Equal Opportunities?

Equal Opportunities?

The Labour Market Integration of the Children of Immigrants You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
12 May 2010
Pages :
256
ISBN :
9789264086395 (PDF) ; 9789264082397 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264086395-en

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The integration of the children of immigrants – both those born in the host country (the "second generation") and those who arrived young enough to be educated in the host country – is of growing policy relevance for OECD countries. This group is entering the labour market in ever larger numbers, and their outcomes are often seen as the benchmark for successful integration policy.

The labour market integration of the children of immigrants is an area where comparative international knowledge is gradually evolving, but still underdeveloped. Recent work by the OECD has shown that the children of immigrants tend to have lower employment outcomes than the children of natives in most countries.

This technical seminar proceedings sheds light on the issues involved in the labour market integration of the children of immigrants, and discusses policy answers and good practices. The seminar was organised jointly by the the EU Commission and the OECD Secretariat in Brussels on 1 and 2 October 2009.

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    Main findings
    The integration of the children of immigrants – both those born in the host country ("second generation") and those who arrived young enough to be educated in the host country – is of growing policy relevance for OECD countries. This group is entering the labour market in ever-larger numbers. Since these children of immigrants have been raised and educated in the host country, their outcomes are often seen as the "benchmark" for successful integration policy. Concern over labour market integration is particularly pertinent for those children whose parents were low-educated.
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    Overview
    This chapter provides a first comparative overview of the presence and outcomes of the children of immigrants in the labour markets of OECD and EU countries, based on a collection of data from 16 OECD countries with large immigrant populations.
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Main Determinants of Educational and Labour Market Outcomes

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      The Integration of the Children of Immigrants in European Cities
      This chapter uses a unique survey of children of immigrants from Turkey, Morocco and ex-Yugoslavia, and children of natives in 13 major European cities to closely compare their educational and labour market outcomes.
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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/social-issues-migration-health/equal-opportunities/seeking-success-in-canada-and-the-united-states_9789264086395-4-en
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      Seeking Success in Canada and the United States
      This chapter reviews recent research on the determinants of the labour market outcomes of the children of immigrants in Canada and the United States. New research on outcomes in Canada is also presented.
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      Main Determinants of Educational and Labour Market Outcomes
      This chapter compares the evidence on the labour market integration of the children of immigrants in the European OECD countries with that in North America. It discusses both the outcomes and their determinants.
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      Labour Market Characteristics and their Impact on the Integration of Immigrants' Offspring
      This chapter focuses on demand-side explanations of the employment differences between children of immigrants and children of natives. Three issues are highlighted: recruiting through networks, discrimination and labour market institutions.
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Facilitating the Integration of Children of Immigrants in Education and the Labour Market

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      Policy Options for Improving the Educational Outcomes of the Children of Immigrants
      This chapter identifies the different factors that contribute to the educational disadvantage of migrant students and reviews a range of policy options to narrow the achievement gap between natives and migrants.
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      School Segregation
      This chapter reviews the available evidence on the impact of the ethnic and socio-economic composition of the school on students’ education outcomes. It also discusses policy options aimed at achieving a more equal distribution of children of immigrants across schools.
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      Enhancing Diversity through Affirmative Action
      This chapter reviews the experience in the United States with "affirmative action" in employment and higher education for underrepresented minorities and women, and what it implies for other countries who might consider such policies to help the children of immigrants become better integrated in their economies and societies.
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      Mainstreaming the Flemish Employment Equity and Diversity Policy

      This chapter provides an overview of the Flemish Employment Equity and Diversity Policy, one of the pillars of the Flemish integration policy towards immigrants and their children.

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      Policies to Enhance Diversity in Recruitment and Professional Development
      This chapter provides an overview of the policies in France to enhance diversity and recruitment and professional development. It also discusses the difficulties encountered by young people from an immigrant background when they enter the French labour market.
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    Annex A. Programme of the joint technical seminar on the labour market integration of the children of immigrants, co-organised by the European Commission and the OECD
    The introductory session provided an overview of the labour market outcomes of the children of immigrants across the OECD, based on new data collected by the OECD Secretariat. The first session looked at the main determinants of educational and labour market outcomes of the children of migrants, with two presentations contrasting the situation in European OECD countries (based on new data from the project "The Integration of the European Second Generation") and North America, followed by discussion of the implications of these findings. The session also included a brief presentation of the main findings of the OECD work on the school-to-work transition. It ended with a discussion of the impact of labour market institutions and characteristics on integration.
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