- 1815-2015 (online)
This series is designed to make available to a wider readership health studies prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language - English or French - with a summary in the other.
Measuring Disparities in Health Status and in Access and Use of Health Care in OECD Countries
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- Michael de Looper1, Gaetan Lafortune
- Author Affiliations
- 1: OECD, France
- 09 Mar 2009
- Bibliographic information
Most OECD countries have endorsed as major policy objectives the reduction of inequalities in health status and the principle of adequate or equal access to health care based on need. These policy objectives require an evidence-based approach to measure progress. This paper assesses the availability and comparability of selected indicators of inequality in health status and in health care access and use across OECD countries, focussing on disparities among socioeconomic groups. These indicators are illustrated using national or cross-national data sources to stratify populations by income, education or occupation level. In each case, people in lower socioeconomic groups tend to have a higher rate of disease, disability and death, use less preventive and specialist health services than expected on the basis of their need, and for certain goods and services may be required to pay a proportionately higher share of their income to do so.
- JEL Classification:
- I10: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / General
- I18: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / Government Policy ; Regulation ; Public Health
- J10: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics / General