OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers

Structural Transformation in the OECD
ISSN: 
1815-199X (online)
DOI: 
10.1787/1815199X
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected labour market, social policy and migration studies prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language - English or French - with a summary in the other.
 
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Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 95   15 Sep 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/221268684002.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/looking-inside-the-perpetual-motion-machine_221268684002
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Looking Inside the Perpetual-Motion Machine
Andrea Bassanini, Pascal Marianna
In the economic literature there is an increasing interest in the process of job creation and destruction as well of hirings and separations. Many studies suggest that idiosyncratic firm-level characteristics shape both job and worker flows in a...
  N° 94   10 Sep 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/221336486778.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/jobs-for-immigrants_221336486778
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Jobs for Immigrants
Thomas Liebig
Evidence from many OECD countries shows that immigrants, in particular recent arrivals, tend to be especially affected by an economic downturn. The available tentative evidence on unemployment suggests that this is also the case in Norway in the...
  N° 90   20 Aug 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/221717700447.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/going-separate-ways-school-to-work-transitions-in-the-united-states-and-europe_221717700447
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Going Separate Ways? School-to-Work Transitions in the United States and Europe
Glenda Quintini, Thomas Manfredi
This paper derives school-to-work transition pathways in the United States and Europe between the late 1990s and the early 2000s. To do so, it uses Optimal Matching, a technique developed to sequence DNA. The key advantage of using this technique is...
  N° 91   10 Aug 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/221835736557.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/should-pension-systems-recognise-hazardous-and-arduous-work_221835736557
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Should Pension Systems Recognise "Hazardous and Arduous Work"?
Asghar Zaidi, Edward R. Whitehouse
Special pensions for workers in hazardous or arduous jobs have long been a feature of the pension landscape and, recently, they are the subject of a great deal of debate in the pension arenas of many OECD countries. Such pensions are historically...
  N° 89   02 July 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/223334316804.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/legislation-collective-bargaining-and-enforcement_223334316804
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Legislation, Collective Bargaining and Enforcement
Danielle Venn
This paper presents updated estimates of the OECD employment protection indicators for 30 OECD countries and 10 emerging economies and considers important aspects of employment protection other than those provided in legislation. Collective...
  N° 70   09 June 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/224016838064.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/investment-risk-and-pensions_224016838064
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Investment Risk and Pensions
Anna Christina D'Addio, José Seisdedos, Edward R. Whitehouse
This paper explores how uncertainty over investment returns affects pension systems. This issue is becoming more important because of the dramatic spread of defined-contribution pension provision around the world. It has also been highlighted by the...
  N° 87   05 June 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/224005547774.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/investment-risk-and-pensions_224005547774
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Investment Risk and Pensions
Edward R. Whitehouse, Anna Christina D'Addio, Andrew Reilly
The current financial and economic crisis has highlighted the importance of investment risk for pension systems. In particular, the dramatic spread of defined-contribution pension provision around the world means that investment risk has a direct...
  N° 88   03 June 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/223883627348.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/towards-a-framework-for-assessing-family-policies-in-the-eu_223883627348
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Towards a Framework for Assessing Family Policies in the EU
Henning Lohmann, Frauke H. Peter, Tine Rostgaard, Katharina Spiess
This report presents the results of a first attempt to create a framework for assessing the performance of national family policies. The report is part of a joint EU and OECD project, which aims to help the EU Government Expert Group on Demographic...
  N° 84   09 Apr 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/224535827846.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pension-schemes-for-the-self-employed-in-oecd-countries_224535827846
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Pension Schemes for the Self-Employed in OECD Countries
Jongkyun Choi
The self-employed workers make up a small but significant minority of the workforce in many OECD countries. Moreover, transitions into and out of self-employment have become much more common for a larger group of workers. It is therefore of critical...
  N° 86   08 Apr 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/224473276417.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pension-reform-in-chile-revisited_224473276417
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Pension Reform in Chile Revisited
Augusto Iglesias-Palau
The paper describes Chile’s pension reform of 1980, which replaced the existing pay-as-you-go public pension programs by a new funded pension program managed by private companies (the “AFP´s”). It comments on the main results of this reform so far,...
  N° 85   08 Apr 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/224516554144.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/inequality-poverty-and-social-policy-recent-trends-in-chile_224516554144
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Inequality, Poverty and Social Policy: Recent Trends in Chile
Osvaldo Larrañaga
This report aims to outline the main trends in income distribution and poverty in Chile, as well as the role of social policy in these areas. The report includes five sections. First, it discusses recent trends in income inequality and poverty,...
  N° 83   23 Mar 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/225358873078.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/work-jobs-and-well-being-across-the-millennium_225358873078
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Work, Jobs and Well-Being across the Millennium
Andrew E. Clark
This paper uses repeated cross-section data ISSP data from 1989, 1997 and 2005 to consider movements in job quality. It is first underlined that not having a job when you want one is a major source of low well-being. Second, job values have remained...
  N° 82   23 Mar 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/225407362040.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/child-well-being-and-sole-parent-family-structure-in-the-oecd_225407362040
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Child Well-Being and Sole-Parent Family Structure in the OECD
Simon Chapple
This paper addresses the causal impact of being raised in a sole-parent family on child well-being across the OECD. The question is answered by a cross-OECD meta-analysis and a literature review. There are widely varying rates of sole parenthood...
  N° 81   20 Mar 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/225442803245.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/a-good-time-for-making-work-pay-taking-stock-of-in-work-benefits-and-related-measures-across-the-oecd_225442803245
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A Good Time for Making Work Pay? Taking Stock of In-Work Benefits and Related Measures across the OECD
Herwig Immervoll, Mark Pearson
The twin problem of in-work poverty and persistent labour market difficulties of low-skilled individuals has been one of the most important drivers of tax-benefit policy reforms in OECD countries in recent years. Employment-conditional cash transfers...
  N° 80   20 Mar 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/225485542035.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/main-features-of-the-public-employment-service-in-poland_225485542035
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Main Features of the Public Employment Service in Poland
Daniela Kalužná
This report describes the organisation of employment services, labour market programmes, unemployment insurance (UI) benefits and social assistance in Poland according to the legislation that was in force until January 2009, when the Act on...
  N° 79   18 Mar 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/225488071868.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/gerer-les-migrations-de-travailleurs-hautement-qualifies-une-analyse-comparative-des-politiques-migratoires-et-des-enjeux-des-migrations-dans-les-pays-de-l-ocde_225488071868
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Gérer les migrations de travailleurs hautement qualifiés : Une analyse comparative des politiques migratoires et des enjeux des migrations dans les pays de l'OCDE
Jonathan Chaloff, Georges Lemaître
La plupart des pays de l’OCDE s’attendent à des pénuries croissantes de travailleurs qualifiés dans les prochaines deux décennies, et l’immigration pourrait bien être une des réponses à ce phénomène. Ces dernières années, ils ont mis en place des...
  N° 79   18 Mar 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/225505346577.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/managing-highly-skilled-labour-migration_225505346577
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Managing Highly-Skilled Labour Migration
Jonathan Chaloff, Georges Lemaître
Most OECD countries expect growing shortages of highly-skilled labour in the coming two decades, and immigration is viewed as one way of addressing these. Most OECD countries have introduced policies aimed at facilitating the recruitment of such...
  N° 78   02 Mar 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/226388712174.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/activation-policies-in-norway_226388712174
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Activation Policies in Norway
Nicola Duell, Shruti Singh, Peter Tergeist
This report examines the performance of the Public Employment Service (PES) and the effectiveness of activation strategies in Norway. It covers the role of the key actors in labour market policies, the placement function of the PES, the structure of...
  N° 69   29 Jan 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/227200770711.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/filling-the-pension-gap_227200770711
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Filling the Pension Gap
Pablo Antolín, Edward R. Whitehouse
The current generation of workers can expect lower pension benefits in retirement than the current generation of pensioners. Private, voluntary pension savings will therefore play a greater role in providing for old age. This paper calculates the...
  N° 77   28 Jan 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/227182142567.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pensions-purchasing-power-risk-inflation-and-indexation_227182142567
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Pensions, Purchasing-Power Risk, Inflation and Indexation
Edward R. Whitehouse
The rapid rise in inflation in 2006-07 has attracted attention – once again – both to how pensions systems should react to changes in prices, and to how they do so in practice. Although inflation is now falling as a result of lower commodity prices...
  N° 76   23 Jan 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/227200406151.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/an-evaluation-of-the-tax-transfer-treatment-of-married-couples-in-european-countries_227200406151
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An Evaluation of the Tax-Transfer Treatment of Married Couples in European Countries
Herwig Immervoll, Henrik Jacobsen Kleven, Claus Thustrup Kreiner, Nicolaj Verdelin
This paper presents an evaluation of the tax-transfer treatment of married couples in 15 EU countries using the EUROMOD microsimulation model. First, we show that many tax-transfer schemes in Europe feature negative jointness defined as a situation...
  N° 75   08 Jan 2009
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/227626803333.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/activation-policies-in-ireland_227626803333
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Activation Policies in Ireland
David Grubb, Shruti Singh, Peter Tergeist
In Ireland the placement function of the Public Employment Service (PES) is primarily within FÁS, the Training and Employment Authority, which is supervised by the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment (DETE). But employment counselling...
  N° 74   09 Dec 2008
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/230150403603.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/main-features-of-the-public-employment-service-in-the-czech-republic_230150403603
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Main Features of the Public Employment Service in the Czech Republic
Daniela Kalužná
in 1991 when the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic commenced transition to a market economy. Labour offices, in addition to providing placement and related services, manage jobseeker retraining and subsidies for job creation, administer unemployment...
  N° 71   05 Dec 2008
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/231747416062.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/socio-economic-differences-in-mortality_231747416062
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Socio-Economic Differences in Mortality
Edward R. Whitehouse, Asghar Zaidi
The analyses included in the report show that there are big socio-economic differences in mortality, especially for men, and they appear to have become bigger over time. The report discusses implications of mortality differentials for five major...
  N° 73   21 Nov 2008
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/230128514343.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/long-time-series-for-public-expenditure-on-labour-market-programmes_230128514343
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Long time series for public expenditure on labour market programmes
David Grubb, Agnès Puymoyen
The OECD has collected data for public expenditure on labour market programmes (LMPs) continuously since the mid-1980s. For most longstanding Member countries, data according to a consistent classification system and definition of scope are available...
  N° 72   20 Nov 2008
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/230166268277.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/main-features-of-the-public-employment-service-in-the-slovak-republic_230166268277
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Main Features of the Public Employment Service in the Slovak Republic
Daniela Kalužná
This report documents the main features of the Public Employment Service (PES) in Slovak Republic, with attention to unemployment benefit administration as well as employment services. The current institutional structure was established in 2004. The...
  N° 68   23 Oct 2008
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/230184240223.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-impact-of-foreign-direct-investment-on-wages-and-working-conditions_230184240223
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The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Wages and Working Conditions
Elena Arnal, Alexander Hijzen
Foreign direct investment (FDI) by OECD-based multinational enterprises (MNEs) in developing and emerging economies has increased dramatically over the past two decades. While generally perceived as beneficial for local development, it has also...
  N° 67   01 Oct 2008
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/236346714741.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-dynamics-of-social-assistance-receipt_236346714741
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The Dynamics of Social Assistance Receipt
Lorenzo Cappellari, Stephen P. Jenkins
We model the dynamics of social assistance benefit receipt in Britain using data from the British Household Panel Survey, waves 1–15. First, we discuss definitions of social assistance benefit receipt, and present information about the trends between...
  N° 66   30 June 2008
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/241083644101.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/reforming-retirement-income-systems_241083644101
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Reforming Retirement-Income Systems
John P. Martin, Edward R. Whitehouse
1. Reforming pensions looms large over the policy agenda of OECD countries. This is hardly surprising since public spending on pensions accounted on average for 7 per cent of OECD GDP in 2005; and this pension spending effort is set to increase...
  N° 64   26 June 2008
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/241103736767.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/a-review-of-studies-on-the-distributional-impact-of-consumption-taxes-in-oecd-countries_241103736767
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A Review of Studies on the Distributional Impact of Consumption Taxes in OECD Countries
Neil Warren
Consumption taxes are only rarely assessed for their impact on the economic well-being of individuals. This paper reviews various studies on this issue. It first describes the large differences in the size and structure of these taxes among OECD...
  N° 65   28 May 2008
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/241506164527.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-joint-distribution-of-household-income-and-wealth_241506164527
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The Joint Distribution of Household Income and Wealth
Markus Jantti, Eva Sierminska, Tim Smeeding
This report looks at the extent to which household net worth and disposable income are correlated across individuals. After having briefly discussed the importance of better information on household wealth for social policies, the paper describes the...
  N° 63   09 Nov 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/057638253043.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/globalisation-and-labour-markets_057638253043
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Globalisation and Labour Markets
David T. Coe
Globalisation is having important effects on labour markets in OECD countries. The global supply of labour has increased enormously with the emergence of China and India. At the same time technological advances have contributed to heightened income...
  N° 61   05 Oct 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/058184274204.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/addressing-labour-market-duality-in-korea_058184274204
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Addressing Labour Market Duality in Korea
David Grubb, Jae-Kap Lee, Peter Tergeist
The Korean labor market has created many jobs over the past several decades, accompanying rapid economic growth. More recently, this favorable job performance has gone hand-in-hand with a rapid increase of temporary employment and other flexible or...
  N° 60   05 Oct 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/060025254440.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/life-expectancy-risk-and-pensions_060025254440
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Life-Expectancy Risk and Pensions
Edward R. Whitehouse
Two-thirds of pension reforms in OECD countries in the last 15 years contain measures that will automatically link future pensions to changes in life expectancy. This quiet revolution in pension policy means that the financial costs of longer lives...
  N° 59   01 Oct 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/063038152436.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/audit-du-service-public-de-l-emploi-au-luxembourg_063038152436
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Audit du service public de l'emploi au Luxembourg
David Grubb
Le taux de chômage au Luxembourg - minime pendant les années 70 et 80 puis en forte augmentation, bien que toujours bas par rapport aux autres pays, dans les années 90 - est depuis 2004 à près de 5%. Ce rapport compare d’abord la situation au...
  N° 58   27 Sep 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/063461607124.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/trend-in-international-migration-flows-and-stocks-1975-2005_063461607124
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Trend in International Migration Flows and Stocks,1975-2005
B. Lindsay Lowell
This paper discusses broad trends in the rates and levels of international migration over the past three decades, the places that migrants leave from and the destinations they choose; and some of the demographic and policy implications of these...
  N° 57   05 Sep 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/110780068151.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/unauthorized-migrants-in-the-united-states_110780068151
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Unauthorized Migrants in the United States
Jeffrey Passel
This report discusses methods of measuring unauthorized migration to the United States. The “residual method” involves comparing an analytic estimate of the legal foreign-born population with a survey-based measure of the total foreign-born...
  N° 56   04 Sep 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/111040348221.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/la-politique-migratoire-francaise-a-un-tournant_111040348221
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La politique migratoire française à un tournant
Martine Durand, Georges Lemaître
La politique migratoire française se trouve à un tournant. Face à l’émergence d’un marché du travail mondial pour les personnes hautement qualifiées et de pénuries de main d’oeuvre dans certains secteurs de l’économie, la France doit s’orienter vers...
  N° 55   06 Aug 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/122552153585.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-unification-of-the-social-insurance-contribution-collection-system-in-korea_122552153585
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The Unification of the Social Insurance Contribution Collection System in Korea
Sinchul Jang
Korea introduced industrial accident insurance (IACIS) in 1964, medical insurance (MIS) in 1977, pension insurance (NPS) in 1988 and employment insurance (EIS) in 1995. In line with Korea’s economic development, social insurance coverage has grown...
  N° 54   15 June 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/122873667103.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/assessing-the-impact-of-labour-market-policies-on-productivity_122873667103
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Assessing the Impact of Labour Market Policies on Productivity
Andrea Bassanini, Danielle Venn
The impact of four labour market policies – employment protection legislation, minimum wages, parental leave and unemployment benefits – on productivity is examined here, using annual cross-country aggregate data on these policies and industry-level...
  N° 53   07 June 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/177401288023.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pension-reform-in-china_177401288023
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Pension Reform in China
Felix Salditt, Peter Whiteford, Willem Adema
China is currently in the process of developing the largest pension system in the world, and it is doing this at a time of unparalleled economic and demographic transition. The central government has followed a step-by-step approach to develop a...
  N° 52   29 Mar 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/217730505550.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/intergenerational-transmission-of-disadvantage_217730505550
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Intergenerational Transmission of Disadvantage
Anna Christina D'Addio
This report surveys the research in OECD countries on intergenerational mobility – i.e. the extent to which key characteristics and life experiences of individuals differ from those of their parents. A number of findings emerge: Intergenerational...
  N° 51   05 Mar 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/233310267230.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/what-works-best-in-reducing-child-poverty_233310267230
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What Works Best in Reducing Child Poverty
Peter Whiteford, Willem Adema
Child poverty is firmly on the policy agenda in many OECD countries. One of the main issues in the debate is the appropriate balance between the so-called “benefits strategy” (increasing the adequacy of benefits for low-income families with children)...
  N° 50   05 Mar 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/233783261534.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-labour-market-integration-of-immigrants-in-denmark_233783261534
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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Denmark
Thomas Liebig
The labour market integration of immigrants has been a key issue both in the public debate and on the government agenda in Denmark, triggered by unfavourable employment outcomes of immigrants – the gaps in employment rates of immigrants compared to...
  N° 49   22 Feb 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/235260166224.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-labour-market-integration-of-immigrants-in-australia_235260166224
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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Australia
Thomas Liebig
The labour market integration of immigrants in Australia is shaped by the country’s long tradition as an immigration country and its selection policy. Over the post-war period, the main origin countries of immigration to Australia have shifted from...
  N° 48   21 Feb 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/235635254863.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-integration-of-immigrants-into-the-labour-market_235635254863
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The Integration of Immigrants into the Labour Market
Georges Lemaître
The current situation regarding the integration of immigrants in the labour market in Sweden is the consequence of a number of factors and developments. The past fifteen years have seen a higher share of humanitarian migration in Sweden than in the...
  N° 47   01 Feb 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/238411133860.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-labour-market-integration-of-immigrants-in-germany_238411133860
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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Germany
Thomas Liebig
The current situation of the labour market integration of migrants in Germany has to be viewed in the light of its immigration history. During the post-war economic boom, until 1973, Germany focused on the recruitment of low-skilled foreign labour....
  N° 46   31 Jan 2007
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/337686556262.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/minimum-wages-minimum-labour-costs-and-the-tax-treatment-of-low-wage-employment_337686556262
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Minimum Wages, Minimum Labour Costs and the Tax Treatment of Low-Wage Employment
Herwig Immervoll
International comparisons of minimum-wage levels have largely focused on the gross value of minimum wages, ignoring the effects of taxation on both labour costs and the net income of employees. This paper presents estimates of the tax burdens facing...
  N° 45   21 Dec 2006
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/343652001507.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/publicly-provided-services-and-the-distribution-of-resources_343652001507
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Publicly-provided Services and the Distribution of Resources
François Marical, Marco Mira d'Ercole, Maria Vaalavuo, Gerlinde Verbist
This report looks at the effects on the distribution of household income of those government-provided services that confer a personal benefit to users. While most of the comparative evidence of the size and evolution of income inequalities in OECD...
  N° 42   08 Dec 2006
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/341116536484.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/activation-strategies-and-the-performance-of-employment-services-in-germany-the-netherlands-and-the-united-kingdom_341116536484
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Activation Strategies and the Performance of Employment Services in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom
Peter Tergeist, David Grubb
Strategies to 'activate' the unemployed with the help of high-quality employment services have continuously gained importance in the policy debate. The purpose of this report is to examine how activation strategies and the performance of employment...
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