Health resources

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Health resources includes financial resources (health spending) and human resources. Health spending measures the consumption of health services and goods, including outpatient care, hospital care, long-term care, pharmaceuticals and other medical goods, prevention and public health services, and administration. Health human resources, including doctors and nurses obviously, play a vital role in delivering health services.

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Keywords:  health resources, medical graduates, health expenditure, health spending, nursing graduates, pharmaceutical

Pharmaceutical spending You or your institution have access to this content


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Pharmaceutical spending covers expenditure on prescription medicines and self-medication, often referred to as over-the-counter products. In some countries, other medical non-durable goods are also included. Pharmaceuticals consumed in hospitals and other health care settings are excluded. Final expenditure on pharmaceuticals includes wholesale and retail margins and value-added tax. Total pharmaceutical spending refers in most countries to “net” spending, i.e. adjusted for possible rebates payable by manufacturers, wholesalers or pharmacies. This indicator is measured as a share of total health spending, in USD per capita (using economy-wide PPPs) and as a share of GDP.

Also available in French
Keywords:  prescriptions, medicines, pharmacists, spending, expenditure, medical, self-medication, hospital, Pharmaceuticals
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