OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers

Trends in Top Incomes and their Taxation in OECD Countries
ISSN :
1815-199X (online)
DOI :
10.1787/1815199x
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected labour market, social policy and migration studies prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language - English or French - with a summary in the other.
 
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Page: 1 (N° 159) , 2 (N° 108) , 3 (N° 57) , 4 (N° 6) | Next
Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 108   31 Aug 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km7smt2r7d2.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/earnings-of-men-and-women-working-in-the-private-sector_5km7smt2r7d2-en
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Earnings of Men and Women Working in the Private Sector
Anna Christina D'Addio, Herwig Immervoll
The OECD’s "Average-Wage" (AW) concept is commonly used as a benchmark for tax-benefit and pension modeling. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether it is possible to use richer sets of earnings data in order to customize these modeling exercises to the situation of different groups of...
  N° 107   06 July 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmbqvstc09x.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/institutional-determinants-of-worker-flows_5kmbqvstc09x-en
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Institutional Determinants of Worker Flows
Andrea Bassanini, Andrea Garnero, Pascal Marianna, Sébastien Martin
There is little cross-country comparative evidence on the way labour market institutions shape gross job and worker flows, by and large because comparable data for many countries are scarce. By using a unique harmonised dataset on hirings and separations at the industry-level for a large...
  N° 106   14 Apr 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmh79zb2mmv.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/rising-youth-unemployment-during-the-crisis_5kmh79zb2mmv-en
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Rising Youth Unemployment During The Crisis
Stefano Scarpetta, Anne Sonnet, Thomas Manfredi
The global economic crisis has hit youth very hard. In the OECD area, the youth (15-24) unemployment rate rose by 6 percentage points in the two years to the end of 2009, to reach almost 19%. There are currently nearly 15 million youth unemployed in the OECD area, about four million more than...
  N° 105   04 Oct 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5km68fzhs2q4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/trends-in-pension-eligibility-ages-and-life-expectancy-1950-2050_5km68fzhs2q4-en
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Trends in Pension Eligibility Ages and Life Expectancy, 1950-2050
Rafal Chomik, Edward R. Whitehouse
The pensionable age is the most visible parameter of retirement-income systems. This paper surveys pensionable ages in the OECD for a period of a century: back to 1950 and forward to 2050. Average pensionable age in OECD countries dropped by nearly two years during the second half of the 20th...
  N° 104   18 Mar 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjnr7kqpls.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/israeli-child-policy-and-outcomes_5kmjnr7kqpls-en
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Israeli Child Policy and Outcomes
John Gal, Mimi Ajzenstadt, Asher Ben-Arieh, Roni Holler, Nadine Zielinsky
This report presents an overview of child policy in Israel. It covers a wide range of services and policies that are intended to further the wellbeing of children in Israel or that have an impact upon the wellbeing of children, including the fields of education, health, cash transfers, taxation...
  N° 103   19 Mar 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjnr8pbp6f.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/reforming-policies-on-foreign-workers-in-israel_5kmjnr8pbp6f-en
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Reforming Policies on Foreign Workers in Israel
Adriana Kemp
Since the early 1990s, Israel has enacted a managed migration scheme for low-skilled foreign workers. Originally designed to replace Palestinian cross-border workers from the Occupied Territories in the secondary labour market, in 2007 foreign workers comprised 8.7% of the private-sector labour...
  N° 102   18 Mar 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmjnrcfsskc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/labour-market-and-socio-economic-outcomes-of-the-arab-israeli-population_5kmjnrcfsskc-en
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Labour Market and Socio-Economic Outcomes of the Arab-Israeli Population
Jack Habib, Judith King, Assaf Ben Shoham, Abraham Wolde-Tsadick, Karen Lasky
Ce rapport s’intéresse à certains des principaux facteurs à prendre en compte concernant la situation des arabes israéliens sur le marché du travail : les écarts dans le capital humain (éducation, connaissance de l'informatique, maîtrise de l’hébreu) ; le lieu de résidence, la périphérie...
  N° 101   28 May 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmms0t7p1ms.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/trends-in-south-african-income-distribution-and-poverty-since-the-fall-of-apartheid_5kmms0t7p1ms-en
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Trends in South African Income Distribution and Poverty since the Fall of Apartheid
Murray Leibbrandt, Ingrid Woolard, Arden Finn, Jonathan Argent
This report presents a detailed analysis of changes in both poverty and inequality since the fall of Apartheid, and the potential drivers of such developments. Use is made of national survey data from 1993, 2000 and 2008. These data show that South Africa’s high aggregate level of income...
  N° 100   07 Jan 2010 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kmmw7qkkfkk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/minimum-income-benefits-in-oecd-countries_218402763872
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Minimum Income Benefits in OECD Countries
Herwig Immervoll
Almost all OECD countries operate comprehensive minimum-income programmes for working-age individuals, either as last-resort safety nets alongside primary income replacement benefits, or as the principal instrument for delivering social protection. Such safety-net benefits aim primarily at...
  N° 99   18 Nov 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ks6zq7hbj9p.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/happiness-and-age-cycles-return-to-start_220573570724
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Happiness and Age Cycles - Return to Start...?
Justina A.V. Fischer
Previous happiness research has explicitly assumed that subjective well-being is U-shaped in age. This paper sheds new light on this issue testing several functional forms. Using micro data from the World Values Survey on 44 000 persons in 30 economically advanced OECD countries with long...
  N° 98   23 Nov 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ks6wdz7jhvj.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/activation-policies-in-finland_220568650308
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Activation Policies in Finland
Nicola Duell, David Grubb, Shruti Singh
This report examines the performance of the Public Employment Service (PES) and the effectiveness of activation strategies in Finland. It covers the role of the key actors, the placement function of the PES, the structure of out-of-work benefits and the related incentives and disincentives for...
  N° 97   29 Oct 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ks8bv0t8g8x.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/children-of-immigrants-in-the-labour-markets-of-eu-and-oecd-countries_220823724345
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Children of Immigrants in the Labour Markets of EU and OECD Countries
Thomas Liebig, Sarah Widmaier
This document provides a first comparative overview of the presence and outcomes of the children of immigrants in the labour markets of OECD countries, based on a collection of data from 16 OECD countries with large immigrant populations. Its key findings are the following: • In about half of...
  N° 96   02 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ks5kmdfktjd.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/income-distribution-and-subjective-happiness_218860720683
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Income Distribution and Subjective Happiness
Claudia Senik
This survey summarises the insights that the new literature based on subjective data has shed on the issue of income inequality and income comparisons. It reviews the various channels that relate income distribution and subjective well-being. It considers the welfare effect of income gaps in...
  N° 95   15 Sep 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksb1lsxv3r0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/looking-inside-the-perpetual-motion-machine_221268684002
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Looking Inside the Perpetual-Motion Machine
Andrea Bassanini, Pascal Marianna
In the economic literature there is an increasing interest in the process of job creation and destruction as well of hirings and separations. Many studies suggest that idiosyncratic firm-level characteristics shape both job and worker flows in a similar way in all countries. Others argue that...
  N° 94   10 Sep 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksb2zwgdhr3.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/jobs-for-immigrants_221336486778
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Jobs for Immigrants
Thomas Liebig
Evidence from many OECD countries shows that immigrants, in particular recent arrivals, tend to be especially affected by an economic downturn. The available tentative evidence on unemployment suggests that this is also the case in Norway in the current downturn, particularly with respect to...
  N° 93   16 Sep 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksb1lxvb7vg.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-welfare-effects-of-social-mobility_221272634852
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The Welfare Effects of Social Mobility
Justina A.V. Fischer
The question whether a socially mobile society is conducive to subjective well-being (SWB) has rarely been investigated. This paper fills this gap by analyzing the SWB effects of intergenerational earnings mobility and equality in education at the societal level. Using socio-demographic...
  N° 92   13 Nov 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ks712h5cg7l.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/how-expensive-is-the-welfare-state_220615515052
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How Expensive is the Welfare State?
Willem Adema, Maxime Ladaique
This paper first presents information on trends and composition of social expenditure across the OECD. Gross public social expenditure on average across OECD increased from 16% of GDP in 1980 to 21% in 2005, of which public pensions (7% of GDP) and public health expenditure (6% of GDP) are the...
  N° 91   10 Aug 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kscmm2rb8tc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/should-pension-systems-recognise-hazardous-and-arduous-work_221835736557
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Should Pension Systems Recognise "Hazardous and Arduous Work"?
Asghar Zaidi, Edward R. Whitehouse
Special pensions for workers in hazardous or arduous jobs have long been a feature of the pension landscape and, recently, they are the subject of a great deal of debate in the pension arenas of many OECD countries. Such pensions are historically rooted in the idea that people who work...
  N° 90   20 Aug 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kscgm205q9q.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/going-separate-ways-school-to-work-transitions-in-the-united-states-and-europe_221717700447
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Going Separate Ways? School-to-Work Transitions in the United States and Europe
Glenda Quintini, Thomas Manfredi
This paper derives school-to-work transition pathways in the United States and Europe between the late 1990s and the early 2000s. To do so, it uses Optimal Matching, a technique developed to sequence DNA. The key advantage of using this technique is that, rather than focusing on a specific...
  N° 89   02 July 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksf7m6glc40.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/legislation-collective-bargaining-and-enforcement_223334316804
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Legislation, Collective Bargaining and Enforcement
Danielle Venn
This paper presents updated estimates of the OECD employment protection indicators for 30 OECD countries and 10 emerging economies and considers important aspects of employment protection other than those provided in legislation. Collective agreements often contain provisions relating to...
  N° 88   03 June 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksgq0v9gl0n.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/towards-a-framework-for-assessing-family-policies-in-the-eu_223883627348
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Towards a Framework for Assessing Family Policies in the EU
Henning Lohmann, Frauke H. Peter, Tine Rostgaard, Katharina Spiess
This report presents the results of a first attempt to create a framework for assessing the performance of national family policies. The report is part of a joint EU and OECD project, which aims to help the EU Government Expert Group on Demographic Issues in evaluating national family policies....
  N° 87   05 June 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksgq0xtx1vc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/investment-risk-and-pensions_224005547774
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Investment Risk and Pensions
Edward R. Whitehouse, Anna Christina D'Addio, Andrew Reilly
The current financial and economic crisis has highlighted the importance of investment risk for pension systems. In particular, the dramatic spread of defined-contribution pension provision around the world means that investment risk has a direct effect on living standards in old age. This...
  N° 86   08 Apr 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksksbt1qld3.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pension-reform-in-chile-revisited_224473276417
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Pension Reform in Chile Revisited
Augusto Iglesias-Palau
The paper describes Chile’s pension reform of 1980, which replaced the existing pay-as-you-go public pension programs by a new funded pension program managed by private companies (the "AFP´s"). It comments on the main results of this reform so far, and identifies the current challenges faced by...
  N° 85   08 Apr 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksksbtdfshf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/inequality-poverty-and-social-policy-recent-trends-in-chile_224516554144
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Inequality, Poverty and Social Policy: Recent Trends in Chile
Osvaldo Larrañaga
This report aims to outline the main trends in income distribution and poverty in Chile, as well as the role of social policy in these areas. The report includes five sections. First, it discusses recent trends in income inequality and poverty, including a brief overview of the data available...
  N° 84   09 Apr 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksksbwnn7jd.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pension-schemes-for-the-self-employed-in-oecd-countries_224535827846
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Pension Schemes for the Self-Employed in OECD Countries
Jongkyun Choi
The self-employed workers make up a small but significant minority of the workforce in many OECD countries. Moreover, transitions into and out of self-employment have become much more common for a larger group of workers. It is therefore of critical importance to review and assess the pension...
  N° 83   23 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksm377ffkr0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/work-jobs-and-well-being-across-the-millennium_225358873078
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Work, Jobs and Well-Being across the Millennium
Andrew E. Clark
This paper uses repeated cross-section data ISSP data from 1989, 1997 and 2005 to consider movements in job quality. It is first underlined that not having a job when you want one is a major source of low well-being. Second, job values have remained fairly stable over time, although workers...
  N° 82   23 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksm379k5v9x.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/child-well-being-and-sole-parent-family-structure-in-the-oecd_225407362040
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Child Well-Being and Sole-Parent Family Structure in the OECD
Simon Chapple
This paper addresses the causal impact of being raised in a sole-parent family on child well-being across the OECD. The question is answered by a cross-OECD meta-analysis and a literature review. There are widely varying rates of sole parenthood across the OECD. Rates of sole parenthood have...
  N° 81   20 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksm379vz6hc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/a-good-time-for-making-work-pay-taking-stock-of-in-work-benefits-and-related-measures-across-the-oecd_225442803245
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A Good Time for Making Work Pay? Taking Stock of In-Work Benefits and Related Measures across the OECD
Herwig Immervoll, Mark Pearson
The twin problem of in-work poverty and persistent labour market difficulties of low-skilled individuals has been one of the most important drivers of tax-benefit policy reforms in OECD countries in recent years. Employment-conditional cash transfers to individuals facing particular...
  N° 80   20 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksm37bhpbwl.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/main-features-of-the-public-employment-service-in-poland_225485542035
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Main Features of the Public Employment Service in Poland
Daniela Kalužná
This report describes the organisation of employment services, labour market programmes, unemployment insurance (UI) benefits and social assistance in Poland according to the legislation that was in force until January 2009, when the Act on employment promotion and labour market institutions...
  N° 79   18 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksm37fqzk7g.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/managing-highly-skilled-labour-migration_225505346577
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Managing Highly-Skilled Labour Migration
Jonathan Chaloff, Georges Lemaître
Most OECD countries expect growing shortages of highly-skilled labour in the coming two decades, and immigration is viewed as one way of addressing these. Most OECD countries have introduced policies aimed at facilitating the recruitment of such workers in recent years and efforts along these...
  N° 78   02 Mar 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksmdtd6bw7j.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/activation-policies-in-norway_226388712174
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Activation Policies in Norway
Nicola Duell, Shruti Singh, Peter Tergeist
This report examines the performance of the Public Employment Service (PES) and the effectiveness of activation strategies in Norway. It covers the role of the key actors in labour market policies, the placement function of the PES, the structure of benefits for the working-age population out...
  N° 77   28 Jan 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksnx39lm7zp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/pensions-purchasing-power-risk-inflation-and-indexation_227182142567
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Pensions, Purchasing-Power Risk, Inflation and Indexation
Edward R. Whitehouse
The rapid rise in inflation in 2006-07 has attracted attention – once again – both to how pensions systems should react to changes in prices, and to how they do so in practice. Although inflation is now falling as a result of lower commodity prices and weakening demand, this brings with it the...
  N° 76   23 Jan 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksnx3b4shlr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/an-evaluation-of-the-tax-transfer-treatment-of-married-couples-in-european-countries_227200406151
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An Evaluation of the Tax-Transfer Treatment of Married Couples in European Countries
Herwig Immervoll, Henrik Jacobsen Kleven, Claus Thustrup Kreiner, Nicolaj Verdelin
This paper presents an evaluation of the tax-transfer treatment of married couples in 15 EU countries using the EUROMOD microsimulation model. First, we show that many tax-transfer schemes in Europe feature negative jointness defined as a situation where the tax rate on one person depends...
  N° 75   08 Jan 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksq8s3tx4q8.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/activation-policies-in-ireland_227626803333
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Activation Policies in Ireland
David Grubb, Shruti Singh, Peter Tergeist
In Ireland the placement function of the Public Employment Service (PES) is primarily within FÁS, the Training and Employment Authority, which is supervised by the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment (DETE). But employment counselling services are also provided by the "Local...
  N° 74   09 Dec 2008 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kz7wtfjwhf3.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/main-features-of-the-public-employment-service-in-the-czech-republic_230150403603
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Main Features of the Public Employment Service in the Czech Republic
Daniela Kalužná
in 1991 when the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic commenced transition to a market economy. Labour offices, in addition to providing placement and related services, manage jobseeker retraining and subsidies for job creation, administer unemployment insurance benefits, and provide guidance for...
  N° 73   21 Nov 2008 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kz7wtcjb4f3.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/long-time-series-for-public-expenditure-on-labour-market-programmes_230128514343
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Long time series for public expenditure on labour market programmes
David Grubb, Agnès Puymoyen
The OECD has collected data for public expenditure on labour market programmes (LMPs) continuously since the mid-1980s. For most longstanding Member countries, data according to a consistent classification system and definition of scope are available for reference years 1985 to 2002. Starting...
  N° 72   20 Nov 2008 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kz7wtkjmrtg.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/main-features-of-the-public-employment-service-in-the-slovak-republic_230166268277
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Main Features of the Public Employment Service in the Slovak Republic
Daniela Kalužná
This report documents the main features of the Public Employment Service (PES) in Slovak Republic, with attention to unemployment benefit administration as well as employment services. The current institutional structure was established in 2004. The Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and...
  N° 71   05 Dec 2008 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kz82v2fjrhg.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/socio-economic-differences-in-mortality_231747416062
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Socio-Economic Differences in Mortality
Edward R. Whitehouse, Asghar Zaidi
The analyses included in the report show that there are big socio-economic differences in mortality, especially for men, and they appear to have become bigger over time. The report discusses implications of mortality differentials for five major areas of pension policy: the progressivity of the...
  N° 70   09 June 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksgq0zb31xx.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/investment-risk-and-pensions_224016838064
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Investment Risk and Pensions
Anna Christina D'Addio, José Seisdedos, Edward R. Whitehouse
This paper explores how uncertainty over investment returns affects pension systems. This issue is becoming more important because of the dramatic spread of defined-contribution pension provision around the world. It has also been highlighted by the recent financial crisis: the OECD estimates...
  N° 69   29 Jan 2009 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5ksnx3dd90hg.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/filling-the-pension-gap_227200770711
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Filling the Pension Gap
Pablo Antolín, Edward R. Whitehouse
The current generation of workers can expect lower pension benefits in retirement than the current generation of pensioners. Private, voluntary pension savings will therefore play a greater role in providing for old age. This paper calculates the size of the "pension gap": the difference...
  N° 68   23 Oct 2008 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kz7wtlb8c43.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-impact-of-foreign-direct-investment-on-wages-and-working-conditions_230184240223
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The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Wages and Working Conditions
Elena Arnal, Alexander Hijzen
Foreign direct investment (FDI) by OECD-based multinational enterprises (MNEs) in developing and emerging economies has increased dramatically over the past two decades. While generally perceived as beneficial for local development, it has also raised concerns about unfair competition and the...
  N° 67   01 Oct 2008 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kzc5ntddxr1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-dynamics-of-social-assistance-receipt_236346714741
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The Dynamics of Social Assistance Receipt
Lorenzo Cappellari, Stephen P. Jenkins
We model the dynamics of social assistance benefit receipt in Britain using data from the British Household Panel Survey, waves 1–15. First, we discuss definitions of social assistance benefit receipt, and present information about the trends between 1991 and 2005 in the receipt of social...
  N° 66   30 June 2008 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kzhg5v9z9hk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/reforming-retirement-income-systems_241083644101
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Reforming Retirement-Income Systems
John P. Martin, Edward R. Whitehouse
1. Reforming pensions looms large over the policy agenda of OECD countries. This is hardly surprising since public spending on pensions accounted on average for 7 per cent of OECD GDP in 2005; and this pension spending effort is set to increase significantly over the coming decades in response...
  N° 65   28 May 2008 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kzk76std6nx.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/the-joint-distribution-of-household-income-and-wealth_241506164527
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The Joint Distribution of Household Income and Wealth
Markus Jantti, Eva Sierminska, Tim Smeeding
This report looks at the extent to which household net worth and disposable income are correlated across individuals. After having briefly discussed the importance of better information on household wealth for social policies, the paper describes the main features of the Luxembourg Wealth Study...
  N° 64   26 June 2008 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5kzhg5vv420r.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/a-review-of-studies-on-the-distributional-impact-of-consumption-taxes-in-oecd-countries_241103736767
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A Review of Studies on the Distributional Impact of Consumption Taxes in OECD Countries
Neil Warren
Consumption taxes are only rarely assessed for their impact on the economic well-being of individuals. This paper reviews various studies on this issue. It first describes the large differences in the size and structure of these taxes among OECD countries, and then reviews the types of...
  N° 63   09 Nov 2007 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5l4cz74l7vr7.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/globalisation-and-labour-markets_057638253043
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Globalisation and Labour Markets
David T. Coe
Globalisation is having important effects on labour markets in OECD countries. The global supply of labour has increased enormously with the emergence of China and India. At the same time technological advances have contributed to heightened income inequality and changed the nature of...
  N° 61   05 Oct 2007 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5l4f90fnrjmn.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/addressing-labour-market-duality-in-korea_058184274204
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Addressing Labour Market Duality in Korea
David Grubb, Jae-Kap Lee, Peter Tergeist
The Korean labor market has created many jobs over the past several decades, accompanying rapid economic growth. More recently, this favorable job performance has gone hand-in-hand with a rapid increase of temporary employment and other flexible or atypical work arrangements (usually called...
  N° 60   05 Oct 2007 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5l4f90g7pvzs.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/life-expectancy-risk-and-pensions_060025254440
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Life-Expectancy Risk and Pensions
Edward R. Whitehouse
Two-thirds of pension reforms in OECD countries in the last 15 years contain measures that will automatically link future pensions to changes in life expectancy. This quiet revolution in pension policy means that the financial costs of longer lives will be shared between generations subject to...
  N° 59   01 Oct 2007 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5l4f90gx255f.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/audit-du-service-public-de-l-emploi-au-luxembourg_063038152436
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Audit du service public de l'emploi au Luxembourg
David Grubb
Le taux de chômage au Luxembourg - minime pendant les années 70 et 80 puis en forte augmentation, bien que toujours bas par rapport aux autres pays, dans les années 90 - est depuis 2004 à près de 5%. Ce rapport compare d’abord la situation au Luxembourg avec celle de "pays de référence" qui ont également un bon niveau de protection sociale,...
  N° 58   27 Sep 2007 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5l4f90k6z45g.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/trend-in-international-migration-flows-and-stocks-1975-2005_063461607124
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Trend in International Migration Flows and Stocks,1975-2005
B. Lindsay Lowell
This paper discusses broad trends in the rates and levels of international migration over the past three decades, the places that migrants leave from and the destinations they choose; and some of the demographic and policy implications of these trends. It raises some features of international...
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