ITF Research Reports

International Transport Forum

2518-6752 (online)
2518-6744 (print)
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ITF Research Reports present the findings of in-depth research projects carried out by dedicated working groups made up of topic experts from member countries of the International Transport Forum. The reports strive to provide insights and recommendations for policy makers based on thorough, comparative analysis of the best available evidence.

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Cycling, Health and Safety

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19 Dec 2013
9789282105955 (PDF) ;9789282105948(print)

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Many jurisdictions around the world are trying to retain or increase the share of cycling in urban traffic in order to benefit from the many health and transport efficiency benefits. Safety is a key concern and should be accounted for in these policies.
This report of the International Transport Forum's Cycling Safety Working Group monitors international trends in cycling, safety and policy, and explores options that may help decision makers design safe environments for cycling. Key messages relate to strategic goal-setting for cycling policy and managing crash risks while increasing health benefits. The report also discusses how to better capture crash and bicycle usage statistics. The safety impacts of a wide range of pro-cycling measures are examined in detail.

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  • Cycling safety: Key messages and recommendations
  • Cycling, safety, health and policy – necessary linkages, suggested approaches

    Many countries are promoting cycling as a way to improve health and quality of life while reducing the negative impacts of transport in terms of congestion and pollution. Safety, however, is a key concern since cyclists are relatively unprotected road users. This chapter addresses the key issues relating to cycling safety and links them to a greater discussion of health, safety and cycling. The deleterious impact of crashes on cyclists’ health is only one part of the health impacts of cycling – and it is often overvalued in policy discussions. This chapter examines the full range of health impacts and discusses critical elements necessary for cycling policy evaluation. It also suggests a way forward for framing cycling and road safety policy such that health benefits are maximised.

  • Policy measures and administrative framework for bicycle safety

    This Chapter looks at how countries and regional/local authorities are developing, facilitating or guiding cycling policy. Based on a questionnaire of International Transport Forum members, this chapter inventories national cycle plans and discusses their key features. It also reviews the different legal frameworks and rules surrounding bicycles and cycling across countries and presents some findings relating to the funding of bicycle infrastructure and programmes.

  • Analysis of international trends in bicycle use and cyclist safety

    This Chapter reviews trends relating to cycling safety as reported and vetted by ITF members via a questionnaire. This information is complemented by different national and regional sources of information. Trends relating to fatalities, injuries and crash rates are presented alongside international data on levels of cycling. Where possible, exposure-adjusted safety figures are given and some of the underlying factors contributing to observed trends are discussed.

  • Overview of bicycle crash characteristics in selected countries

    This chapter presents detailed analysis of bicycle crash characteristics across a range of countries based on a detailed questionnaire and other sources of national information. It provides an up-to-date comparison of factors relating to bicycle crashes among responding countries and discusses the policy implications that emerge.

  • Review of bicycle safety measures

    This chapter investigates the documented safety or safety-related behavioural effects of a number of bicycle safety measures and interventions based on the recent international research.

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