Cycling, Health and Safety

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Author(s):
OECD, ITF
Publication Date :
19 Dec 2013
Pages :
248
ISBN :
9789282105955 (PDF) ; 9789282105948 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789282105955-en

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Many jurisdictions around the world are trying to retain or increase the share of cycling in urban traffic in order to benefit from the many health and transport efficiency benefits. Safety is a key concern and should be accounted for in these policies.
This report of the International Transport Forum's Cycling Safety Working Group monitors international trends in cycling, safety and policy, and explores options that may help decision makers design safe environments for cycling. Key messages relate to strategic goal-setting for cycling policy and managing crash risks while increasing health benefits. The report also discusses how to better capture crash and bicycle usage statistics. The safety impacts of a wide range of pro-cycling measures are examined in detail.
 

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  • Mark Click to Access
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    Cycling safety: Key messages and recommendations
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    • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/cycling-health-and-safety/cycling-safety-health-and-policy-necessary-linkages-suggested-approaches_9789282105955-2-en
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    Cycling, safety, health and policy – necessary linkages, suggested approaches

    Many countries are promoting cycling as a way to improve health and quality of life while reducing the negative impacts of transport in terms of congestion and pollution. Safety, however, is a key concern since cyclists are relatively unprotected road users. This chapter addresses the key issues relating to cycling safety and links them to a greater discussion of health, safety and cycling. The deleterious impact of crashes on cyclists’ health is only one part of the health impacts of cycling – and it is often overvalued in policy discussions. This chapter examines the full range of health impacts and discusses critical elements necessary for cycling policy evaluation. It also suggests a way forward for framing cycling and road safety policy such that health benefits are maximised.

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    • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/cycling-health-and-safety/policy-measures-and-administrative-framework-for-bicycle-safety_9789282105955-3-en
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    Policy measures and administrative framework for bicycle safety

    This Chapter looks at how countries and regional/local authorities are developing, facilitating or guiding cycling policy. Based on a questionnaire of International Transport Forum members, this chapter inventories national cycle plans and discusses their key features. It also reviews the different legal frameworks and rules surrounding bicycles and cycling across countries and presents some findings relating to the funding of bicycle infrastructure and programmes.

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    • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/cycling-health-and-safety/analysis-of-international-trends-in-bicycle-use-and-cyclist-safety_9789282105955-4-en
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    Analysis of international trends in bicycle use and cyclist safety

    This Chapter reviews trends relating to cycling safety as reported and vetted by ITF members via a questionnaire. This information is complemented by different national and regional sources of information. Trends relating to fatalities, injuries and crash rates are presented alongside international data on levels of cycling. Where possible, exposure-adjusted safety figures are given and some of the underlying factors contributing to observed trends are discussed.

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    Overview of bicycle crash characteristics in selected countries

    This chapter presents detailed analysis of bicycle crash characteristics across a range of countries based on a detailed questionnaire and other sources of national information. It provides an up-to-date comparison of factors relating to bicycle crashes among responding countries and discusses the policy implications that emerge.

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    Review of bicycle safety measures

    This chapter investigates the documented safety or safety-related behavioural effects of a number of bicycle safety measures and interventions based on the recent international research.

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    • Mark Click to Access
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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/cycling-health-and-safety/working-group-questionnaire-on-bicycle-safety-and-crash-characteristics_9789282105955-7-en
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      Working group questionnaire on bicycle safety and crash characteristics
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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/cycling-health-and-safety/policy-measures-derived-from-stated-preference-analysis-for-bicycle-use-route-choice-factors-in-indian-context_9789282105955-8-en
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      Policy measures derived from stated preference analysis for bicycle use: Route choice factors in Indian context

      Cyclists are spread all over the urban areas in India. These are mostly captive riders who choose to bicycle as no other viable options are available to them. This study discusses perceptions of these captive riders as compared to a group of not yet riding (potential) users (short trip makers). A stated preference survey was conducted to estimate their perception on route choice, preferred street environment and land use features.

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      A stated preference analysis on bicycle user's perception on cycling safety and its policy implications in Korean contexts

      This paper reviews previous quantitative researches on cycling route choice and quantitatively evaluates representative policy measures effectiveness by employing stated preference methodology. The dedicated bicycle only road and bicycle lanes are estimated to enhance cyclists’ safety perception. It is also estimated that lowering vehicle travel speed is very effective in increasing cyclists’ safety perception. From the elasticity estimation it is shown that in Korean context lowering vehicle travel speed is estimated to be most effective policy measure in increasing safety perception and thus for increasing bicycle modal share. Providing dedicated infrastructures such as bicycle only roads and lanes are also estimated to be highly effective.

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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/transport/cycling-health-and-safety/itf-oecd-working-group-on-cycling-safety_9789282105955-10-en
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      ITF-OECD Working Group on Cycling Safety
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