OECD Health Working Papers

ISSN: 
1815-2015 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/18152015
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership health studies prepared for use within the OECD. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language - English or French - with a summary in the other.
 

Health, Austerity and Economic Crisis

Assessing the Short-term Impact in OECD countries You or your institution have access to this content

English
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jxx71lt1zg6-en.pdf
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Author(s):
Kees van Gool1, Mark Pearson
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

01 Sep 2014
Bibliographic information
No.:
76
Pages:
54
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5jxx71lt1zg6-en

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The economic crisis that started in 2008 has had a profound impact on the lives of citizens. Millions of people lost their job, saw their life-savings disappear and experienced prolonged financial hardship. The economic crisis has also led a number of OECD governments to introduce austerity measures to reduce public deficits. The health sector, like many other social welfare programmes, has witnessed extensive spending cuts and has also been the subject of substantial reforms. The combined effects of economic crisis, austerity and reforms have led many OECD health systems into unchartered territory.

This paper looks at the impact of economic crisis on health and health care. It summarises findings from the published literature on the effects of economic crisis that took place over the past few decades and also describes recent health policy reforms, focusing on those countries where the economic crisis has hit hardest. Finally, this paper analyses the empirical relationship between unemployment and health care use, quality and health outcomes, using data from OECD Health Statistics. In doing so, it investigates whether the effects of unemployment on health outcomes have been extenuated by austerity measures...

JEL Classification:
  • C23: Mathematical and Quantitative Methods / Single Equation Models ; Single Variables / Panel Data Models ; Spatio-temporal Models
  • H51: Public Economics / National Government Expenditures and Related Policies / Government Expenditures and Health
  • I10: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / General
  • I18: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / Government Policy ; Regulation ; Public Health
 
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