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The populations living in the Nordic countries have expanded rapidly during the last centuries. Though, some regions have experienced a decline in the population during the years, all of the Nordic countries have experienced growth. The share of population 80 years or older has increased since 1990. This increase is partly due to the fact that the death rate has fallen for almost all age groups and partly that the number of births has been low during the same period. Immigration includes both returning citizens and citizens of a foreign nation who have been granted permission to stay and are registered with the public authorities. A large proportion of the migration occurs between and among the Nordic countries themselves, largely as the result of the free labour market and liberal rules for the exchange of students in the Nordic countries. For more information:

Keywords:  demography, immigration, population, asylum, migration

Fertility rate You or your institution have access to this content

Nordic Council of Ministers

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This indicator shows the total fertility rate in the Nordic region which is the total number of live births per 1 000 women who survive the reproductive period of their lives (age 15-49) given that they all gave birth to the exact number of children specified in a given year's fertility rate within each group. For more information:

Keywords:  live births, fertility, fertility rate, children
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