Migration to OECD countries has been sharply rising over the past two decades and in recent years labour migration has significantly increased. This publication first examines the economic crisis and its impact on international migration, describes how flows and migration policy have been recently affected by the crisis, and analyses the forecast medium and long-term impact. Then, it turns to the management of labour migration, both of the highly and lesser skilled. It examines how countries should prepare now for future labour market demand and how best to redirect irregular migration into authorised channels. A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each table and graph. It directs the reader to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel® format.Click to Access:
- 30 June 2009
Workers Crossing Borders
A Road-map for Managing Labour Migration
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With fewer young people entering the labour market and baby-boomers retiring, many OECD countries have been looking to labour migration to help fill the expected shortfalls in labour supply over the coming decades. Although international migration is not the only way to address these shortfalls – technology, outsourcing and greater mobilisation of the domestic labour supply are others – it may play an important role in satisfying needs in certain occupations and in certain countries. At the same time, labour migration management has become an imperative, because of concerns about competition with native workers and the persistence of irregular migration and because the labour market outcomes of past immigrants and their children have not always been as favourable as expected. Public opinion in many OECD countries may not be willing to encourage further significant labour migration if these issues are not resolved.
Also available in French