OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers

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1815-199X (online)
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected labour market, social policy and migration studies prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language - English or French - with a summary in the other.
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Page: 1 (N° 194) , 2 (N° 140) , 3 (N° 90) , 4 (N° 39) | Next
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  N° 90   20 Aug 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/going-separate-ways-school-to-work-transitions-in-the-united-states-and-europe_221717700447
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Going Separate Ways? School-to-Work Transitions in the United States and Europe
Glenda Quintini, Thomas Manfredi
This paper derives school-to-work transition pathways in the United States and Europe between the late 1990s and the early 2000s. To do so, it uses Optimal Matching, a technique developed to sequence DNA. The key advantage of using this technique is that, rather than focusing on a specific...
  N° 89   02 July 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/legislation-collective-bargaining-and-enforcement_223334316804
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Legislation, Collective Bargaining and Enforcement
Danielle Venn
This paper presents updated estimates of the OECD employment protection indicators for 30 OECD countries and 10 emerging economies and considers important aspects of employment protection other than those provided in legislation. Collective agreements often contain provisions relating to...
  N° 88   03 June 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/towards-a-framework-for-assessing-family-policies-in-the-eu_223883627348
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Towards a Framework for Assessing Family Policies in the EU
Henning Lohmann, Frauke H. Peter, Tine Rostgaard, Katharina Spiess
This report presents the results of a first attempt to create a framework for assessing the performance of national family policies. The report is part of a joint EU and OECD project, which aims to help the EU Government Expert Group on Demographic Issues in evaluating national family policies....
  N° 87   05 June 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/investment-risk-and-pensions_224005547774
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Investment Risk and Pensions
Edward R. Whitehouse, Anna Christina D'Addio, Andrew Reilly
The current financial and economic crisis has highlighted the importance of investment risk for pension systems. In particular, the dramatic spread of defined-contribution pension provision around the world means that investment risk has a direct effect on living standards in old age. This...
  N° 86   08 Apr 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pension-reform-in-chile-revisited_224473276417
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Pension Reform in Chile Revisited
Augusto Iglesias-Palau
The paper describes Chile’s pension reform of 1980, which replaced the existing pay-as-you-go public pension programs by a new funded pension program managed by private companies (the "AFP´s"). It comments on the main results of this reform so far, and identifies the current challenges faced by...
  N° 85   08 Apr 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/inequality-poverty-and-social-policy-recent-trends-in-chile_224516554144
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Inequality, Poverty and Social Policy: Recent Trends in Chile
Osvaldo Larrañaga
This report aims to outline the main trends in income distribution and poverty in Chile, as well as the role of social policy in these areas. The report includes five sections. First, it discusses recent trends in income inequality and poverty, including a brief overview of the data available...
  N° 84   09 Apr 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pension-schemes-for-the-self-employed-in-oecd-countries_224535827846
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Pension Schemes for the Self-Employed in OECD Countries
Jongkyun Choi
The self-employed workers make up a small but significant minority of the workforce in many OECD countries. Moreover, transitions into and out of self-employment have become much more common for a larger group of workers. It is therefore of critical importance to review and assess the pension...
  N° 83   23 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/work-jobs-and-well-being-across-the-millennium_225358873078
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Work, Jobs and Well-Being across the Millennium
Andrew E. Clark
This paper uses repeated cross-section data ISSP data from 1989, 1997 and 2005 to consider movements in job quality. It is first underlined that not having a job when you want one is a major source of low well-being. Second, job values have remained fairly stable over time, although workers...
  N° 82   23 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/child-well-being-and-sole-parent-family-structure-in-the-oecd_225407362040
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Child Well-Being and Sole-Parent Family Structure in the OECD
Simon Chapple
This paper addresses the causal impact of being raised in a sole-parent family on child well-being across the OECD. The question is answered by a cross-OECD meta-analysis and a literature review. There are widely varying rates of sole parenthood across the OECD. Rates of sole parenthood have...
  N° 81   20 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/a-good-time-for-making-work-pay-taking-stock-of-in-work-benefits-and-related-measures-across-the-oecd_225442803245
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A Good Time for Making Work Pay? Taking Stock of In-Work Benefits and Related Measures across the OECD
Herwig Immervoll, Mark Pearson
The twin problem of in-work poverty and persistent labour market difficulties of low-skilled individuals has been one of the most important drivers of tax-benefit policy reforms in OECD countries in recent years. Employment-conditional cash transfers to individuals facing particular...
  N° 80   20 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/main-features-of-the-public-employment-service-in-poland_225485542035
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Main Features of the Public Employment Service in Poland
Daniela Kalužná
This report describes the organisation of employment services, labour market programmes, unemployment insurance (UI) benefits and social assistance in Poland according to the legislation that was in force until January 2009, when the Act on employment promotion and labour market institutions...
  N° 79   18 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/managing-highly-skilled-labour-migration_225505346577
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Managing Highly-Skilled Labour Migration
Jonathan Chaloff, Georges Lemaître
Most OECD countries expect growing shortages of highly-skilled labour in the coming two decades, and immigration is viewed as one way of addressing these. Most OECD countries have introduced policies aimed at facilitating the recruitment of such workers in recent years and efforts along these...
  N° 78   02 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/activation-policies-in-norway_226388712174
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Activation Policies in Norway
Nicola Duell, Shruti Singh, Peter Tergeist
This report examines the performance of the Public Employment Service (PES) and the effectiveness of activation strategies in Norway. It covers the role of the key actors in labour market policies, the placement function of the PES, the structure of benefits for the working-age population out...
  N° 77   28 Jan 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pensions-purchasing-power-risk-inflation-and-indexation_227182142567
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Pensions, Purchasing-Power Risk, Inflation and Indexation
Edward R. Whitehouse
The rapid rise in inflation in 2006-07 has attracted attention – once again – both to how pensions systems should react to changes in prices, and to how they do so in practice. Although inflation is now falling as a result of lower commodity prices and weakening demand, this brings with it the...
  N° 76   23 Jan 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/an-evaluation-of-the-tax-transfer-treatment-of-married-couples-in-european-countries_227200406151
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An Evaluation of the Tax-Transfer Treatment of Married Couples in European Countries
Herwig Immervoll, Henrik Jacobsen Kleven, Claus Thustrup Kreiner, Nicolaj Verdelin
This paper presents an evaluation of the tax-transfer treatment of married couples in 15 EU countries using the EUROMOD microsimulation model. First, we show that many tax-transfer schemes in Europe feature negative jointness defined as a situation where the tax rate on one person depends...
  N° 75   08 Jan 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/activation-policies-in-ireland_227626803333
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Activation Policies in Ireland
David Grubb, Shruti Singh, Peter Tergeist
In Ireland the placement function of the Public Employment Service (PES) is primarily within FÁS, the Training and Employment Authority, which is supervised by the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment (DETE). But employment counselling services are also provided by the “Local...
  N° 74   09 Dec 2008 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/main-features-of-the-public-employment-service-in-the-czech-republic_230150403603
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Main Features of the Public Employment Service in the Czech Republic
Daniela Kalužná
in 1991 when the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic commenced transition to a market economy. Labour offices, in addition to providing placement and related services, manage jobseeker retraining and subsidies for job creation, administer unemployment insurance benefits, and provide guidance for...
  N° 73   21 Nov 2008 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/long-time-series-for-public-expenditure-on-labour-market-programmes_230128514343
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Long time series for public expenditure on labour market programmes
David Grubb, Agnès Puymoyen
The OECD has collected data for public expenditure on labour market programmes (LMPs) continuously since the mid-1980s. For most longstanding Member countries, data according to a consistent classification system and definition of scope are available for reference years 1985 to 2002. Starting...
  N° 72   20 Nov 2008 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/main-features-of-the-public-employment-service-in-the-slovak-republic_230166268277
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Main Features of the Public Employment Service in the Slovak Republic
Daniela Kalužná
This report documents the main features of the Public Employment Service (PES) in Slovak Republic, with attention to unemployment benefit administration as well as employment services. The current institutional structure was established in 2004. The Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and...
  N° 71   05 Dec 2008 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/socio-economic-differences-in-mortality_231747416062
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Socio-Economic Differences in Mortality
Edward R. Whitehouse, Asghar Zaidi
The analyses included in the report show that there are big socio-economic differences in mortality, especially for men, and they appear to have become bigger over time. The report discusses implications of mortality differentials for five major areas of pension policy: the progressivity of the...
  N° 70   09 June 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/investment-risk-and-pensions_224016838064
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Investment Risk and Pensions
Anna Christina D'Addio, José Seisdedos, Edward R. Whitehouse
This paper explores how uncertainty over investment returns affects pension systems. This issue is becoming more important because of the dramatic spread of defined-contribution pension provision around the world. It has also been highlighted by the recent financial crisis: the OECD estimates...
  N° 69   29 Jan 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/filling-the-pension-gap_227200770711
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Filling the Pension Gap
Pablo Antolín, Edward R. Whitehouse
The current generation of workers can expect lower pension benefits in retirement than the current generation of pensioners. Private, voluntary pension savings will therefore play a greater role in providing for old age. This paper calculates the size of the "pension gap": the difference...
  N° 68   23 Oct 2008 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-impact-of-foreign-direct-investment-on-wages-and-working-conditions_230184240223
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The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Wages and Working Conditions
Elena Arnal, Alexander Hijzen
Foreign direct investment (FDI) by OECD-based multinational enterprises (MNEs) in developing and emerging economies has increased dramatically over the past two decades. While generally perceived as beneficial for local development, it has also raised concerns about unfair competition and the...
  N° 67   01 Oct 2008 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-dynamics-of-social-assistance-receipt_236346714741
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The Dynamics of Social Assistance Receipt
Lorenzo Cappellari, Stephen P. Jenkins
We model the dynamics of social assistance benefit receipt in Britain using data from the British Household Panel Survey, waves 1–15. First, we discuss definitions of social assistance benefit receipt, and present information about the trends between 1991 and 2005 in the receipt of social...
  N° 66   30 June 2008 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/reforming-retirement-income-systems_241083644101
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Reforming Retirement-Income Systems
John P. Martin, Edward R. Whitehouse
1. Reforming pensions looms large over the policy agenda of OECD countries. This is hardly surprising since public spending on pensions accounted on average for 7 per cent of OECD GDP in 2005; and this pension spending effort is set to increase significantly over the coming decades in response...
  N° 65   28 May 2008 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-joint-distribution-of-household-income-and-wealth_241506164527
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The Joint Distribution of Household Income and Wealth
Markus Jantti, Eva Sierminska, Tim Smeeding
This report looks at the extent to which household net worth and disposable income are correlated across individuals. After having briefly discussed the importance of better information on household wealth for social policies, the paper describes the main features of the Luxembourg Wealth Study...
  N° 64   26 June 2008 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/a-review-of-studies-on-the-distributional-impact-of-consumption-taxes-in-oecd-countries_241103736767
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A Review of Studies on the Distributional Impact of Consumption Taxes in OECD Countries
Neil Warren
Consumption taxes are only rarely assessed for their impact on the economic well-being of individuals. This paper reviews various studies on this issue. It first describes the large differences in the size and structure of these taxes among OECD countries, and then reviews the types of...
  N° 63   09 Nov 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/globalisation-and-labour-markets_057638253043
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Globalisation and Labour Markets
David T. Coe
Globalisation is having important effects on labour markets in OECD countries. The global supply of labour has increased enormously with the emergence of China and India. At the same time technological advances have contributed to heightened income inequality and changed the nature of...
  N° 61   05 Oct 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/addressing-labour-market-duality-in-korea_058184274204
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Addressing Labour Market Duality in Korea
David Grubb, Jae-Kap Lee, Peter Tergeist
The Korean labor market has created many jobs over the past several decades, accompanying rapid economic growth. More recently, this favorable job performance has gone hand-in-hand with a rapid increase of temporary employment and other flexible or atypical work arrangements (usually called...
  N° 60   05 Oct 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/life-expectancy-risk-and-pensions_060025254440
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Life-Expectancy Risk and Pensions
Edward R. Whitehouse
Two-thirds of pension reforms in OECD countries in the last 15 years contain measures that will automatically link future pensions to changes in life expectancy. This quiet revolution in pension policy means that the financial costs of longer lives will be shared between generations subject to...
  N° 59   01 Oct 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/audit-du-service-public-de-l-emploi-au-luxembourg_063038152436
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Audit du service public de l'emploi au Luxembourg
David Grubb
Le taux de chômage au Luxembourg - minime pendant les années 70 et 80 puis en forte augmentation, bien que toujours bas par rapport aux autres pays, dans les années 90 - est depuis 2004 à près de 5%. Ce rapport compare d’abord la situation au Luxembourg avec celle de "pays de référence" qui ont également un bon niveau de protection sociale,...
  N° 58   27 Sep 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/trend-in-international-migration-flows-and-stocks-1975-2005_063461607124
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Trend in International Migration Flows and Stocks,1975-2005
B. Lindsay Lowell
This paper discusses broad trends in the rates and levels of international migration over the past three decades, the places that migrants leave from and the destinations they choose; and some of the demographic and policy implications of these trends. It raises some features of international...
  N° 57   05 Sep 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/unauthorized-migrants-in-the-united-states_110780068151
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Unauthorized Migrants in the United States
Jeffrey Passel
This report discusses methods of measuring unauthorized migration to the United States. The "residual method" involves comparing an analytic estimate of the legal foreign-born population with a survey-based measure of the total foreign-born population. The difference between the two...
  N° 56   04 Sep 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/la-politique-migratoire-francaise-a-un-tournant_111040348221
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La politique migratoire française à un tournant
Martine Durand, Georges Lemaître
La politique migratoire française se trouve à un tournant. Face à l’émergence d’un marché du travail mondial pour les personnes hautement qualifiées et de pénuries de main d’oeuvre dans certains secteurs de l’économie, la France doit s’orienter vers une plus grande diversification de ses flux migratoires, à la fois quant aux catégories...
  N° 55   06 Aug 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-unification-of-the-social-insurance-contribution-collection-system-in-korea_122552153585
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The Unification of the Social Insurance Contribution Collection System in Korea
Sinchul Jang
Korea introduced industrial accident insurance (IACIS) in 1964, medical insurance (MIS) in 1977, pension insurance (NPS) in 1988 and employment insurance (EIS) in 1995. In line with Korea’s economic development, social insurance coverage has grown rapidly, and contribution coverage rates now...
  N° 54   15 June 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/assessing-the-impact-of-labour-market-policies-on-productivity_122873667103
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Assessing the Impact of Labour Market Policies on Productivity
Andrea Bassanini, Danielle Venn
The impact of four labour market policies – employment protection legislation, minimum wages, parental leave and unemployment benefits – on productivity is examined here, using annual cross-country aggregate data on these policies and industry-level data on productivity from 1979 to 2003. We...
  N° 53   07 June 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pension-reform-in-china_177401288023
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Pension Reform in China
Felix Salditt, Peter Whiteford, Willem Adema
China is currently in the process of developing the largest pension system in the world, and it is doing this at a time of unparalleled economic and demographic transition. The central government has followed a step-by-step approach to develop a system that can accommodate a rapidly aging...
  N° 52   29 Mar 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/intergenerational-transmission-of-disadvantage_217730505550
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Intergenerational Transmission of Disadvantage
Anna Christina D'Addio
This report surveys the research in OECD countries on intergenerational mobility – i.e. the extent to which key characteristics and life experiences of individuals differ from those of their parents. A number of findings emerge: Intergenerational earnings mobility varies significantly across...
  N° 51   05 Mar 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/what-works-best-in-reducing-child-poverty_233310267230
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What Works Best in Reducing Child Poverty
Peter Whiteford, Willem Adema
Child poverty is firmly on the policy agenda in many OECD countries. One of the main issues in the debate is the appropriate balance between the so-called "benefits strategy" (increasing the adequacy of benefits for low-income families with children) and the so-called "work strategy" (promoting...
  N° 50   05 Mar 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-labour-market-integration-of-immigrants-in-denmark_233783261534
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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Denmark
Thomas Liebig
The labour market integration of immigrants has been a key issue both in the public debate and on the government agenda in Denmark, triggered by unfavourable employment outcomes of immigrants – the gaps in employment rates of immigrants compared to the native-born are among the highest in...
  N° 49   22 Feb 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-labour-market-integration-of-immigrants-in-australia_235260166224
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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Australia
Thomas Liebig
The labour market integration of immigrants in Australia is shaped by the country’s long tradition as an immigration country and its selection policy. Over the post-war period, the main origin countries of immigration to Australia have shifted from English-speaking countries to other OECD...
  N° 48   21 Feb 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-integration-of-immigrants-into-the-labour-market_235635254863
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The Integration of Immigrants into the Labour Market
Georges Lemaître
The current situation regarding the integration of immigrants in the labour market in Sweden is the consequence of a number of factors and developments. The past fifteen years have seen a higher share of humanitarian migration in Sweden than in the past. This is a form of migration for which...
  N° 47   01 Feb 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-labour-market-integration-of-immigrants-in-germany_238411133860
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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Germany
Thomas Liebig
The current situation of the labour market integration of migrants in Germany has to be viewed in the light of its immigration history. During the post-war economic boom, until 1973, Germany focused on the recruitment of low-skilled foreign labour. Many of these "guestworker" immigrants settled...
  N° 46   31 Jan 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/minimum-wages-minimum-labour-costs-and-the-tax-treatment-of-low-wage-employment_337686556262
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Minimum Wages, Minimum Labour Costs and the Tax Treatment of Low-Wage Employment
Herwig Immervoll
International comparisons of minimum-wage levels have largely focused on the gross value of minimum wages, ignoring the effects of taxation on both labour costs and the net income of employees. This paper presents estimates of the tax burdens facing minimum-wage workers. These are used as a...
  N° 45   21 Dec 2006 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/publicly-provided-services-and-the-distribution-of-resources_343652001507
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Publicly-provided Services and the Distribution of Resources
François Marical, Marco Mira d'Ercole, Maria Vaalavuo, Gerlinde Verbist
This report looks at the effects on the distribution of household income of those government-provided services that confer a personal benefit to users. While most of the comparative evidence of the size and evolution of income inequalities in OECD countries relies on the concept of household...
  N° 44   08 Dec 2006 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-turkish-pension-system_348880554402
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The Turkish Pension System
Anne-Marie Brook, Edward R. Whitehouse
Recent social security reform has significantly improved the long-run sustainability of the pension system. However, the pension system continues to serve as an important barrier to a more rapid expansion of the formal-sector economy in two ways. First, early-retirement incentives (including...
  N° 43   08 Dec 2006 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-role-of-derived-rights-for-old-age-income-security-of-women_350882777255
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The Role of Derived Rights for Old-age Income Security of Women
Jongkyun Choi
1. This paper analyses the income situation of older women living alone and examines the role of pension entitlements from derived rights for their income security. The data shows that the share of elderly women living alone is expected to increase substantially due to population ageing and...
  N° 42   08 Dec 2006 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/activation-strategies-and-the-performance-of-employment-services-in-germany-the-netherlands-and-the-united-kingdom_341116536484
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Activation Strategies and the Performance of Employment Services in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom
Peter Tergeist, David Grubb
Strategies to 'activate' the unemployed with the help of high-quality employment services have continuously gained importance in the policy debate. The purpose of this report is to examine how activation strategies and the performance of employment services are addressed in three countries...
  N° 41   05 Dec 2006 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/is-training-more-frequent-when-the-wage-premium-is-smaller_351251420436
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Is Training More Frequent When the Wage Premium is Smaller?
Andrea Bassanini, Giorgio Brunello
According to Becker [1964], when labour markets are perfectly competitive, general training is paid by the worker, who reaps all the benefits from the investment. Therefore, ceteris paribus, the greater the training wage premium, the greater the investment in general training. Using data from...
  N° 40   04 Dec 2006 Click to Access: 
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Neutral or Fair?
Monika Queisser, Edward R. Whitehouse
1. Economists and policymakers increasingly use the word "actuarial" in the analysis of pension systems and retirement incentives. But the debate is often confused. "Actuarial fairness" and "actuarial neutrality" are promoted loosely as desirable goals of pension reform. This paper...
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