OECD Trade Policy Papers

ISSN :
1816-6873 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/18166873
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected trade policy studies prepared for use within the OECD.

NB. No. 1 to No. 139 were released under the previous series title OECD Trade Policy Working Papers.

 

Trade and Innovation: Report on the Chemicals Sector You or your institution have access to this content

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Author(s):
Nobuo Kiriyama1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

Publication Date
29 Sep 2010
Bibliographic information
No.:
103
Pages
83
DOI
10.1787/5km69t4hmr6c-en

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This study analyses linkages between trade and innovation in the chemicals sector, building on past work at the OECD on trade and innovation. The chemicals sector has a long history of innovation and is a large trading item. It covers very diverse sub-sectors. This paper analyses and compares different trade and innovation linkages in basic industrial chemicals, speciality and fine chemicals and consumer chemicals. This sector has also been a subject of successive rounds of multilateral trade negotiations, and partly as a consequence tariff rates have been reduced over time. Nonetheless remaining tariffs are still non-negligible and constitute impediments to trade. Export restrictive measures on raw material inputs are also being highlighted on the trade negotiating agenda. Moreover, the chemicals sector is heavily regulated for health and environmental reasons and further legislative initiatives have been pursued, whose practical impact on innovation remains to be seen. Intellectual property has played a very important role in technology diffusion in this sector, and infringement of intellectual property continues to be a major problem.
Keywords:
Chemicals Tariff Harmonization Agreement, multilateral trade negotiations, intellectual property, environmental regulations, chemicals, emerging economies, financial crisis, technical barriers to trade, export restrictive measures, innovation
JEL Classification:
  • F13: International Economics / Trade / Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
  • F14: International Economics / Trade / Empirical Studies of Trade
  • L65: Industrial Organization / Industry Studies: Manufacturing / Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology
  • O31: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights / Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives