Investing in Youth

2412-6357 (online)
2412-6330 (print)
Hide / Show Abstract

The series Investing in Youth builds on the expertise of the OECD on youth employment, social support and skills. It covers both OECD countries and countries in the process of accession to the OECD, as well as some emerging economies.

Investing in Youth: Brazil

Investing in Youth: Brazil You do not have access to this content

Click to Access:
  • PDF
  • READ
10 Apr 2014
9789264208988 (PDF) ;9789264208971(print)

Hide / Show Abstract

This report provides a detailed diagnosis of the youth labour market and education system in Brazil. It takes an international comparative perspective, offering policy options to help improve school-to-work transitions. It also provides an opportunity for other countries to learn from the innovative measures that Brazil has taken to strengthen the skills of youth and their employment outcomes.

loader image

Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Table of Contents

  • Mark Click to Access
  • Foreword

    As highlighted in the OECD Action Plan for Youth, successful engagement of youth in the labour market is crucial not only for their own personal economic prospects and well-being, but also for overall economic growth and social cohesion. Therefore, investing in youth is a policy priority in all countries, including Brazil, and requires concerted action to develop education systems and labour market arrangements that work together well.

  • Abbreviations and acronyms
  • Executive summary

    In recent years, Brazil has combined strong economic performance with consistently falling unemployment rates. Despite this, young people in Brazil face significant labour market difficulties: they are over three times more likely to be unemployed than adults; the proportion of youth neither in employment, nor in education or training (NEET) is higher than in OECD countries; a very large portion of the unemployed have been out of a job for a year or more; the quality of jobs held by youth is often poor; job turnover high; and strong inequalities persist along gender, geographical and racial lines.

  • Assessment and policy options

    Over the last decade, the Brazilian economy has grown at an average rate of 3.5% per year. Labour market conditions reflect this strong economic performance. Unemployment rates have fallen consistently and have reached their lowest levels since the new series began in 2002. In September 2013, the unemployment rate in Brazil’s six largest metropolitan areas stood at 5.4%, down from 13% in September 2003.

  • Chapter 1. Youth and the labour market in Brazil

    This chapter provides an overview of how youth are faring in the labour market in Brazil, using key labour market indicators and an analysis of school-to-work transitions, and compares the situation of Brazilian youth to that of young people in OECD countries and some emerging economies.

  • Chapter 2. Education and training for Brazilian youth

    This chapter describes education in Brazil, demonstrating close links between how much youth have studied and their labour market outcomes. It looks at the performance of Brazil’s education system in recent years, at key government policies that have successfully raised the educational attainment of Brazilian youth, as well as at the challenges that lie ahead.

  • Chapter 3. Demand-side factors driving youth employment in Brazil

    This chapter explores a range of demand-side issues, such as skills shortages and mismatches, the costs of wages and social security, and their impact on youth employment in Brazil.

  • Chapter 4. The role of welfare and activation policies in Brazil

    This chapter analyses both active and passive labour market policies aimed at youth in Brazil. It discusses the role of the public employment service, unemployment insurance and severance pay in helping youth find work, as well as the effect on work incentives of welfare programmes like Bolsa Família. The chapter also looks at Brazil’s largest labour market policy for youth ProJovem, and discusses the possible role that entrepreneurship programmes and hiring subsidies could play.

  • Add to Marked List
Visit the OECD web site