International Migration Outlook 2010
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International Migration Outlook 2010

This annual publication analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries. It looks at the contribution of immigration to changes in the working-age population in the past decade, and the role of migration inflows at projected levels in driving growth of the working-age population in the next decade. It presents information on  international students, including a first attempt to calculate the rates at which these students remain in their host countries after the completion of their studies.  

This publication also explores the main changes introduced in migration policies, including new laws governing  immigrant entry, stay and access to the labour market. The selective recruitment of immigrants according to labour market needs and points-based systems is described, as well as measures to facilitate the integration of immigrants. International co-operation to improve border control and to combat irregular migration is analysed in detail. 

The impact of the economic crisis on the labour market outcomes of immigrants is examined, taking into consideration gender, sectors of employment and different types of contracts, as well as the demographic dynamics of native and foreign-born populations during the period under review. 

The reader will also find in this book two special chapters on topical issues. The first addresses the determinants of public opinion regarding migration, reviewing opinion surveys to identify individual determinants and examining the role of different stakeholders in shaping opinion.  The second chapter presents an in-depth study of the impact of naturalisation on the labour market outcomes of immigrants, exploring how acquisition of citizenship can increase opportunities.

Country notes, together with standardised tables, describe recent developments in migration movements and policies.

The statistical annex contains the latest data on migration flows, foreign and foreign-born populations, and naturalisations. This book includes StatLinks, URLs under statistical graphs and tables linking to the underlying statistical data.

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Author(s):
OECD

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Standardised statistics on permanent-type migration indicate a 4.3% increase in France in 2008, as 167 500 new entries were recorded compared to 160 700 a year before. Labour migration accounts for the bulk of this increase with about 6 000 additional long-term work permits granted to non-EU citizens in 2008 compared to the previous year, some of which were granted under a limited regularisation programme for irregular migrants employed in selected occupations. Migration from new EU member countries is also rising, in part due to introduction of shortage occupation lists. Family reunification still comprises more than 50% of total permanent-type migration flows to France in 2008, free movement being estimated at around 20%, while work related migration from third countries and humanitarian migration account respectively for 14% and 7%. Nevertheless, the total number of new permits issued for family reunification decreased slightly in 2008, from 88 100 to 86 900. This trend has continued and accelerated in 2009, partly because of the implementation of measures introduced by the law on immigration, integration and asylum which came into force on 20 November 2007, aimed at creating a new balance between labour migration and family migration.
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