http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/table/csp-pol-table-2011-1-en
 
Country statistical profile: Poland 2011-2012
‌‌
Unit
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
457.8
 
496.9
 
526.1
 
574.6
 
638.9
 
688.5
 
722.0
 
754.1
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
11 985
 
13 015
 
13 786
 
15 067
 
16 762
 
18 062
 
18 925
 
19 747
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
11 869
 
12 655
 
13 523
 
14 685
 
16 161
 
17 699
 
18 256
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
1.2
 
3.4
 
1.5
 
4.4
 
4.7
 
3.5
 
4.8
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
3.9
 
5.3
 
3.6
 
6.2
 
6.8
 
5.1
 
1.7
 
3.8
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
7.7
 
7.0
 
7.3
 
7.5
 
6.1
 
0.8
 
7.8
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
-0.1
 
6.4
 
6.5
 
14.9
 
17.6
 
9.6
 
-1.1
 
-2.0
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
2.7
 
6.8
 
-1.0
 
-2.2
 
-3.5
 
-1.3
 
10.5
 
-1.4
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
7.8
 
10.5
 
3.5
 
10.0
 
10.1
 
6.8
 
-0.3
 
9.1
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
4.1
 
0.9
 
1.7
 
2.1
 
2.7
 
3.7
 
2.8
 
1.1
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-6.2
 
-5.4
 
-4.1
 
-3.6
 
-1.9
 
-3.7
 
-7.4
 
-7.9
 
General government debt
% of GDP
55.3
 
54.8
 
54.7
 
55.2
 
51.7
 
54.5
 
58.4
 
62.4
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
38.4
 
37.3
 
39.4
 
40.3
 
40.3
 
39.6
 
37.2
 
37.9
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
44.6
 
42.7
 
43.5
 
43.9
 
42.2
 
43.2
 
44.6
 
45.8
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.4
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.6
 
5.1
 
5.3
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
22.3
 
21.4
 
21.0
 
20.8
 
19.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
11.9
 
11.7
 
11.4
 
11.5
 
10.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
32.6
 
31.7
 
33.0
 
34.0
 
34.8
 
34.3
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
6.0
 
5.9
 
6.4
 
7.0
 
8.0
 
8.1
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
12.2
 
11.9
 
12.7
 
13.3
 
13.0
 
13.0
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
38.2
 
38.4
 
38.7
 
39.0
 
38.2
 
34.7
 
34.2
 
34.3
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
36.0
 
39.8
 
37.8
 
42.2
 
43.6
 
43.9
 
39.4
 
42.3
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
33.3
 
37.5
 
37.1
 
40.4
 
40.8
 
39.9
 
39.5
 
41.5
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-14.4
 
-14.4
 
-12.2
 
-16.1
 
-25.4
 
-38.6
 
-10.5
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
68.0
 
88.2
 
101.5
 
125.6
 
164.2
 
210.5
 
147.1
 
..
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
53.5
 
73.8
 
89.4
 
109.6
 
138.8
 
171.9
 
136.6
 
..
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
0.2
 
0.1
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
4.8
 
5.0
 
4.8
 
3.5
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
10.9
 
13.4
 
15.5
 
19.9
 
24.2
 
30.5
 
24.2
 
29.0
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
11.2
 
13.5
 
16.3
 
20.6
 
28.9
 
35.5
 
29.0
 
32.5
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-2.5
 
-4.0
 
-1.2
 
-2.7
 
-4.7
 
-4.8
 
-2.2
 
-3.4
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
21 318
 
24 092
 
29 304
 
39 029
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
178 418
 
164 290
 
185 182
 
201 003
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
902
 
3 405
 
8 864
 
5 410
 
4 413
 
4 701
 
5 488
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
12 898
 
10 299
 
19 599
 
23 582
 
14 833
 
12 936
 
8 861
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
0.7
 
3.4
 
2.2
 
1.3
 
2.4
 
4.2
 
3.8
 
2.6
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.0
 
1.7
 
1.4
 
0.7
 
1.1
 
2.2
 
3.0
 
1.6
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
-1.2
 
6.0
 
2.2
 
0.7
 
4.5
 
5.6
 
4.7
 
2.8
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
4.4
 
5.1
 
5.7
 
5.1
 
3.7
 
8.7
 
6.0
 
5.8
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
0.8
 
8.0
 
1.4
 
1.9
 
3.6
 
3.4
 
-2.6
 
2.9
 
Long-term interest rates
%
5.78
 
6.90
 
5.22
 
5.23
 
5.48
 
6.07
 
6.12
 
5.78
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
PLN per USD
1.84
 
1.86
 
1.87
 
1.84
 
1.84
 
1.85
 
1.86
 
1.87
 
Exchange rates
PLN per USD
3.89
 
3.66
 
3.24
 
3.10
 
2.77
 
2.41
 
3.12
 
3.02
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
49
 
50
 
57
 
60
 
64
 
73
 
59
 
60
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
91.1
 
91.4
 
92.4
 
97.0
 
96.7
 
97.9
 
94.0
 
101.7
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
2.39
 
2.39
 
2.42
 
2.54
 
2.54
 
2.57
 
2.46
 
2.67
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.21
 
0.20
 
0.20
 
0.19
 
0.18
 
0.17
 
0.16
 
0.17
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
4.6
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
4.8
 
5.0
 
5.7
 
6.7
 
6.9
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
94.02
 
60.83
 
77.89
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
19.5
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
30.4
 
..
 
..
 
47.6
 
58.6
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
300
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
300
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
160
 
174
 
136
 
126
 
133
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
32
 
35
 
38
 
35
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12 050
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
320
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
320
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
290
 
293
 
293
 
304
 
304
 
299
 
287
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
21.2
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: non-tertiary, 2008 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
4 681.5
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2008 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
7 063.1
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
19.6
 
20.0
 
20.9
 
24.0
 
25.8
 
27.3
 
26.8
 
26.3
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
67.6
 
68.3
 
69.5
 
71.8
 
74.9
 
77.5
 
77.6
 
77.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
28.6
 
28.0
 
29.1
 
28.1
 
29.7
 
31.6
 
32.3
 
34.0
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
11.5
 
12.0
 
11.7
 
10.8
 
10.1
 
9.3
 
8.7
 
8.7
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
27.3
 
26.7
 
25.8
 
24.4
 
23.5
 
22.9
 
22.7
 
22.8
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
29.8
 
28.9
 
27.9
 
26.6
 
25.5
 
25.0
 
24.9
 
25.1
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
24.3
 
24.1
 
23.1
 
21.8
 
20.9
 
20.4
 
20.1
 
19.9
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
19.7
 
19.0
 
17.8
 
13.9
 
9.6
 
7.2
 
8.2
 
9.6
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
19.0
 
18.2
 
16.6
 
13.0
 
9.0
 
6.5
 
7.8
 
9.3
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
20.5
 
20.0
 
19.2
 
15.0
 
10.4
 
8.0
 
8.7
 
10.0
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
49.7
 
47.9
 
52.2
 
50.4
 
45.9
 
29.0
 
25.2
 
25.5
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
1.7
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
4.8
 
9.6
 
5.6
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 984
 
1 983
 
1 994
 
1 985
 
1 976
 
1 969
 
1 948
 
1 939
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
0.54
 
0.56
 
0.57
 
0.56
 
0.57
 
0.60
 
0.68
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
4.3
 
4.4
 
4.4
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
38 195
 
38 180
 
38 161
 
38 132
 
38 116
 
38 116
 
38 153
 
38 187
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
-0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
17.5
 
17.0
 
16.5
 
16.0
 
15.6
 
15.4
 
15.2
 
15.1
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
12.9
 
13.0
 
13.2
 
13.3
 
13.4
 
13.5
 
13.5
 
13.5
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
-0.4
 
-0.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.9
 
-0.5
 
-0.4
 
0.0
 
..
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.1
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
74.7
 
75.0
 
75.1
 
75.3
 
75.3
 
75.6
 
75.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
70.5
 
70.7
 
70.8
 
70.9
 
71.0
 
71.3
 
71.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
78.8
 
79.2
 
79.4
 
79.6
 
79.7
 
80.0
 
80.0
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
7.0
 
6.8
 
6.4
 
6.0
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
5.6
 
..
 
Overweight and obese aged 15 and over
% of population
..
 
45.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12.9
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
3.3
 
2.6
 
1.7
 
3.8
 
2.5
 
2.4
 
3.6
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
25.5
 
24.1
 
20.1
 
20.7
 
18.3
 
15.6
 
16.4
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
160 305
 
188 670
 
196 377
 
216 938
 
238 631
 
248 787
 
258 858
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
222 039
 
230 244
 
244 498
 
265 628
 
286 143
 
320 489
 
328 051
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
148
 
150
 
143
 
138
 
147
 
143
 
120
 
..
 
Last updated: 18 January 2012
..
Not available
|
Break in series
Source: OECD Factbook statistics.
For explanatory notes, seeOECD Factbook 2011-2012(DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2011-en)