Health at a Glance 2009
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Health at a Glance 2009

OECD Indicators

This fifth edition of Health at a Glance provides the latest comparable data on different aspects of the performance of health systems in OECD countries. It provides striking evidence of large variations across countries in the costs, activities and results of health systems. Key indicators provide information on health status, the determinants of health, health care activities and health expenditure and financing in OECD countries.

This edition also contains new chapters on the health workforce and on access to care, an important policy objective in all OECD countries. The chapter on quality of care has been extended to include a set of indicators on the quality of care for chronic conditions.

Each indicator in the book is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability. An annex provides additional information on the demographic and economic context within which health systems operate, as well as a concise description of key characteristics in health system financing and delivery of services in OECD countries.

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Publication Date :
08 Dec 2009
DOI :
10.1787/health_glance-2009-en
 
Chapter
 

In-hospital mortality following acute myocardial infarction You or your institution have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
Pages :
122–123
DOI :
10.1787/health_glance-2009-51-en

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Although coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the leading cause of death in most industrialised countries, mortality rates have declined since the 1970s (see Indicator 1.4 "Mortality from heart disease and stroke"). Much of the reduction can be attributed to lower mortality from acute myocardial infarction (AMI), due to better treatment in the acute phase. Care for AMI has changed dramatically in recent decades, with the introduction of coronary care units in the 1960s (Khush et al., 2005) and with the advent of treatment aimed at rapidly restoring coronary blood flow in the 1980s (Gil et al., 1999). This success is all the more remarkable as data suggest that the incidence of AMI has not declined (Goldberg et al., 1999; Parikh et al., 2009). However, numerous studies have shown that a considerable proportion of AMI patients fail to receive evidence-based care (Eagle et al., 2005). AMI accounts for about half of the deaths from CAD, with the cost of care for CAD accounting for as much as 10% of health care expenditures in industrialised countries (OECD, 2003a).
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