Social protection

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Social protection is a measure of the extent to which countries assume responsibility for supporting the standard of living of disadvantaged or vulnerable groups. Benefits may be targeted at low-income households, the elderly, disabled, sick, unemployed, or young persons. Social spending comprises cash benefits, direct in-kind provision of goods and services, and tax breaks with social purposes. To be considered "social", programmes have to involve either redistribution of resources across households or compulsory participation.

Also available in French
Keywords:  expenditure, benefit, maternity leave, assistance, support, social, households, spending, transfer, income support, pensions

Public unemployment spending You or your institution have access to this content


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Public unemployment spending is defined as expenditure on cash benefits for people to compensate for unemployment. This includes redundancy payments from public funds, as well as the payment of pensions to beneficiaries before they reach the standard pensionable age, if these payments are made because the beneficiaries are out of work or for other labour market policy reasons. This indicator is measured in percentage of GDP.

Also available in French
Keywords:  cash expenditures, labour market, wage, unemployed, social spending, unemployment, replacement income, benefits
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