Globalisation, Migration and Development

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
02 Feb 2000
Pages :
200
ISBN :
9789264180413 (PDF) ; 9789264171664 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264180413-en

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Will the extension of trade liberalisation and increases in foreign direct investment accompanying the process of regional integration and globalisation contribute over the long-term to a greater control over migration flows? To what extent can an acceleration in economic convergence and the implementation of measures facilitating the exchange of highly skilled labour be expected to promote sustainable development in the countries of high emigration potential? This publication seeks to give an answer to these questions. It highlights the contrasts which characterise the demographic and economic situations in Central and Eastern Europe, in the Mediterranean Basin, in North America and in Asia. It identifies the conditions which would favour greater regional integration and reduce over the long-term the incentives to emigrate: the implementation of public sector reforms; the development of the socio-economic infrastructure; the implementation of measures to improve the functioning of financial systems, to attract foreign direct investment and to promote technology transfer and innovation diffusion. Finally, it points to the geopolitical aspects of regional integration and the important role that the greater enhancement of human resources should play in future migration policies.
Also available in: French

 

Introduction
Part 1. Globalisation, Regional Integration and Migration
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Indicators of Regionalisation in North America, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe, and the Mediterranean Basis by I. Bensidoun and A. Chevallier
-Can One Really Talk of the Globalisation of Migration Flows? by G. Tapinos and D. Delaunay
-Regional Integration and Migration Flows: A Critical Review of Recent Literature by L. Assous
Part II. Economic Growth, Direct Investment and Migration
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Regional Integration, Migration, Growth and Direct Investment: A Reading of the Economic Literature by D. Cogneau, J-C Dumont, and E-M Mouhoud
--Comments by J. Martin
-Trade Liberalisation, Foreign Direct Investment, and Growth in Semi-Industrialised Countries: Overview and Empirical Analysis by F. Toutain
-Economic Integration of Portugal and the European Union: Effect of Direct Investment, Migration, and Employment by M. Ramos
Part III. What Direction Should Employment and Migration Policies Take in Order to Strengthen Regional Integration?
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The Geopolitical Dimenion of Regional Integration by G. Hidouci
-The Social Dimension of Regional Integration by J. Evans
-Labor Mobility and Human Resources Development Practices by D. Papademetriou
Conclusion