OECD Trade Policy Studies

1990-1534 (online)
1990-1542 (print)
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A series of OECD reports on various aspects of trade policy. Recent reports have covered such topics as universal access to basic services offered internationally, the role of non-tariff barriers, and environmental requirements and market access.

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Trading Up

Trading Up

Economic Perspectives on Development Issues in the Multilateral Trading System You do not have access to this content

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23 May 2006
9789264025585 (PDF) ;9789264025592(print)

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The prospect of further trade liberalisation sometimes attracts a noisy public discourse, particularly with respect to the possible implications for developing countries. This volume considers trade and development from an economic perspective, aiming to examine these emotive issues using empirical approaches and dispassionate analysis. What are the potential welfare impacts on developing countries from further liberalisation?  What economic adjustments would such liberalisation entail?  What policy options exist for developing countries seeking to seize on new market opportunities while responding to the associated structural challenges? Trading Up:  Economic Perspectives on Development Issues in the Multilateral Trading System delivers new insights from the latest OECD and World Bank research on these questions and related topics.
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  • The Doha Development Agenda
    This paper considers the welfare gains form trade liberalisation with particular emphasis on reduction of tariff protection. The first part of the paper examines the present structure of tariffs, outlines the DDA work in the area of tariffs, briefly discusses the various approaches to tariff reduction used in past rounds of multilateral trade negotiations and considers a sample of the existing literature on the effects of various trade liberalisation scenarios involving tariff reductions.
  • Global Merchandise Trade Reform
    The welfare impacts of global trade policy reforms are typically compared to two reference situations, a current baseline and one following full merchandise trade reform. The first purpose of this chapter is to illustrate the gains that can be achieved in the latter situation and to highlight the sources of these gains, i.e. what proportion comes from different regions (e.g. high-income versus developing), what proportion comes from different sectors (e.g. agriculture versus manufacturing) and what proportion can be attributed to the so-called three pillars (market access, domestic support and export subsidies).
  • Trade Preference Erosion
    Several recent OECD Trade Directorate studies have considered the potential impact of preference erosion on developing countries, particularly where preference erosion might arise as a consequence of multilateral tariff liberalisation. Drawing on these studies, the present chapter presents key findings as well as some updates.
  • Impact on Government Revenue of Changes in Tariffs in Developing Countries
    This chapter addresses tariff revenue concerns that some countries have been expressing in the context of the current multilateral trade negotiations under the Doha Development Agenda. It presents empirical estimates and analysis of the nature and scope of revenue reduction that might be associated with tariff reductions negotiated under the DDA.
  • South-South Goods and Services Trade
    This chapter contributes to the debate on the development potential of South-South trade in goods and services. It uses descriptive statistics and gravity methodology to help understand past trends in world goods and services trade.
  • Services as Outputs and Intermediate Inputs
    The aim of this chapter is to (1) determine the magnitude of services barriers and (2) examine the flow-on effects of such barriers to the economy as a whole by (i) highlighting the costs imposed by inefficient services inputs to both services and non-services sectors and (ii) analysing whether and how the benefits of services trade reform are passed on to other sectors in the economy.
  • Agricultural Policy Reform, Factor Returns and Household Welfare
    Governments of most developed and many developing countries impose tariffs on imports in order to boost domestic market prices of agricultural commodities. In some OECD countries governments may top up the financial benefits of this market price support through other means, e.g. direct budgetary payments, favourable tax treatment, and subsidised credit.
  • Assessing Special and Differential Treatment and Aid for Trade as Complements to Multilateral Trade Liberalisation
    This chapter assesses the role of Special and Differential Treatment and Aid-for-Trade in increasing the benefits to developing countries from trade reform and WTO Agreements. First, the paper provides an overview of the specific challenges faced by developing countries in adjusting to and in capturing the gains from trade liberalisation.
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