OECD Trade Policy Papers

Services Trade Restrictiveness, Mark-Ups and Competition
ISSN: 
1816-6873 (online)
DOI: 
10.1787/18166873
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected trade policy studies prepared for use within the OECD.

NB. No. 1 to No. 139 were released under the previous series title OECD Trade Policy Working Papers.

 
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Page: 1 (N° 194) , 2 (N° 144) , 3 (N° 94) , 4 (N° 44) | Next
Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 194   09 Nov 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jln7dlm3931-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-mark-ups-and-competition_5jln7dlm3931-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness, Mark-Ups and Competition
Dorothée Rouzet, Francesca Spinelli
This report explores the relationship between services trade policies and mark-ups at the firm level, taken as a measure of competitive pressure. Restrictive regulations are found to enable firms to charge higher mark-ups in a majority of services...
  N° 193   20 Oct 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlpl4nx0ptc-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/the-role-of-services-for-economic-performance-in-brazil_5jlpl4nx0ptc-en
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The Role of Services for Economic Performance in Brazil
Jorge Arbache, Dorothée Rouzet, Francesca Spinelli
This paper highlights the large contribution of services to the Brazilian economy and the under-exploited potential of services to sustain productivity gains and international competitiveness. The areas with the largest potential for regulatory...
  N° 192   11 Oct 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlpq80ts8f2-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/participation-in-global-value-chains-in-latin-america_5jlpq80ts8f2-en
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Participation in Global Value Chains in Latin America
Charles Cadestin, Julien Gourdon, Przemyslaw Kowalski
This paper characterises the extent of GVC participation in selected countries of Latin America. It looks deeper into certain key trade policy-related aspects of Latin American trade integration with the potential to improve GVC participation. Latin...
  N° 191   11 Oct 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlpq82v1jxw-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/using-foreign-factors-to-enhance-domestic-export-performance_5jlpq82v1jxw-en
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Using Foreign Factors to Enhance Domestic Export Performance
Javier Lopez Gonzalez
A country or firm's position in the value chain will largely depend on its comparative advantage, and therefore the mix of skills and resource endowments it brings to international production. For some, this might initially involve specialising in...
  N° 190   07 July 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlvc7sb5s8w-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/global-value-chains-and-trade-in-value-added-an-initial-assessment-of-the-impact-on-jobs-and-productivity_5jlvc7sb5s8w-en
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Global Value Chains and Trade in Value-Added: An Initial Assessment of the Impact on Jobs and Productivity
OECD
This paper contributes to a better understanding of the impact of global value chains (GVCs) on jobs and productivity by providing new evidence on employment embodied in value-added trade flows. Linking jobs data to the Trade in Value-Added (TiVA)...
  N° 189   13 May 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlz9z022plp-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index_5jlz9z022plp-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): The Trade Effect of Regulatory Differences
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås
This paper presents indices of regulatory heterogeneity based on the rich information in the STRI regulatory database. The indices are built from assessing – for each country pair and each measure – whether or not the countries have the same...
  N° 188   26 Apr 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0mq86fljg-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/the-routine-content-of-occupations_5jm0mq86fljg-en
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The Routine Content Of Occupations
Luca Marcolin, Sébastien Miroudot, Mariagrazia Squicciarini
This work proposes a novel measure of the routine content of occupations, called the Routine Intensity Indicator (RII), built on data from the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) survey. The RII uses...
  N° 187   26 Apr 2016
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0mq7kr6s8-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/gvcs-jobs-and-routine-content-of-occupations_5jm0mq7kr6s8-en
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GVCs, Jobs And Routine Content Of Occupations
Luca Marcolin, Sébastien Miroudot, Mariagrazia Squicciarini
This work addresses the role of global value chains (GVCs), workforce skills, ICT, innovation and industry structure in explaining employment levels of routine and non-routine occupations. The analysis encompasses 28 OECD countries over the period...
  N° 186   02 Dec 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp6wrc2r7l-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/managing-the-minerals-sector_5jrp6wrc2r7l-en
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Managing the Minerals Sector: Implications for Trade from Peru and Colombia
Jane Korinek
Managing and regulating the extractive industries can pose substantial challenges to minerals-rich countries. Aiming to overcome the “resource curse”, some countries attempt to generate greater gains from their natural resources by using trade policy...
  N° 185   01 Oct 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrs6k35nnf1-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/water-in-the-gats_5jrs6k35nnf1-en
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Water in the GATS
Sébastien Miroudot, Kätlin Pertel
The water in the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) refers to the difference between the bound level of trade restrictiveness permitted by the GATS and the actual trade regime. Using the OECD Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI),...
  N° 184   29 Sep 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrtcr9x6c48-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/international-trade-and-investment-by-state-enterprises_5jrtcr9x6c48-en
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International Trade and Investment by State Enterprises
Przemyslaw Kowalski, Kateryna Perepechay
The recent surge in competition between state and private firms in global markets calls for a reflection on how to minimise any potentially distortionary effects on international trade and investment created by state enterprises while at the same...
  N° 183   04 Aug 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw9bwpbskk-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-logistics-services_5jrw9bwpbskk-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Logistics Services
Kazuhiro Sugie, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Sébastien Miroudot, Frederic Gonzales, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for logistics services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services...
  N° 182   26 June 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js009mzrqd4-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-global-value-chains-and-wage-income-inequality_5js009mzrqd4-en
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Trade, global value chains and wage-income inequality
Javier Lopez Gonzalez, Przemyslaw Kowalski, Pascal Achard
The rise in global value chain (GVC) participation has coincided with significant changes in the distribution of wage income both within and across countries. This paper sets out to identify the linkages between these phenomena. It shows that GVC...
  N° 181   29 May 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js0bslh9m25-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/contribution-of-trade-facilitation-measures-to-the-operation-of-supply-chains_5js0bslh9m25-en
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Contribution of Trade Facilitation Measures to the Operation of Supply Chains
Evdokia Moïsé, Silvia Sorescu
This report assesses how specific border procedures impact on the operation of supply chains and the resulting policy implications, using data from the OECD Trade Facilitation Indicators (TFIs) database and from the OECD-WTO database on...
  N° 180   01 May 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js1m6v5qd5j-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/emerging-policy-issues_5js1m6v5qd5j-en
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Emerging Policy Issues
Susan Stone, James Messent, Dorothee Flaig
Despite the predominately negative evidence of the impact of local content requirements on trade, they continue to play a significant role in trade policy. This has been particularly true since the financial crisis of 2008. The work presented here...
  N° 179   01 Apr 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js33lfw0xxn-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/participation-of-developing-countries-in-global-value-chains_5js33lfw0xxn-en
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Participation of Developing Countries in Global Value Chains
Przemyslaw Kowalski, Javier Lopez Gonzalez, Alexandros Ragoussis, Cristian Ugarte
Although global value chains (GVCs) are often considered a defining feature of the current wave of globalisation, little is known about: i) what drives GVC participation; ii) what the benefits associated to growing participation are; or iii) how...
  N° 178   06 Feb 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js6ds9b6kjb-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/the-impact-of-services-trade-restrictiveness-on-trade-flows_5js6ds9b6kjb-en
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The Impact of Services Trade Restrictiveness on Trade Flows
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper uses newly released OECD data on services trade restrictions (STRI) to analyse the relationship between services trade restrictions, cross-border trade in services and trade in downstream manufactured goods. A standard gravity model is...
  N° 177   23 Jan 2015
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js7n8wbtk9r-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri_5js7n8wbtk9r-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Scoring and Weighting Methodology
Massimo Geloso Grosso, Frederic Gonzales, Sébastien Miroudot, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Dorothée Rouzet, Asako Ueno
This paper presents the scoring and weighting methodology for calculation of the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for 18 sectors. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and...
  N° 176   04 Nov 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nd187r6-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-transport-and-courier-services_5jxt4nd187r6-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Transport and Courier Services
Massimo Geloso Grosso, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Asako Ueno, Frederic Gonzales, Iza Lejárraga, Sébastien Miroudot, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for transport and courier services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to...
  N° 175   04 Nov 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nhssd30-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-financial-services_5jxt4nhssd30-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Financial Services
Dorothée Rouzet, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Frederic Gonzales, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Iza Lejárraga, Sébastien Miroudot, Asako Ueno
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for financial services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services...
  N° 174   04 Nov 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nj4fc22-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-audio-visual-services_5jxt4nj4fc22-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Audio-visual Services
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Iza Lejárraga, Sébastien Miroudot, Frederic Gonzales, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Dorothée Rouzet, Asako Ueno
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for motion pictures, television and broadcasting and sound recording. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one...
  N° 173   04 Nov 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4njvtfbx-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-distribution-services_5jxt4njvtfbx-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Distribution Services
Asako Ueno, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Iza Lejárraga, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Sébastien Miroudot, Frederic Gonzales, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for distribution services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign...
  N° 172   04 Nov 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nk5j7xp-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-telecommunication-services_5jxt4nk5j7xp-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Telecommunication Services
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Frederic Gonzales, Iza Lejárraga, Molly Lesher, Sébastien Miroudot, Asako Ueno, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for telecommunications. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services...
  N° 171   04 Nov 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nkg9g24-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-legal-and-accounting-services_5jxt4nkg9g24-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Legal and Accounting Services
Massimo Geloso Grosso, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Frederic Gonzales, Iza Lejárraga, Sébastien Miroudot, Asako Ueno, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for the regulated professions of legal and accounting services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a...
  N° 170   04 Nov 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nnd7g5h-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-construction-architecture-and-engineering-services_5jxt4nnd7g5h-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Construction, Architecture and Engineering Services
Massimo Geloso Grosso, Iza Lejárraga, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Frederic Gonzales, Sébastien Miroudot, Asako Ueno, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for construction, architecture and engineering services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market...
  N° 169   04 Nov 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4np1pjzt-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-computer-and-related-services_5jxt4np1pjzt-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Computer and Related Services
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Frederic Gonzales, Iza Lejárraga, Sébastien Miroudot, Asako Ueno, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for computer services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services...
  N° 168   17 Oct 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxvgfn4bjf0-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/deep-provisions-in-regional-trade-agreements-how-multilateral-friendly_5jxvgfn4bjf0-en
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Deep Provisions in Regional Trade Agreements: How Multilateral-friendly?
Iza Lejárraga
Over the past decade, an increasing number of economies have resorted to regional trade agreements (RTAs) as a means to further the market-opening and rule-making agenda. In this context, this paper addresses the question as to whether and how...
  N° 167   11 Aug 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxzl5w3j3s6-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/uncovering-trade-secrets-an-empirical-assessment-of-economic-implications-of-protection-for-undisclosed-data_5jxzl5w3j3s6-en
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Uncovering Trade Secrets - An Empirical Assessment of Economic Implications of Protection for Undisclosed Data
Douglas C. Lippoldt, Mark F. Schultz
This paper takes stock of the protection of trade secrets for a sample of 37 countries, provides historical data for the period since 1985, and considers the relationship of the stringency of the protection of trade secrets to relevant economic...
  N° 166   01 Aug 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxzqqw84vmp-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/exports-and-employment-in-china-indonesia-japan-and-korea_5jxzqqw84vmp-en
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Exports and Employment in China, Indonesia, Japan and Korea
Kozo Kiyota
This paper examines the effects of exports on employment in China, Indonesia, Japan and Korea. It draws on input-output data for the period from 1995 to 2009 to estimate the effects on each industry's employment (i.e. direct effects) and on other...
  N° 165   05 Sep 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz17jtfkmzt-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-global-markets-a-differential-approach-for-services_5jz17jtfkmzt-en
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Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Global Markets: A Differential Approach for Services?
Iza Lejárraga, Humberto López Rizzo, Harald Oberhofer, Susan Stone, Ben Shepherd
This study empirically investigates key restrictions to the internationalisation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in manufacturing and across different types of services. The study explores the extent to which binding constraints faced by...
  N° 164   20 May 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz417hqk38q-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/transparency-of-export-restrictions_5jz417hqk38q-en
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Transparency of Export Restrictions
Barbara Fliess
The incidence of export taxes, prohibitions and other measures that raise export prices, limit export quantities or place conditions on exporting is on the rise. Transparency can help mitigate the negative effects of export restrictions by enabling...
  N° 163   14 Jan 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jzb6v86kz32-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/export-restrictions-on-raw-materials_5jzb6v86kz32-en
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Export Restrictions on Raw Materials
Jane Korinek
Demand for non-renewable natural resources is forecast to rise steadily over the coming decades. Underlying trends of long-term rising demand and falling supply of mineral resources will inevitably increase pressure on prices and intensify...
  N° 162   30 Jan 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz9z43w0jnw-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/approaches-to-protection-of-undisclosed-information-trade-secrets_5jz9z43w0jnw-en
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Approaches to Protection of Undisclosed Information (Trade Secrets)
Mark F. Schultz, Douglas C. Lippoldt
This paper takes stock of the available legal protection for trade secrets (undisclosed information) in a broad sample of countries. Drawing on national and international material, the paper develops and presents an indicator of the stringency of...
  N° 161   24 Dec 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3tpt2t0zs1-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-policy-implications-of-global-value-chains_5k3tpt2t0zs1-en
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Trade Policy Implications of Global Value Chains
Sébastien Miroudot, Dorothée Rouzet, Francesca Spinelli
Taking global value chains (GVCs) into account has important implications for trade policy. When production is vertically fragmented and trade in intermediate inputs is prevalent, one has to look differently at a certain number of issues. Through...
  N° 160   08 Jan 2014
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jzb95f1885l-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/connecting-local-producers-in-developing-countries-to-regional-and-global-value-chains_5jzb95f1885l-en
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Connecting Local Producers in Developing Countries to Regional and Global Value Chains
Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark, Gary Gereffi, Andrew Guinn
This report analyzes the specific factors that affect the competitiveness of developing countries in global value chains (GVCs), and how these factors differ across four major economic sectors: agriculture, extractive industries, manufacturing and...
  N° 159   19 Dec 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3v1trgnbr4-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/mapping-global-value-chains_5k3v1trgnbr4-en
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Mapping Global Value Chains
Koen De Backer, Sébastien Miroudot
World trade and production are increasingly structured around “global value chains” (GVCs). The last few years have witnessed a growing number of case studies describing at the product level how production is internationally fragmented, but there is...
  N° 158   30 July 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k437p82nxq1-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/assessing-the-trade-related-sources-of-productivity-growth-in-emerging-economies_5k437p82nxq1-en
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Assessing the Trade-Related Sources of Productivity Growth in Emerging Economies
Przemyslaw Kowalski, Max Büge
This paper contributes new empirical evidence on the relationship between productivity and international trade. This is accomplished using an econometric approach that combines input-output and productivity data, which allows a more detailed tracking...
  N° 157   15 May 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46hzqxt8jh-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/the-costs-and-challenges-of-implementing-trade-facilitation-measures_5k46hzqxt8jh-en
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The Costs and Challenges of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures
Evdokia Moïsé
This study provides data on the costs and challenges of implementing trade facilitation measures currently under negotiation in the WTO. It updates an earlier study undertaken in 2005, presenting data and insights from nine additional developing...
  N° 156   14 May 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46j0qw3z7k-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/global-value-chains-and-developing-country-employment_5k46j0qw3z7k-en
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Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment
Ben Shepherd
This paper provides a review of the available literature on global value chains (GVCs) and employment markets in developing countries. Due to the difficulty of observing intra-GVC transactions, there is very little direct empirical work on GVCs and...
  N° 155   14 May 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46j0r5xvhd-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/economics-of-export-restrictions-as-applied-to-industrial-raw-materials_5k46j0r5xvhd-en
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Economics of Export Restrictions as Applied to Industrial Raw Materials
K.C. Fung, Jane Korinek
Governments intervene in non-renewable natural resources sectors more than in many others, including through the use of export taxes and quotas. Industrial raw materials sectors are characterized by a number of specificities: production is often...
  N° 154   14 May 2013
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/global-production-networks-and-employment_5k46j0rjq9s8-en
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Global Production Networks and Employment
Ben Shepherd, Susan Stone
This paper provides evidence of the links between Global Value Chains (GVCs) and labour market outcomes, focusing on developing economies. The literature generally indicates that firms with international linkages—which we use here as a proxy for GVC...
  N° 153   14 June 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k450q9v2mg5-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/quantitative-evidence-on-transparency-in-regional-trade-agreements_5k450q9v2mg5-en
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Quantitative Evidence on Transparency in Regional Trade Agreements
Iza Lejárraga, Ben Shepherd
What influences the adoption of transparency obligations in trade agreements, and what are its effects? This paper uses a new dataset on transparency provisions in over a hundred regional trade agreements (RTAs) to provide empirical evidence of the...
  N° 152   26 June 2013
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/multilateralising-regionalism_5k44t7k99xzq-en
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Multilateralising Regionalism
Iza Lejárraga
Countries embarking on trade negotiations are not only seeking increased market access, but also, reduced market opacity. This study distils the most progressive practices for promoting regulatory transparency in over one hundred regional trade...
  N° 151   10 May 2013
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Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement
Asako Ueno
The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do...
  N° 150   23 Apr 2013
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-costs_5k47x2hjfn48-en
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Trade Costs - What Have We Learned?
Evdokia Moïsé, Florian Le Bris
Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain. These factors can be located behind the border, such as...
  N° 149   18 Apr 2013
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/different-partners-different-patterns-trade-and-labour-market-dynamics-in-brazil-s-post-liberalisation-period_5k480c265kq1-en
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Different Partners, Different Patterns: Trade and Labour Market Dynamics in Brazil's Post-Liberalisation Period
David Kupfer, Marta Castilho, Esther Dweck, Marcelo Nicoll
This paper seeks to evaluate to what extent the greater external exposure of the Brazilian economy in the past decade has contributed to the evolution of employment in the country. This investigation has been undertaken in two ways. First, the total...
  N° 148   05 Apr 2013
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/the-role-of-services-for-competitiveness-in-manufacturing_5k484xb7cx6b-en
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The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Yunhee Kim
This study analyses the relationships between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export...
  N° 147   24 Apr 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4869ckqk7l-en.pdf
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State-Owned Enterprises
Przemyslaw Kowalski, Max Büge, Monika Sztajerowska, Matias Egeland
With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. Three principal questions emerge...
  N° 146   27 Mar 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k49czl4c5kh-en.pdf
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Export Restrictions
Osvaldo R. Agatiello, Barbara Fliess
Recent years have witnessed an ever-increasing resort to export restrictions in the markets for raw materials, causing heightened uncertainty about supply availability together with friction among trading partners. Poor transparency can amplify and...
  N° 145   01 Mar 2013
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4bw6twpf24-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/mineral-resource-trade-in-chile_5k4bw6twpf24-en
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Mineral Resource Trade in Chile
Jane Korinek
Mineral resources present a formidable source of wealth but a formidable challenge to regulate in order to maximize social welfare from their extraction. Some resource-rich countries, such as Chile, have been successful in developing their economies...
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