- 1815-2015 (online)
The Role of Fiscal Policies in Health Promotion
- Franco Sassi1, Annalisa Belloni1, Chiara Capobianco1
- Author Affiliations
- 1: OECD, France
- 11 Dec 2013
- Bibliographic information
This paper provides a review of the theoretical arguments and empirical evidence on the key factors that governments must address when considering the adoption of fiscal measures for health promotion, highlighting the strengths, as well as the limitations and pitfalls, of specific measures. The main focus of this paper is on taxes on health-related commodities, although a range of other fiscal measures may potentially be used in health promotion.
Existing evidence of effects on consumption and health outcomes points to the conclusion that taxes on healthrelated commodities can be a powerful tool for health promotion, although the variety and complexity of the effects they generate require careful consideration by policy makers who intend to adopt new taxes or reform existing ones. The arguments in support of taxes being used to attain public health objectives are strong for tobacco products and alcoholic beverages, but less clear-cut for foods, in which case the value of using taxes is highly dependent on their design and on the context in which they would be applied.
- JEL Classification:
- H2: Public Economics / Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
- I18: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / Government Policy ; Regulation ; Public Health
- I31: Health, Education, and Welfare / Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty / General Welfare, Well-Being
- Q18: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Agriculture / Agricultural Policy ; Food Policy