OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers

1815-199X (online)
Hide / Show Abstract
This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected labour market, social policy and migration studies prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language - English or French - with a summary in the other.

LGBTI in OECD Countries

A Review You or your institution have access to this content

Click to Access: 
  • PDF
  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/lgbti-in-oecd-countries_d5d49711-en
  • READ
Marie-Anne Valfort
22 June 2017
Bibliographic information

Hide / Show Abstract

This paper presents an overview of the socio-economic situation of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, transgender and intersex people (LGBTI), primarily in OECD countries. After investigating the size of this population, the paper zooms in on attitudes toward LGBTI, LGBTI rights and perceived discrimination among LGBTI. It goes on to discuss the empirical strategies used to identify whether LGBTI fare worse than non-LGBTI and provides a systematic review of survey-based and experimental evidence on such an “LGBTI penalty” and its causes. This exploration points to substantial hurdles for LGBTI. In particular, (i) low legal recognition of same-sex couples hampers partnership stability and children’s well-being; (ii) LGBTI are bullied at school and suffer academically; (iii) LGBTI face hiring and wage discrimination; (iv) LGBTI show higher rates of physical and mental health problems, in particular due to social rejection. The paper concludes by reviewing anti-discrimination policies and defining critical avenues for future research.
LGBTI, bisexual, family, housing market, health, well-being, transgender, poverty, education, intersex, lesbian, gay, labour market, discrimination
JEL Classification:
  • D10: Microeconomics / Household Behavior and Family Economics / Household Behavior: General
  • I10: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / Health: General
  • I20: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Education and Research Institutions: General
  • I30: Health, Education, and Welfare / Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty / Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty: General
  • J12: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics / Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
  • J13: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics / Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
  • J15: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics / Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
  • J16: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics / Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
  • J70: Labor and Demographic Economics / Labor Discrimination / Labor Discrimination: General
Visit the OECD web site