OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers

ISSN: 
1815-199X (online)
DOI: 
10.1787/1815199x
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected labour market, social policy and migration studies prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language - English or French - with a summary in the other.
 

NEET Youth in the Aftermath of the Crisis

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English
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5js6363503f6.pdf
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Author(s):
Stéphane Carcillo1, Rodrigo Fernández1, Sebastian Königs1, Andreea Minea2
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

  • 2: Sciences Po, Paris, France

26 Feb 2015
Bibliographic information
No.:
164
Pages:
109
DOI: 
10.1787/5js6363503f6-en

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This paper presents an overview of the situation of youth in OECD countries since the onset of the financial crisis focusing primarily on describing the characteristics and living conditions of youth not in employment, education or training (the ‘NEETs’). It also provides data on the availability, coverage and effectiveness of income-support policies for young people, and summarises available evidence on the impact of interventions that aim at improving the social, education and employment situation of the most disadvantaged youth. Due to the paper’s explicit focus on the hardest-to-place, most disadvantaged youth, the range of policies covered is broader than in earlier studies on the same topic, including various social benefits and in-kind services targeted at this group. The paper shows that NEET rates have not yet recovered from the crisis. There are large differences in youth unemployment and inactivity across countries, and these differences were further exacerbated by the recession. Reducing NEET rates is a great challenge for governments, as youth who remain jobless for long periods typically come from more disadvantaged backgrounds, have low levels of educational attainment, and are in many cases inactive. There is substantial evidence, however, that even the most disadvantaged youth can benefit from a variety of targeted interventions, including for instance special education programmes and mentoring.
JEL Classification:
  • I25: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Education and Economic Development
  • I28: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Government Policy
  • J13: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics / Fertility ; Family Planning ; Child Care ; Children ; Youth
  • J15: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics / Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants ; Non-labor Discrimination
  • J21: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demand and Supply of Labor / Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
  • J24: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demand and Supply of Labor / Human Capital ; Skills ; Occupational Choice ; Labor Productivity
  • J38: Labor and Demographic Economics / Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs / Public Policy
 
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