- 15 Feb 2012
- DOI :
Canada: The equalisation reformClick to Access:
- Pages :
- DOI :
In 2007, the Canadian government reformed its federal-provincial fiscal equalisation system. Equalisation was simplified, the distribution formula overhauled, and total equalisation payments were no longer subject to a cap. The national fiscal capacity standard was redefined, including a new assessment of provincial revenues from natural resources. The reform, considered as one of the farthest-reaching since the inception of the scheme in 1957, was meant to appease some long-lasting controversy between the federal government and the provinces as well as among the provinces (). Overall, it led to considerable spending increases for the federal government, in large part driven by the interaction of the new formula with record oil prices. After the financial and economic crisis struck in 2008, the reform was revisited and total federal equalisation payments were again submitted to a ceiling.