Connecting with Emigrants

Connecting with Emigrants

A Global Profile of Diasporas You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
05 Oct 2012
Pages :
380
ISBN :
9789264177949 (PDF) ; 9789264177932 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264177949-en

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The potential of diasporas as a source of economic and social development in origin countries and whether diasporas could help foster development depend on their characteristics, such as size, composition, skill levels and degree of concentration, but also on the degree of integration into the destination countries and the economic, political and social environment in origin countries. Governments of origin and destination countries can indeed facilitate the involvement of diasporas, by supporting networks, by facilitating communication channels with the country of origin, by creating an enabling environment, or – more directly – by easing skill mobility and use. In this regard, the capacity to characterise the profile of diasporas is instrumental.

This joint OECD/AFD publication includes 140 country notes summarising diaspora sizes, including the number of children of migrants born in the destination countries; the characteristics of emigrant populations (gender, age, education, labour market outcomes); the numbers and main destinations of international students; recent migrant flows to OECD countries; and information on the desire to emigrate of different population groups. The country note information is grouped into six regions: Asia and Oceania; Latin America and the Caribbean; OECD countries; Non-OECD Europe and Central Asia; Middle East and North Africa; and Sub-Saharan Africa. The situation in each region is introduced by a separate chapter, which looks at historical migration trends, the main characteristics of diasporas originating from the region, and likely future developments and challenges.

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  • Click to Access:  Foreword

    The worldwide stock of international migrants has risen significantly in recent decades, from 77 million persons in 1960 to an estimated 214 million in 2010 – an increase of 177% – equivalent to just over 3% of the global population in 2010. In addition, the composition of migrant communities has also gone through major changes with more high-skilled migrants, more migrant women and a diversification of both countries of origin and destination. In the meantime, contacts with the origin countries have been greatly facilitated as a result of both recent advances in information and communication technology and decreasing transportation costs. In this context, the potential impact of diasporas on the development of origin countries has become a crucial issue for governments and development agencies.

  • Click to Access:  Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Click to Access:  Diasporas – Definition, Data and Dynamics

    The potential contribution of a diaspora to the economic and social development of its country of origin will depend on many factors, such as its size, average skill level, wealth, seniority and degree of organisation. This chapter presents a panorama of the diasporas, including children of immigrants, in OECD countries and discusses some of the main challenges and opportunities involved with channeling their economic potential to support the development of origin countries. Looking forward, the chapter also presents data on the desire to emigrate for different population groups, based on the results of the Gallup World Poll Survey.

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