OECD Trade and Environment Working Papers

ISSN :
1816-6881 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/18166881
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Selected studies addressing the policy interface between trade and environment prepared for use within the OECD. They address such issues a liberalizing trade in goods that affect the environment, and trade in environmental goods and services.
 

Achieving the Successful Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies

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Author(s):
Cristina T├ębar Less, Steven McMillan
Publication Date
25 Aug 2005
Bibliographic information
No:
2005/02
Pages
38
DOI
10.1787/308662648512

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This report examines factors that have proven helpful in achieving the successful transfer of environmentally sound technologies (EST) to developing countries. It provides an overview of the main issues lying behind trade-related aspects of EST transfers. It then briefly examines the main channels for the transfer of such technologies and the factors which are relevant to technology transfer in general, and to EST transfer in particular. It concludes with a summary of conditions for successful EST transfers which seem to be particularly relevant in the context of trade. These include government regulation and marketbased instruments, trade-related policies and practices, intellectual property rights, capacity, and financing. The report is based on the extensive literature dealing with technology transfer in general, and EST transfer specifically, and on empirical work summarised in a range of case studies.
Keywords:
environmentally sound technologies, technology transfer, developing countries, trade
JEL Classification:
  • F18: International Economics / Trade / Trade and Environment
  • O33: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights / Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
  • Q56: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth