OECD Trade Policy Papers

ISSN: 
1816-6873 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/18166873
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected trade policy studies prepared for use within the OECD.

NB. No. 1 to No. 139 were released under the previous series title OECD Trade Policy Working Papers.

 

GVCs, Jobs And Routine Content Of Occupations You or your institution have access to this content

English
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Author(s):
Luca Marcolin1, Sébastien Miroudot1, Mariagrazia Squicciarini1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

26 Apr 2016
Bibliographic information
No.:
187
Pages:
46
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5jm0mq7kr6s8-en

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This work addresses the role of global value chains (GVCs), workforce skills, ICT, innovation and industry structure in explaining employment levels of routine and non-routine occupations. The analysis encompasses 28 OECD countries over the period 2000-2011. It relies on a new country-specific measure of routine intensity built using individual-level information from the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) survey, as well as on new industry-level Trade in Value Added (TiVA) indicators of offshoring and domestic outsourcing. The results suggest that employment in all types of occupations positively relate to innovation. With respect to offshoring patterns, a positive correlation is observed between the offshoring of inputs and domestic outsourcing with more routine-intensive jobs. Taken together, the results point to the existence of complex interactions between the routine content of occupations, skills, technology and trade, which do not allow for a neat identification of “winners” and “losers” in a GVC context.
Keywords:
outsourcing, technology, global value chains, offshoring, employment
JEL Classification:
  • F16: International Economics / Trade / Trade and Labor Market Interactions
  • F23: International Economics / International Factor Movements and International Business / Multinational Firms ; International Business
  • J24: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demand and Supply of Labor / Human Capital ; Skills ; Occupational Choice ; Labor Productivity
  • O33: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights / Technological Change: Choices and Consequences ; Diffusion Processes
 
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