Development Co-operation Report 2016
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branch II. Profiles of development co-operation providers
  branch Providers of development co-operation beyond the DAC: Trends and profiles

This section presents information on the volume and key features of the development co-operation provided by countries that are not members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC). Estimated development co-operation flows by 29 providers beyond the DAC reached USD 33 billion in 2014, compared to USD 24 billion in 2013. The section includes the 19 providers who report to the OECD on their development co-operation programmes, as well as 10 other providers that are priority partners for the DAC. For these latter countries, the OECD estimates the volume of their programme based on official government reports, complemented by web-based research (mainly on contributions to multilateral organisations). The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the only private funding entity currently reporting to the OECD, is also included in this section.

The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.

This section was prepared by Willem Luijkx in collaboration with Juan Casado-Asensio, Michael Laird, Nadine Piefer and Ann Zimmerman of the Development Co-operation Directorate, OECD.

One of the main changes in the international development co-operation landscape in recent years has been the substantial attention given to providers of development co-operation that are not members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC). 46 Although often referred to as a single group, these providers are, in fact, quite heterogeneous and include the “BRICS” (Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa), as well as Latin American and Southeast Asian countries that are mostly middle-income countries and both provide and receive development co-operation. Their development co-operation is often rooted in the tradition of South-South co-operation. Arab countries – which have a long tradition of providing development co-operation – are also often included in this group, along with several middle and high-income countries in Central and South East Europe as well as some countries in south Caucasus and Central Asia.

As their development co-operation programmes grow, there is an increasing demand for information on these countries' programmes. For partner countries in particular, it is important to know more about the financial flows that are reaching them. Policy makers from these partner countries need this information to make informed decisions and to co-ordinate their activities. Publishing these data also allows researchers to study these countries' programmes, and the general public to see how public funds are being used.

Nineteen bilateral providers beyond the DAC currently report to the OECD – in varying degrees of comprehensiveness and detail – on their development co-operation programmes. The OECD DAC engages with several other countries to exchange ideas and share experiences on how to measure development co-operation. Some countries do not report to the OECD, but do publish data on their programmes. However, this information is often incomplete and not comparable with DAC statistics. For these reasons, the OECD estimates the size of the development co-operation programmes of ten other bilateral providers that do not report to the OECD but with whom the DAC collaborates (Brazil, Chile, the People's Republic of China [hereafter “China” ], Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Qatar and South Africa), taking account of the development co-operation concepts used in DAC statistics.

One important instrument for engagement highlighted in the DAC Global Relations Strategy is “monitoring the concessional and non-concessional development finance flows from public and private actors, particularly the official development co-operation flows of major non-member economies, and supporting [their] efforts […] to establish and improve their statistical collection and reporting systems” (OECD, 2011). Therefore, the OECD DAC welcomes additional or improved (i.e. more detailed and more comprehensive) reporting by countries providing development co-operation. Data submitted and OECD estimates are continuously updated and made available on the “Development finance reporting of countries beyond the DAC” webpage. 47

46.  The DAC encourages bilateral providers of development co-operation that fulfil the DAC accession criteria to apply to join the committee as a member (in the case of OECD countries) or as an associate (in the case of other countries), independent of whether they receive official development assistance. The DAC is open to countries that: 1) have appropriate strategies, policies and institutional frameworks for development co-operation; 2) have an accepted measure of effort in providing development co-operation; and 3) have a system of performance monitoring and evaluation.
47.  See: www.oecd.org/dac/dac-global-relations/non-dac-reporting.htm.
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