International Migration Outlook 2016
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International Migration Outlook 2016

The 2016 edition of the International Migration Outlook analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries, and looks at the evolution of the labour market outcomes of recent immigrants in OECD countries. The report includes two special chapters: “The economic impact of migration: Why the local level matters” and "International migration following environmental and geopolitical shocks: How can OECD countries respond?", as well as country notes and a statistical annex.

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Chapter
 

International migration following environmental and geopolitical shocks: How can OECD countries respond? You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD

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Environmental and geopolitical shocks – i.e. sudden, often unpredictable, changes with sweeping social and economic consequences – are often associated with large-scale migration flows both within and across borders. All these events have, to different degrees, put legal migration and protection systems under strain.The chapter analyses how OECD countries have responded to major shock-related migration in recent times and identifies key lessons learnt. It also explores the various options for more structural responses – notably the use of alternative legal migration pathway for refugees – with the objective of improving the responsiveness and efficiency of migration and protection systems to both environmental and geopolitical shocks. The chapter also analyses the actual and potential use of alternative migration pathways in response to the Syrian crisis.The analysis highlights three important lessons: i) effective international co-operation cannot be taken for granted; ii) protracted crises generate growing tensions between the need to find durable solutions and the general preference for short-term protection measures; iii) selection, which is a common feature of most migration systems, needs to be rethought in the context of the international protection framework.

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