Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)
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Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)

Labour Market Integration in Italy

Until the mid-1990s, the share of migrants in Italy was relatively low in international comparison. With a persistent demand for foreign workers in low-skilled and low-paid jobs, the proximity of conflict areas and the enlargement of the European Union to Romania and Bulgaria in 2007, migration to Italy increased rapidly over the last 15 years. This report presents an overview of the skills and qualifications of immigrants in Italy, their key labour market outcomes in international comparison, and their evolution over time, given the highly segmented Italian labour market and its high share of informal jobs.

It analyses the framework for integration and the main integration policy instruments. Special attention is paid to funding issues and to the distribution of competences between national and sub-national actors. Finally, this report reviews the integration at school and the school-to-work transition of the children of immigrants

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Use of CO data in the review You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD

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Random effects models have been applied to CO data (obligatory contributions sent by employers to public employment services) to test the relative wage progression of immigrants since 2009. This kind of model is applied to the analysis of longitudinal data and allows to control for unobserved heterogeneity when this heterogeneity is constant over time and correlated with the independent variables. The main assumption of this model is that the individual specific effects are uncorrelated with the independent variable.

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