design, Build, Finance, Maintain,...
  N° 2013/11   01 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46n3z78mwd.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/public-private-partnership-in-national-highways_5k46n3z78mwd-en
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Public Private Partnership in National Highways
Gajendra Haldea
India’s road network of over 4.1 million km is second largest in the world consisting of expressways, national highways, state highways, major district roads and other roads. These roads carry about 65 per cent of freight and 80 per cent of passenger traffic. National highways constitute only...
  N° 2011/20   01 May 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg9mq56dfs8.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/public-acceptability-of-sustainable-transport-measures_5kg9mq56dfs8-en
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Public Acceptability of Sustainable Transport Measures
Alison Pridmore, Apollonia Miola
Increasingly, the debate on transport policy involves the challenge of sustainable development. The concept of sustainable transport is derived from the general term of sustainable development. Sustainable transportation can be considered by examining the sustainability of the transport system...
  N° 2012/11   23 Oct 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8zvv3jwwwk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/procurement-and-contract-design-in-the-construction-industry_5k8zvv3jwwwk-en
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Procurement and Contract Design in the Construction Industry
Jan-Eric Nilsson
This paper considers the choice between different approaches to contract for the construction and maintenance of infrastructure projects. The need to control for user costs over the life cycle of an asset is demonstrated to be a core aspect of contract design. The more likely it is that a...
  N° 2014/03   11 Apr 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz40rjtw622.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/port-investment-and-container-shipping-markets_5jz40rjtw622-en
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Port Investment and Container Shipping Markets
Mary R. Brooks, Thanos Pallis, Stephen Perkins
Ports around the globe are planning expansions to respond to the growth of containerised maritime trade and to the development needs of their hinterland economies. Following the dip in trade induced by the 2007-2008 financial crisis, global volumes are on the rise again (Figure 1), driven by...
  N° 2015/13   01 May 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrm4t724.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/port-hinterland-connectivity_5jrvzrm4t724-en
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Port Hinterland Connectivity
Olaf Merk, Theo Notteboom
The competitiveness of a seaport depends on the extent the cargo handled in the port can reach its hinterland destination (e.g. Acciaro & McKinnon, 2013). The importance of hinterland connections has been recognised as one of the most critical issues in port competitiveness and development in...
  N° 2015/16   01 May 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrvzrldjs8n.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/policy-strategies-for-vehicle-electrification_5jrvzrldjs8n-en
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Policy Strategies for Vehicle Electrification
Gunnar Lindberg, Lasse Fridstrøm
An increase in the market share of electric vehicles is one possible policy strategy for greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement. Many governments have introduced schemes to increase the market uptake – fiscal incentives, subsidies and various regulatory policies such as support for charging stations,...
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