Social protection

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Social protection is a measure of the extent to which countries assume responsibility for supporting the standard of living of disadvantaged or vulnerable groups. Benefits may be targeted at low-income households, the elderly, disabled, sick, unemployed, or young persons. Social spending comprises cash benefits, direct in-kind provision of goods and services, and tax breaks with social purposes. To be considered "social", programmes have to involve either redistribution of resources across households or compulsory participation.

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Keywords:  expenditure, benefit, maternity leave, assistance, support, social, households, spending, transfer, income support, pensions

Public spending on incapacity You or your institution have access to this content


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Public spending on incapacity refers to spending due to sickness, disability and occupational injury. It includes disability cash benefits that are comprised of cash payments on account of complete or partial inability to participate gainfully in the labour market due to disability. The disability may be congenital, or the result of an accident or illness during the victim’s lifetime. It also includes spending on occupational injury and disease, which records all cash payments such as paid sick leave, special allowances and disability related payments such as pensions, if they are related to specific occupational injuries and diseases. Sickness cash benefits related to loss of earnings because of a temporary inability to work due to illness are also recorded. This indicator excludes paid leave related to sickness or injury of a dependent child which is recorded under family cash benefits. Social expenditure on services for the disabled people encompasses services such as day care and rehabilitation services, home-help services and other benefits in kind. This indicator is measured in percentage of GDP.

Also available in French
Keywords:  accident, occupational injury, expenditure, injury, payments, social, care services, employee, disability, sickness
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