OECD Trade Policy Papers

Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Transport and Courier Services
ISSN :
1816-6873 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/18166873
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected trade policy studies prepared for use within the OECD.

NB. No. 1 to No. 139 were released under the previous series title OECD Trade Policy Working Papers.

 
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Page: 1 (N° 176) , 2 (N° 126) , 3 (N° 76) , 4 (N° 25) | Next
Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 176   04 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nd187r6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-transport-and-courier-services_5jxt4nd187r6-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Transport and Courier Services
Massimo Geloso Grosso, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Asako Ueno, Frederic Gonzales, Iza Lejárraga, Sébastien Miroudot, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for transport and courier services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services providers. The indices are...
  N° 175   04 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nhssd30.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-financial-services_5jxt4nhssd30-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Financial Services
Dorothée Rouzet, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Frederic Gonzales, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Iza Lejárraga, Sébastien Miroudot, Asako Ueno
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for financial services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services providers. The indices are calculated for 40...
  N° 174   04 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nj4fc22.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-audio-visual-services_5jxt4nj4fc22-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Audio-visual Services
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Iza Lejárraga, Sébastien Miroudot, Frederic Gonzales, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Dorothée Rouzet, Asako Ueno
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for motion pictures, television and broadcasting and sound recording. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign...
  N° 173   04 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4njvtfbx.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-distribution-services_5jxt4njvtfbx-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Distribution Services
Asako Ueno, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Iza Lejárraga, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Sébastien Miroudot, Frederic Gonzales, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for distribution services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services providers. The indices are calculated for...
  N° 172   04 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nk5j7xp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-telecommunication-services_5jxt4nk5j7xp-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Telecommunication Services
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Frédéric Gonzales, Iza Lejárraga, Molly Lesher, Sébastien Miroudot, Asako Ueno, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for telecommunications. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services providers. The indices are calculated for 40...
  N° 171   04 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nkg9g24.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-legal-and-accounting-services_5jxt4nkg9g24-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Legal and Accounting Services
Massimo Geloso Grosso, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Frédéric Gonzales, Iza Lejárraga, Sébastien Miroudot, Asako Ueno, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for the regulated professions of legal and accounting services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services...
  N° 170   04 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4nnd7g5h.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-construction-architecture-and-engineering-services_5jxt4nnd7g5h-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Construction, Architecture and Engineering Services
Massimo Geloso Grosso, Iza Lejárraga, Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Frédéric Gonzales, Sébastien Miroudot, Asako Ueno, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for construction, architecture and engineering services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services providers....
  N° 169   04 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt4np1pjzt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index-stri-computer-and-related-services_5jxt4np1pjzt-en
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Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Computer and Related Services
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Massimo Geloso Grosso, Frédéric Gonzales, Iza Lejárraga, Sébastien Miroudot, Asako Ueno, Dorothée Rouzet
This paper presents the services trade restrictiveness indices (STRIs) for computer services. The STRIs are composite indices taking values between zero and one, zero representing an open market and one a market completely closed to foreign services providers. The indices are calculated for 40...
  N° 168   17 Oct 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxvgfn4bjf0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/deep-provisions-in-regional-trade-agreements-how-multilateral-friendly_5jxvgfn4bjf0-en
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Deep Provisions in Regional Trade Agreements: How Multilateral-friendly?
Iza Lejárraga
Over the past decade, an increasing number of economies have resorted to regional trade agreements (RTAs) as a means to further the market-opening and rule-making agenda. In this context, this paper addresses the question as to whether and how selected elements of RTAs could be used as...
  N° 167   11 Aug 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxzl5w3j3s6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/uncovering-trade-secrets-an-empirical-assessment-of-economic-implications-of-protection-for-undisclosed-data_5jxzl5w3j3s6-en
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Uncovering Trade Secrets - An Empirical Assessment of Economic Implications of Protection for Undisclosed Data
Douglas C. Lippoldt, Mark F. Schultz
This paper takes stock of the protection of trade secrets for a sample of 37 countries, provides historical data for the period since 1985, and considers the relationship of the stringency of the protection of trade secrets to relevant economic performance indicators. The paper finds that there...
  N° 166   01 Aug 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxzqqw84vmp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/exports-and-employment-in-china-indonesia-japan-and-korea_5jxzqqw84vmp-en
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Exports and Employment in China, Indonesia, Japan and Korea
Kozo Kiyota
This paper examines the effects of exports on employment in China, Indonesia, Japan and Korea. It draws on input-output data for the period from 1995 to 2009 to estimate the effects on each industry's employment (i.e. direct effects) and on other industries' employment through intra-industry...
  N° 165   05 Sep 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz17jtfkmzt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-global-markets-a-differential-approach-for-services_5jz17jtfkmzt-en
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Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Global Markets: A Differential Approach for Services?
Iza Lejárraga, Humberto López Rizzo, Harald Oberhofer, Susan Stone, Ben Shepherd
This study empirically investigates key restrictions to the internationalisation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in manufacturing and across different types of services. The study explores the extent to which binding constraints faced by SMEs producing goods may differ from small...
  N° 164   20 May 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz417hqk38q.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/transparency-of-export-restrictions_5jz417hqk38q-en
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Transparency of Export Restrictions
Barbara Fliess
The incidence of export taxes, prohibitions and other measures that raise export prices, limit export quantities or place conditions on exporting is on the rise. Transparency can help mitigate the negative effects of export restrictions by enabling affected stakeholders to better understand and...
  N° 163   14 Jan 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jzb6v86kz32.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/export-restrictions-on-raw-materials_5jzb6v86kz32-en
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Export Restrictions on Raw Materials
Jane Korinek
Demand for non-renewable natural resources is forecast to rise steadily over the coming decades. Underlying trends of long-term rising demand and falling supply of mineral resources will inevitably increase pressure on prices and intensify competition for scarce resources. This can create a...
  N° 162   30 Jan 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz9z43w0jnw.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/approaches-to-protection-of-undisclosed-information-trade-secrets_5jz9z43w0jnw-en
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Approaches to Protection of Undisclosed Information (Trade Secrets)
Mark F. Schultz, Douglas C. Lippoldt
This paper takes stock of the available legal protection for trade secrets (undisclosed information) in a broad sample of countries. Drawing on national and international material, the paper develops and presents an indicator of the stringency of protection of trade secrets (the Trade Secrets...
  N° 161   24 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3tpt2t0zs1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-policy-implications-of-global-value-chains_5k3tpt2t0zs1-en
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Trade Policy Implications of Global Value Chains
Sébastien Miroudot, Dorothée Rouzet, Francesca Spinelli
Taking global value chains (GVCs) into account has important implications for trade policy. When production is vertically fragmented and trade in intermediate inputs is prevalent, one has to look differently at a certain number of issues. Through case studies, this paper provides new evidence...
  N° 160   08 Jan 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jzb95f1885l.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/connecting-local-producers-in-developing-countries-to-regional-and-global-value-chains_5jzb95f1885l-en
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Connecting Local Producers in Developing Countries to Regional and Global Value Chains
Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark, Gary Gereffi, Andrew Guinn
This report analyzes the specific factors that affect the competitiveness of developing countries in global value chains (GVCs), and how these factors differ across four major economic sectors: agriculture, extractive industries, manufacturing and offshore services. Although integration into...
  N° 159   19 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3v1trgnbr4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/mapping-global-value-chains_5k3v1trgnbr4-en
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Mapping Global Value Chains
Koen De Backer, Sébastien Miroudot
World trade and production are increasingly structured around "global value chains" (GVCs). The last few years have witnessed a growing number of case studies describing at the product level how production is internationally fragmented, but there is little evidence at the aggregate level on the...
  N° 158   30 July 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k437p82nxq1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/assessing-the-trade-related-sources-of-productivity-growth-in-emerging-economies_5k437p82nxq1-en
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Assessing the Trade-Related Sources of Productivity Growth in Emerging Economies
Przemyslaw Kowalski, Max Büge
This paper contributes new empirical evidence on the relationship between productivity and international trade. This is accomplished using an econometric approach that combines input-output and productivity data, which allows a more detailed tracking of the relationship between trade in...
  N° 157   15 May 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46hzqxt8jh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/the-costs-and-challenges-of-implementing-trade-facilitation-measures_5k46hzqxt8jh-en
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The Costs and Challenges of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures
Evdokia Moïsé
This study provides data on the costs and challenges of implementing trade facilitation measures currently under negotiation in the WTO. It updates an earlier study undertaken in 2005, presenting data and insights from nine additional developing countries. The study confirms earlier findings...
  N° 156   14 May 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46j0qw3z7k.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/global-value-chains-and-developing-country-employment_5k46j0qw3z7k-en
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Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment
Ben Shepherd
This paper provides a review of the available literature on global value chains (GVCs) and employment markets in developing countries. Due to the difficulty of observing intra-GVC transactions, there is very little direct empirical work on GVCs and labour markets. However, it is possible to...
  N° 155   14 May 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46j0r5xvhd.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/economics-of-export-restrictions-as-applied-to-industrial-raw-materials_5k46j0r5xvhd-en
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Economics of Export Restrictions as Applied to Industrial Raw Materials
K.C. Fung, Jane Korinek
Governments intervene in non-renewable natural resources sectors more than in many others, including through the use of export taxes and quotas. Industrial raw materials sectors are characterized by a number of specificities: production is often geographically concentrated, firms are often...
  N° 154   14 May 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46j0rjq9s8.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/global-production-networks-and-employment_5k46j0rjq9s8-en
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Global Production Networks and Employment
Ben Shepherd, Susan Stone
This paper provides evidence of the links between Global Value Chains (GVCs) and labour market outcomes, focusing on developing economies. The literature generally indicates that firms with international linkages—which we use here as a proxy for GVC involvement—tend to employ more workers, pay...
  N° 153   14 June 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k450q9v2mg5.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/quantitative-evidence-on-transparency-in-regional-trade-agreements_5k450q9v2mg5-en
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Quantitative Evidence on Transparency in Regional Trade Agreements
Iza Lejárraga, Ben Shepherd
What influences the adoption of transparency obligations in trade agreements, and what are its effects? This paper uses a new dataset on transparency provisions in over a hundred regional trade agreements (RTAs) to provide empirical evidence of the political economy determinants of...
  N° 152   26 June 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k44t7k99xzq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/multilateralising-regionalism_5k44t7k99xzq-en
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Multilateralising Regionalism
Iza Lejárraga
Countries embarking on trade negotiations are not only seeking increased market access, but also, reduced market opacity. This study distils the most progressive practices for promoting regulatory transparency in over one hundred regional trade agreements (RTAs) concluded by OECD and large...
  N° 151   10 May 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46l8vvq2np.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/multilateralising-regionalism-on-government-procurement_5k46l8vvq2np-en
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Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement
Asako Ueno
The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This...
  N° 150   23 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k47x2hjfn48.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-costs_5k47x2hjfn48-en
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Trade Costs - What Have We Learned?
Evdokia Moïsé, Florian Le Bris
Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain. These factors can be located behind the border, such as non-tariff regulatory measures, market access...
  N° 149   18 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k480c265kq1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/different-partners-different-patterns-trade-and-labour-market-dynamics-in-brazil-s-post-liberalisation-period_5k480c265kq1-en
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Different Partners, Different Patterns: Trade and Labour Market Dynamics in Brazil's Post-Liberalisation Period
David Kupfer, Marta Castilho, Esther Dweck, Marcelo Nicoll
This paper seeks to evaluate to what extent the greater external exposure of the Brazilian economy in the past decade has contributed to the evolution of employment in the country. This investigation has been undertaken in two ways. First, the total employment variation was decomposed in order...
  N° 148   05 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k484xb7cx6b.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/the-role-of-services-for-competitiveness-in-manufacturing_5k484xb7cx6b-en
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The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås, Yunhee Kim
This study analyses the relationships between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade. The density of...
  N° 147   24 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4869ckqk7l.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/state-owned-enterprises_5k4869ckqk7l-en
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State-Owned Enterprises
Przemyslaw Kowalski, Max Büge, Monika Sztajerowska,
With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. Three principal questions emerge from the international trade perspective: (1)...
  N° 146   27 Mar 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k49czl4c5kh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/export-restrictions_5k49czl4c5kh-en
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Export Restrictions
Osvaldo R. Agatiello, Barbara Fliess
Recent years have witnessed an ever-increasing resort to export restrictions in the markets for raw materials, causing heightened uncertainty about supply availability together with friction among trading partners. Poor transparency can amplify and compound the effects of restrictive trade...
  N° 145   01 Mar 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4bw6twpf24.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/mineral-resource-trade-in-chile_5k4bw6twpf24-en
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Mineral Resource Trade in Chile
Jane Korinek
Mineral resources present a formidable source of wealth but a formidable challenge to regulate in order to maximize social welfare from their extraction. Some resource-rich countries, such as Chile, have been successful in developing their economies and managing their revenue streams...
  N° 144   04 Mar 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4bw6kg6ws2.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-facilitation-indicators_5k4bw6kg6ws2-en
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Trade Facilitation Indicators
Evdokia Moïsé, Silvia Sorescu
This report presents the findings of the OECD indicators for assessing the impact of specific trade facilitation measures on developing countries’ trade. Sixteen trade facilitation indicators (TFIs) have been constructed, corresponding to the main policy areas under negotiation at the WTO, with...
  N° 143   07 Feb 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4c6spvddwj.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-and-labour-market-adjustment_5k4c6spvddwj-en
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Trade and Labour Market Adjustment
Susan Stone, Patricia Sourdin, Clarisse Legendre
While it is widely accepted that there are adjustment costs associated with the reallocation of resources in response to freer trade, in most models these costs are assumed to be very small. However, more recent evidence is casting doubt on this assumption. This paper develops a unique dataset...
  N° 142   31 Jan 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4c9kwfdx8r.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/estimating-the-constraints-to-agricultural-trade-of-developing-countries_5k4c9kwfdx8r-en
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Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries
Evdokia Moïsé, Claire Delpeuch, Silvia Sorescu, Novella Bottini, Arthur Foch
Agricultural trade is widely considered as an important contributor to developing countries‘ economic growth, poverty alleviation and food security. This report identifies and analyses some of the most important supply-side constraints to developing countries‘ exports of agricultural products,...
  N° 141   10 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8xbn83xtmr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/regulatory-transparency-in-multilateral-agreements-controlling-exports-of-tropical-timber-e-waste-and-conflict-diamonds_5k8xbn83xtmr-en
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Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds
OECD
Export restrictions can be problematic if trading partners question either their conformity with international obligations or their possibly unintended negative impacts on others. Regulatory transparency can help. This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs)...
  N° 140   05 Oct 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k91gdmdjbtc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/taking-stock-of-measures-restricting-the-export-of-raw-materials_5k91gdmdjbtc-en
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Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials
Barbara Fliess, Tarja Mård
Governments appear increasingly inclined to resort to border and domestic measures that restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some...
  N° 139   29 June 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k962hf7hfnr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/multilateralising-regionalism_5k962hf7hfnr-en
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Multilateralising Regionalism: Disciplines on Export Restrictions in Regional Trade Agreements
Jane Korinek, Jessica Bartos
The proliferation of preferential trade agreements has posed challenges for the multilateral trading system. But regional trade agreements (RTAs) also allow countries to develop and strengthen trade disciplines beyond what is possible at the multilateral level. In some instances, RTAs explore...
  N° 138   27 June 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k97785rddxv.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/the-oecd-regulatory-reform-review-of-indonesia_5k97785rddxv-en
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The OECD Regulatory Reform Review of Indonesia
Molly Lesher
This paper focuses on the market openness aspects of regulatory reform in Indonesia to devise recommendations for improving the country’s regulatory processes. These recommendations involve institutionalising independent and objective evaluations of policies from an economy-wide perspective, as...
  N° 137   29 Mar 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9csf8jftbt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-employment-and-structural-change_5k9csf8jftbt-en
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Trade, Employment and Structural Change
Greg Thompson, Tim Murray, Patrick Jomini
International trade produces income gains across the world by facilitating an efficient allocation of production among trading countries. However, increased trade exposure also creates some challenges, and there are adjustment costs associated with changing trade patterns. Effective...
  N° 136   22 Mar 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9cvpldq533.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-effects-of-exchange-rates-and-their-volatility-chile-and-new-zealand_5k9cvpldq533-en
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Trade Effects of Exchange Rates and their Volatility: Chile and New Zealand
Marilyne Huchet-Bourdon, Jane Korinek
Trade deficits and surpluses are sometimes attributed to intentionally low or high exchange rate levels. The impact of exchange rate levels on trade has been much debated but the large body of existing empirical literature does not suggest an unequivocally clear picture of the trade impacts of...
  N° 135   20 Jan 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9gwprtbtxn.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-and-innovation_5k9gwprtbtxn-en
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Trade and Innovation
Nobuo Kiriyama
Innovation is critical to creating new sources of growth. Trade is one of the framework conditions that can strengthen innovation in the business sector, as set out in the OECD Innovation Strategy in 2010. This paper broadly sets out three channels through which trade affects innovation. First,...
  N° 134   31 Oct 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg3h0gcjkf1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/openness-wage-gaps-and-unions-in-chile_5kg3h0gcjkf1-en
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Openness, Wage Gaps and Unions in Chile
Jorge Friedman, Nanno Mulder, Sebastián Faúndez, Esteban Pérez Caldentey, Carlos Yévenes, Mario Velásquez, Fernando Baizán, Gerhard Reinecke
This paper examines the relationship between wages and levels of trade and FDI openness in twenty-nine sectors of the Chilean economy. Over the last four decades, this country almost fully liberalized its trade and foreign direct investment, which accelerated growth of flows in both areas and...
  N° 133   19 Oct 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg3nh4jlv0x.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/employment-and-the-political-economy-of-trade_5kg3nh4jlv0x-en
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Employment and the Political Economy of Trade
Craig VanGrasstek
The aims of this paper are to review the main schools of thought on the political economy of trade and employment, to review the empirical evidence supporting these schools, and to consider the implications for public policy. Special emphasis is given to the potential costs of liberalization...
  N° 132   19 Oct 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg3nh4xwxr0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/a-literature-review-on-trade-and-informal-labour-markets-in-developing-countries_5kg3nh4xwxr0-en
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A Literature Review on Trade and Informal Labour Markets in Developing Countries
Laura Munro
This report provides a summary of the literature on the relationship between trade and informality in developing countries, with an emphasis on the BRIICS. While main conclusions of the ILO and WTO (2009) literature review are highlighted, the report focuses on additional and more recent...
  N° 131   24 Feb 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9ffbqlvk0r.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/effects-of-nafta-on-us-employment-and-policy-responses_5k9ffbqlvk0r-en
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Effects of NAFTA on US Employment and Policy Responses
Christopher J. O’Leary, Randall W. Eberts, Brian M. Pittelko
The signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was a contentious event in United States (US) politics, in particular with respect to public views about the possible labour market effects. This paper is structured as follows. First, we provide background on the political debate...
  N° 130   19 Oct 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg3nh58nvq1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/agricultural-trade-and-employment-in-south-africa_5kg3nh58nvq1-en
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Agricultural Trade and Employment in South Africa
Ron Sandrey, Cecilia Punt, Hans Grinsted Jensen, Nick Vink
This report provides an overview of policy changes in South African agriculture over the past three decades, and of some of the associated impacts on output, trade patterns and employment. In agriculture, the story is one of widespread substitution of labour for capital. While the sector has...
  N° 129   19 Oct 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg3nh5q7p5k.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-and-occupational-employment-in-mexico-since-nafta_5kg3nh5q7p5k-en
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Trade and Occupational Employment in Mexico since NAFTA
Raymundo Miguel Campos-Vázquez, José Antonio Rodríguez-López
We analyze the effects of trade liberalization on Mexican employment at an occupational level for the period from 1992 to 2009, ranking occupations by skill level. We find that the reduction in trade costs associated with Mexico's entry to NAFTA is related to larger employment expansions in...
  N° 128   20 Oct 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg3n19538tj.pdf
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Exporting, Employment, and Skill Upgrading
Chin Hee Hahn, Chang-Gyun Park
This paper examines the role of exports in skill upgrading in the Korean manufacturing sector during the 1990s utilizing a unique plant-level panel data set. The empirical results indicate the important role of exports on relative employment on skilled versus unskilled workers. The main...
  N° 127   19 Oct 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg3nh62jg0x.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/trade/trade-and-employment-in-japan_5kg3nh62jg0x-en
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Trade and Employment in Japan
Kozo Kiyota
In light of the importance of the relationship between trade and employment in Japan, this paper examines the effects of exports on employment (i.e. the number of workers), working-hours, and total worker-hours (i.e. employment times working-hours). This paper utilized the Japanese input-output...
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