OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers

Mental Health and Work
ISSN :
1815-199X (online)
DOI :
10.1787/1815199x
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected labour market, social policy and migration studies prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language - English or French - with a summary in the other.
 
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Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 161   20 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxsvvn6pq6g.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/mental-health-and-work_5jxsvvn6pq6g-en
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Mental Health and Work
Iris Arends, Niklas Baer, Veerle Miranda, Christopher Prinz, Shruti Singh
Mental ill-health can lead to poor work performance, high sickness absence and reduced labour market participation, resulting in considerable costs for society. Improving labour market participation of people with mental health problems requires well-integrated policies and services across the...
  N° 160   07 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxt2t3nnjr5.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/a-new-profile-of-migrants-in-the-aftermath-of-the-recent-economic-crisis_5jxt2t3nnjr5-en
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A New Profile of Migrants in the Aftermath of the Recent Economic Crisis
Cansin Arslan, Jean-Christophe Dumont, Zovanga Kone, Yasser Moullan, Caglar Ozden, Christopher Parsons, Theodora Xenogiani
Growing international migration and diverse characteristics of migrant populations make internationally comparable high-quality data on migrants essential. Regular update of these data is crucial to capture the changes in size and composition of migrant populations. This document presents the...
  N° 146   08 Aug 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxzmjrqvntf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/an-evaluation-of-international-surveys-of-children_5jxzmjrqvntf-en
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An Evaluation of International Surveys of Children
Dominic Richardson, Nabil Ali
This report evaluates sources of international child well-being data to assess their suitability for supplementing national and transnational data sources to inform policy. The review of the leading surveys of children (and surveys of households with children) summarises the information...
  N° 157   11 July 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz13wllxgzt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/changes-in-family-policies-and-outcomes-is-there-convergence_5jz13wllxgzt-en
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Changes in Family Policies and Outcomes: Is there Convergence?
Willem Adema, Nabil Ali, Olivier Thévenon
This paper presents new information on trends in family and child outcomes and policies over the past decades, in order to assess whether there has been any convergence over time across OECD and EU countries. Important drivers of population structure such as life expectancy and fertility rates...
  N° 156   02 June 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz2fnj84vd4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/retour-a-l-emploi-des-chomeurs-seniors-francais-ayant-beneficie-d-un-accompagnement-renforce-vers-l-emploi-en-2009-et-2010_5jz2fnj84vd4-fr
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Retour à l'emploi des chômeurs seniors français ayant bénéficié d'un accompagnement renforcé vers l'emploi en 2009 et 2010
Gwenn Parent
Cet article étudie les perspectives de retour à l’emploi en France à l’issue de dispositifs d’accompagnement renforcé délivrés par Pôle emploi ou des opérateurs privés en 2009 et 2010, selon l’âge des bénéficiaires. Ces dispositifs d’accompagnement renforcé sont distincts de l’accompagnement renforcé introduit à partir de 2013 dans la nouvelle...
  N° 159   15 May 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz43jhlz87f.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/trends-in-top-incomes-and-their-taxation-in-oecd-countries_5jz43jhlz87f-en
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Trends in Top Incomes and their Taxation in OECD Countries
Michael Förster, Ana Llena-Nozal, Vahé Nafilyan
The shares of top income recipients in total pre-tax income have increased in OECD countries in the past three decades, particularly in most of the English-speaking countries but also in some Nordic (from low levels) and Southern European countries. Today, the richest one percent receives...
  N° 158   13 May 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jz44fdfjm7j.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/skills-at-work-how-skills-and-their-use-matter-in-the-labour-market_5jz44fdfjm7j-en
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Skills at Work: How Skills and their Use Matter in the Labour Market
Glenda Quintini
Human capital is key for economic growth. Not only is it linked to aggregate economic performance but also to each individual’s labour market outcomes. However, a skilled population is not enough to achieve high and inclusive growth, as skills need to be put into productive use at work....
  N° 154   28 Jan 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jzbb2t1rcwc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/same-but-different-school-to-work-transitions-in-emerging-and-advanced-economies_5jzbb2t1rcwc-en
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Same Same but Different: School-to-work Transitions in Emerging and Advanced Economies
Glenda Quintini, Sébastien Martin
Improving school-to-work transitions and ensuring better career opportunities for youth after labour market entrance are common goals in emerging and advanced economies as they can contribute to raising the productive potential of the economy and to increasing social cohesion. However, the...
  N° 155   09 Jan 2014 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jzb8p51gvhl.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/migration-as-an-adjustment-mechanism-in-the-crisis-a-comparison-of-europe-and-the-united-states_5jzb8p51gvhl-en
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Migration as an Adjustment Mechanism in the Crisis? A Comparison of Europe and the United States
Julia Jauer, Thomas Liebig, John P. Martin, Patrick Puhani
The question of whether migration can be an equilibrating force in the labour market is an important criterion for an optimal currency area. It is of particular interest currently in the context of high and rising levels of labour market disparities, in particular within the Eurozone where...
  N° 153   19 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3tpt04lcnt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/a-new-measure-of-skills-mismatch_5k3tpt04lcnt-en
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A New Measure of Skills Mismatch
Michele Pellizzari, Anne Fichen
This paper proposes a new measure of skills mismatch that combines information about skill proficiency, self-reported mismatch and skill use. The theoretical foundations underling this measure allow identifying minimum and maximum skill requirements for each occupation and to classify workers...
  N° 136   10 Oct 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k3xwtg6zknq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-dynamics-of-social-assistance-benefit-receipt-in-germany_5k3xwtg6zknq-en
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The Dynamics of Social Assistance Benefit Receipt in Germany
Sebastian Königs
In this paper, we study the dynamics of social assistance benefit receipt in Germany using annual survey data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) for the years 1995-2011. Rates of benefit receipt were stable in Germany at around 8% in the 1990s but started rising in 2001 to peak at over...
  N° 152   23 Sep 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k408hxxg20x.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/catastrophic-job-destruction_5k408hxxg20x-en
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Catastrophic Job Destruction
Anabela Carneiro, Pedro Portugal, Jose Varejão
In this article we study the resilience of the Portuguese labor market, in terms of job flows, employment and wage developments, in the context of the current recession. We single out the huge contribution of job destruction, especially due to the closing of existing firms, to the dramatic...
  N° 149   05 Sep 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k40k706tmtb.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/a-bird-s-eye-view-of-gender-differences-in-education-in-oecd-countries_5k40k706tmtb-en
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A Bird's Eye View of Gender Differences in Education in OECD Countries
Angelica Salvi del Pero, Alexandra Bytchkova
This paper presents an overview of gender differences in education outcomes in OECD countries. A rich set of indicators describes the improvement of educational attainment among women over the past decades, and various dimensions of male under-performance in education. Possible explanatory...
  N° 148   23 July 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k43bvt2dwjk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/trends-in-poverty-and-inequality-in-decentralising-indonesia_5k43bvt2dwjk-en
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Trends in Poverty and Inequality in Decentralising Indonesia
Riyana Miranti, Yogi Vidyattama, Erick Hansnata, Rebecca Cassells, Alan Duncan
As one of the world’s largest emerging economies, Indonesia has experienced rapid economic growth and substantial reduction of poverty over the past three decades, particularly prior to the 1997-98 Asian Financial Crisis. After the crisis, Indonesia entered a new development phase that saw the...
  N° 147   23 July 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k43bvtkmb8v.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/women-entrepreneurs-in-the-oecd_5k43bvtkmb8v-en
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Women Entrepreneurs in the OECD
Mario Piacentini
Important gender gaps in entrepreneurship exist. Men are three times more likely than women to own a business with employees. Women rarely own large businesses and their average earnings from selfemployment are up to 60% lower than for men. Cultural norms, stereotypes and lack of role models...
  N° 151   04 July 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k40hthb969w.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-perverse-effects-of-job-security-provisions-on-job-security-in-italy_5k40hthb969w-en
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The Perverse Effects of Job-security Provisions on Job Security in Italy
Alexander Hijzen, Leopoldo Mondauto, Stefano Scarpetta
This paper analyses the impact of employment protection (EP) on the composition of the workforce and worker turnover using a unique firm-level dataset for Italy. The impact of employment protection is analysed by means of a regression discontinuity design (RDD) that exploits the variation in EP...
  N° 150   17 June 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k44xwtc0txp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/redistribution-policy-in-europe-and-the-united-states_5k44xwtc0txp-en
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Redistribution Policy in Europe and the United States
Herwig Immervoll, Linda Richardson
Working-age individuals and their families have experienced increases in relative income poverty before the Great Recession (GR), and they have also seen significant income losses since the beginning of the downturn in 2007/8. This paper examines the effects of benefit and tax reforms on the...
  N° 145   23 May 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k46cvrgnms6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/drivers-of-female-labour-force-participation-in-the-oecd_5k46cvrgnms6-en
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Drivers of Female Labour Force Participation in the OECD
Olivier Thévenon
This paper analyses the response of female labour force participation to the evolution of labour markets and policies supporting the reconciliation of work and family life. Using country-level data from the early 1980s for 18 OECD countries, we estimate the influence of labour market and...
  N° 140   14 Jan 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k4dlw9w6czq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/fathers-leave-fathers-involvement-and-child-development_5k4dlw9w6czq-en
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Fathers' Leave, Fathers' Involvement and Child Development
Maria del Carmen Huerta, Willem Adema, Jennifer Baxter, Wen-Jui Han, Mette Lausten, RaeHyuck Lee, Jane Waldfogel
Previous research has shown that fathers taking some time off work around childbirth, especially periods of leave of 2 or more weeks, are more likely to be involved in childcare related activities than fathers who do not do so. Furthermore, evidence suggests that children with fathers who are...
  N° 141   10 Jan 2013 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8xb6hw1wjf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/labour-market-effects-of-parental-leave-policies-in-oecd-countries_5k8xb6hw1wjf-en
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Labour Market Effects of Parental Leave Policies in OECD Countries
Olivier Thévenon, Anne Solaz
This paper considers how entitlements to paid leave after the birth of children affect female labour market outcomes across countries. Such entitlements are granted for various lengths of time and paid at different rates, reflecting the influence of different objectives including: enhancing...
  N° 139   13 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8x7gw8btq6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/flexicurity-and-the-economic-crisis-2008-2009_5k8x7gw8btq6-en
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Flexicurity and the Economic Crisis 2008-2009
Tor Eriksson
A key feature of the Danish labour market is its so-called flexicurity, the coexistence of flexibility (low adjustment costs for both employers and employees) and security (owing to a developed social safety net with high coverage and high replacement ratios). This is often believed to have...
  N° 144   12 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8x7gvx7247.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-role-of-short-time-working-schemes-during-the-global-financial-crisis-and-early-recovery_5k8x7gvx7247-en
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The Role of Short-Time Working Schemes During the Global Financial Crisis and Early Recovery
Alexander Hijzen, Sébastien Martin
There has been a strong interest in short-time work (STW) schemes during the global financial crisis. Using data for 23 OECD countries for the period 2004 Q1 to 2010 Q4, this paper analyses the quantitative effects of STW programmes on labour market outcomes by exploiting the country and time...
  N° 137   11 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8x7gwmb3jc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-response-of-german-establishments-to-the-2008-2009-economic-crisis_5k8x7gwmb3jc-en
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The Response of German Establishments to the 2008-2009 Economic Crisis
Lutz Bellmann, Hans-Dieter Gerner, Richard Upward
We examine the response of a large panel of German establishments to the crisis in terms of their job flows (changes in employment) and consequent worker flows (hires, separations and layoffs). We analyse the extent to which job flows and worker flows at the establishment level are...
  N° 138   10 Dec 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8xb722w928.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/effects-of-reducing-gender-gaps-in-education-and-labour-force-participation-on-economic-growth-in-the-oecd_5k8xb722w928-en
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Effects of Reducing Gender Gaps in Education and Labour Force Participation on Economic Growth in the OECD
Olivier Thévenon, Nabil Ali, Willem Adema, Angelica Salvi del Pero
This paper assesses the extent to which the increase in women’s human capital, as measured by educational attainment, has contributed to economic growth in OECD countries over the past five decades. Using cross-country/time series data covering 30 countries from 1960 to 2008 on education (the...
  N° 142   29 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8zk8pn2542.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/helping-displaced-workers-back-into-jobs-after-a-natural-disaster_5k8zk8pn2542-en
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Helping Displaced Workers Back Into Jobs After a Natural Disaster
Danielle Venn
Large-scale natural disasters can have long-lasting effects on the labour market in affected areas in addition to their humanitarian and economic cost. Mass evacuations and disruptions to housing, transport, social services and infrastructure can impede labour market participation. Firms may...
  N° 143   28 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8zk8pcq6td.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/trends-in-job-skill-demands-in-oecd-countries_5k8zk8pcq6td-en
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Trends in Job Skill Demands in OECD Countries
Michael J. Handel
This report examines skill trends in 24 OECD countries over the past several decades. The skill measures used include broad occupation groups, country-specific direct measures of skill requirements from international surveys, and direct skill measures from the Occupational Information Network...
  N° 129   28 Nov 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k8zk8q40lbw.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/an-overview-of-australia-s-system-of-income-and-employment-assistance-for-the-unemployed_5k8zk8q40lbw-en
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An Overview of Australia's System of Income and Employment Assistance for the Unemployed
Peter Davidson, Peter Whiteford
This report provides an overview of Australia’s labour market policies, with a focus on income support benefits and employment assistance for people of working age. It traces historical developments partly since 1990 and since 1978 in the case of some data series...
  N° 134   25 Oct 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k913gcn5bf3.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-role-of-institutions-and-firm-heterogeneity-for-labour-market-adjustment_5k913gcn5bf3-en
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The Role of Institutions and Firm Heterogeneity for Labour Market Adjustment
Peter Gal, Alexander Hijzen, Zoltan Wolf
This paper investigates the role of policies and institutions for aggregate labour market dynamics during the global financial crisis using firm-level data. The use of firm-level data is important if firms are heterogeneous in their labour input adjustment technologies. In this case,...
  N° 135   11 Sep 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k92vxbgpmnt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/money-or-kindergarten-distributive-effects-of-cash-versus-in-kind-family-transfers-for-young-children_5k92vxbgpmnt-en
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Money or Kindergarten? Distributive Effects of Cash Versus In-Kind Family Transfers for Young Children
Michael F. Förster, Gerlinde Verbist
Public support to families with pre-school children can be in the form of cash benefits (e.g. child allowances) or of "in-kind" support (e.g. care services such as kindergartens). The mix of these support measures varies greatly across OECD countries, from a cash / in-kind composition of...
  N° 133   04 July 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k95zqsf4bxt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/capital-s-grabbing-hand-a-cross-country-cross-industry-analysis-of-the-decline-of-the-labour-share_5k95zqsf4bxt-en
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Capital's Grabbing Hand? A Cross-Country/Cross-Industry Analysis of the Decline of the Labour Share
Andrea Bassanini, Thomas Manfredi
We examine the determinants of the within-industry decline of the labour share, using industry-level annual data for 25 OECD countries, 20 business-sector industries and covering up to 28 years. We find that total factor productivity growth – which captures (albeit imprecisely)...
  N° 132   27 Mar 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9csf9zcz7c.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/income-distribution-and-poverty-in-russia_5k9csf9zcz7c-en
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Income Distribution and Poverty in Russia
Irina Denisova
The paper is a survey of literature and statistical sources on poverty and inequality in Russia in the 1990s and the 2000s. It serves as a background to OECD (2011), the OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Review of the Russian Federation that was released in 2011. We start with an overview of...
  N° 128   02 Feb 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9fjjs1m2d2.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-labour-market-integration-of-immigrants-and-their-children-in-switzerland_5k9fjjs1m2d2-en
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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants and Their Children in Switzerland
Thomas Liebig, Sebastian Kohls, Karolin Krause
Switzerland is among the OECD countries with the largest immigrant populations – 27% of the working-age population are foreign-born – and the issue of immigration is high on both the policy agenda and in the public debate. Given the numerous debates around this issue in Switzerland, one could...
  N° 130   10 Jan 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h363c5szq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-impact-of-publicly-provided-services-on-the-distribution-of-resources_5k9h363c5szq-en
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The Impact of Publicly Provided Services on the Distribution of Resources
Gerlinde Verbist, Michael F. Förster, Maria Vaalavuo
This paper looks at how the income distribution in countries changes when the value of publicly-provided services to households is included. We consider five major categories of public services: education, health care, social housing, childcare and elderly care. On average across OECD...
  N° 131   09 Jan 2012 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5k9h43kgkvr4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/eligibility-criteria-for-unemployment-benefits_5k9h43kgkvr4-en
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Eligibility Criteria for Unemployment Benefits
Danielle Venn
Eligibility criteria for unemployment benefits, which require recipients to actively look for work, take up suitable job offers or take part in active labour market programmes (ALMPs), or risk benefit sanctions, can play an important role in offsetting the negative impact of generous...
  N° 119   12 Dec 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg0prkh67d0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-labour-market-effects-of-unemployment-compensation-in-brazil_5kg0prkh67d0-en
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The Labour Market Effects of Unemployment Compensation in Brazil
Alexander Hijzen
This paper analyses the impact of unemployment insurance and severance pay on the duration of nonemployment and transitions from non-employment to formal salaried employment, informal salaried employment and self-employment. It makes use of panel data from the Pesquisa Mensal de Emgrego, a...
  N° 126   29 Nov 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg3ml17nps4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/are-recent-immigrants-different-a-new-profile-of-immigrants-in-the-oecd-based-on-dioc-2005-06_5kg3ml17nps4-en
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Are Recent Immigrants Different? A New Profile of Immigrants in the OECD based on DIOC 2005/06
Sarah Widmaier, Jean-Christophe Dumont
Increasing international migration and changing immigrant populations in OECD countries make international comparable data on migrant populations essential. These data should be updated regularly to capture a detailed picture of migrant populations. This document presents the first results of...
  N° 127   10 Nov 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg264fz6p8w.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-labour-market-integration-of-immigrants-and-their-children-in-austria_5kg264fz6p8w-en
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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants and their Children in Austria
Karolin Krause, Thomas Liebig
With 17% of the working-age population in 2010 being foreign-born, Austria has one of the largest shares of working-age immigrants in the OECD. As in other European OECD countries, the migration landscape in Austria has been shaped by the recruitment of low-educated labour migrants prior to the...
  N° 124   02 Nov 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg2d2d4pbf0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/is-the-european-welfare-state-really-more-expensive_5kg2d2d4pbf0-en
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Is the European Welfare State Really More Expensive?
Willem Adema, Pauline Fron, Maxime Ladaique
Part I of this paper first presents information on trends and composition of social expenditure as in the OECD Social Expenditure database for the years 1980 – 2007. Over this period, public social expenditure as a percentage of GDP, on average across OECD, increased from 15.6% to 19.2%. Public...
  N° 125   07 Oct 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg3v00zgslw.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/earnings-volatility-and-its-consequences-for-households_5kg3v00zgslw-en
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Earnings Volatility and its Consequences for Households
Danielle Venn
Many workers experience large fluctuations in before-tax labour earnings from one year to the next, due to changes in working hours, movements in and out of work and changes in pay. Youth entering the labour market and workers in non-standard jobs (such as temporary employment or...
  N° 122   04 Oct 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg5dlkhjq0x.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/redistribution-policy-and-inequality-reduction-in-oecd-countries_5kg5dlkhjq0x-en
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Redistribution Policy and Inequality Reduction in OECD Countries
Herwig Immervoll, Linda Richardson
We use a range of data sources to assess if, and to what extent, government redistribution policies have slowed or accelerated the trend towards greater income disparities in the past 20-25 years. In most countries, inequality among "non-elderly" households has widened during most phases of the...
  N° 116   20 Sep 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kghrjm8s142.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/cooking-caring-and-volunteering-unpaid-work-around-the-world_5kghrjm8s142-en
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Cooking, Caring and Volunteering: Unpaid Work Around the World
Veerle Miranda
Household production constitutes an important aspect of economic activity and ignoring it may lead to incorrect inferences about levels and changes in well-being. This paper sheds light on the importance of unpaid work by making use of detailed time-use surveys for 25 OECD member countries and...
  N° 118   06 Sep 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg5dlmtxhvh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/early-maternal-employment-and-child-development-in-five-oecd-countries_5kg5dlmtxhvh-en
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Early Maternal Employment and Child Development in Five OECD Countries
Maria del Carmen Huerta, Willem Adema, Jennifer Baxter, Miles Corak, Mette Deding, Matthew C. Gray, Wen-Jui Han, Jane Waldfogel
More mothers with young children are in paid work than in the past. There is a long-running debate on possible negative effects of maternal employment on child development. For the first time, this paper presents an initial comparative analysis of longitudinal data on maternal employment...
  N° 123   01 Sep 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg58j99z8jc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/aggregate-earnings-and-macroeconomic-shocks_5kg58j99z8jc-en
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Aggregate Earnings and Macroeconomic Shocks
Andrea Bassanini
I examine the effect of labour market policies and institutions on the transmission of macroeconomic shocks to the labour market, using both aggregate and industry-level annual data for 23 OECD countries, 23 business-sector industries and up to 29 years. I find that high and progressive labour...
  N° 121   01 Sep 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg58j9d7b6d.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/over-qualified-or-under-skilled_5kg58j9d7b6d-en
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Over-Qualified or Under-Skilled
Glenda Quintini
Mismatches between workers’ competences and what is required by their job are widespread in OECD countries. Studies that use qualifications as proxies for competences suggest that as many as one in four workers could be over-qualified and as many as one in three could be under-qualified for...
  N° 120   01 Sep 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kg59fcz3tkd.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/right-for-the-job_5kg59fcz3tkd-en
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Right for the Job
Glenda Quintini
Ensuring a good match between skills acquired in education and on the job and those required in the labour market is essential to make the most of investments in human capital and promote strong and inclusive growth. Unfortunately, in the OECD on average, about one in four workers are...
  N° 111   05 Apr 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kgf09zj7h9t.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/economic-determinants-and-consequences-of-child-maltreatment_5kgf09zj7h9t-en
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Economic Determinants and Consequences of Child Maltreatment
Lawrence M. Berger, Jane Waldfogel
Substantial numbers of children in the advanced industrialized countries experience child abuse and neglect each year, resulting in considerable social, emotional, and economic costs to both the children themselves and to their societies as a whole. Yet, whereas scholars and policymakers have...
  N° 117   28 Mar 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kgg52gjg26b.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/what-drives-inflows-into-disability_5kgg52gjg26b-en
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What Drives Inflows Into Disability?
Ana Llena-Nozal, Theodora Xenogiani
This paper investigates the dynamic effects of health shocks on labour market transitions to disability, employment and other non-employment pathways. It uses longitudinal data to estimate time discrete duration models for three countries: Australia, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Both...
  N° 115   17 Jan 2011 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kgkd0bbwvxp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-role-of-short-time-work-schemes-during-the-2008-09-recession_5kgkd0bbwvxp-en
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The Role of Short-Time Work Schemes during the 2008-09 Recession
Alexander Hijzen, Danielle Venn
The present paper provides the most comprehensive assessment to date of the impact of short-time work (STW) schemes during the 2008-09 crisis. The analysis covers 19 OECD countries, 11 of which operated a short-time work scheme before the crisis, five countries introduced a new scheme during...
  N° 114   09 Dec 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km4g1bk3r7h.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/international-migrants-in-developed-emerging-and-developing-countries_5km4g1bk3r7h-en
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International Migrants in Developed, Emerging and Developing Countries
Jean-Christophe Dumont, Gilles Spielvogel, Sarah Widmaier
Increasing international mobility makes international comparable data even more important, to depict global migration patterns and its characteristics, not only in receiving countries but also in origin countries. This paper provides a detailed picture of immigrant and emigrant populations...
  N° 113   07 Dec 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km35m63qqvc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/activation-policies-in-japan_5km35m63qqvc-en
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Activation Policies in Japan
Nicola Duell, David Grubb, Shruti Singh, Peter Tergeist
The Japanese labour market is characterised by high employment rates for men and older workers, and a low unemployment rate. Over the past two decades, female participation has risen, while disparities in the labour market conditions of workers have grown. Further efforts are needed to promote...
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