http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/table/csp-nzl-table-2011-1-en
 
Country statistical profile: New Zealand 2011-2012
‌‌
Unit
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
94.8
 
100.4
 
104.6
 
113.4
 
121.2
 
124.5
 
126.3
 
130.7
 
e 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
23 438
 
24 492
 
25 219
 
27 007
 
28 567
 
29 077
 
29 149
 
29 813
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
22 304
 
23 100
 
23 570
 
25 147
 
26 444
 
27 012
 
27 942
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
8.4
 
5.8
 
2.4
 
2.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
3.9
 
3.6
 
3.2
 
2.2
 
2.9
 
-1.1
 
0.8
 
2.5
 
e 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
-6.9
 
-5.6
 
-7.6
 
-8.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
12.9
 
7.6
 
5.2
 
-2.3
 
4.7
 
e 
-5.2
 
e 
-12.0
 
e 
..
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
10.5
 
-2.6
 
5.2
 
1.2
 
-1.2
 
2.0
 
0.1
 
..
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
2.2
 
2.5
 
0.2
 
-3.8
 
2.5
 
-4.3
 
-4.4
 
..
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
4.1
 
3.4
 
2.8
 
2.2
 
3.3
 
3.0
 
1.7
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
3.8
 
4.1
 
4.7
 
5.3
 
4.5
 
0.4
 
-2.6
 
-4.6
 
General government debt
% of GDP
30.9
 
28.2
 
26.9
 
26.6
 
25.7
 
28.9
 
34.5
 
38.7
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
41.3
 
41.2
 
42.9
 
44.9
 
44.1
 
42.3
 
40.2
 
38.4
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
37.5
 
37.1
 
38.2
 
39.6
 
39.6
 
41.9
 
42.8
 
43.0
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
6.2
 
6.4
 
6.7
 
7.1
 
7.0
 
7.7
 
8.3
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.7
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
18.0
 
17.7
 
18.1
 
19.0
 
18.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.5
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
4.5
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
1.8
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.9
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.23
 
0.23
 
0.27
 
0.27
 
0.27
 
0.30
 
0.28
 
0.26
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
33.8
 
34.8
 
36.7
 
36.1
 
35.1
 
33.7
 
31.0
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
20.1
 
21.3
 
23.1
 
22.4
 
22.1
 
20.4
 
17.6
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.9
 
11.8
 
11.8
 
11.8
 
11.1
 
11.4
 
11.4
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
19.5
 
19.6
 
19.9
 
20.2
 
20.8
 
20.3
 
17.7
 
16.9
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
28.3
 
29.3
 
29.6
 
30.0
 
29.2
 
32.1
 
26.5
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
28.7
 
28.6
 
27.4
 
28.6
 
28.3
 
30.8
 
27.9
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-2.0
 
-2.8
 
-4.5
 
-4.0
 
-3.9
 
-3.8
 
-0.6
 
0.8
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
18.6
 
23.2
 
26.2
 
26.4
 
30.9
 
34.4
 
25.6
 
30.2
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
16.5
 
20.3
 
21.7
 
22.4
 
26.9
 
30.6
 
24.9
 
30.9
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
1.2
 
1.0
 
0.4
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
-0.5
 
0.0
 
-0.4
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
5.7
 
7.2
 
8.2
 
7.9
 
9.1
 
9.6
 
7.8
 
9.1
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
6.9
 
8.2
 
8.7
 
8.1
 
9.4
 
9.1
 
7.8
 
8.7
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-3.8
 
-5.7
 
-7.9
 
-8.3
 
-8.1
 
-8.7
 
-2.9
 
-2.2
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
15 836
 
13 397
 
14 737
 
16 101
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
67 775
 
51 979
 
64 801
 
67 706
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
-456
 
-1 520
 
182
 
3 702
 
-239
 
-308
 
591
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
2 425
 
1 524
 
4 689
 
3 440
 
4 984
 
-1 293
 
636
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.8
 
2.3
 
3.0
 
3.4
 
2.4
 
4.0
 
2.1
 
2.3
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.9
 
2.8
 
2.3
 
2.0
 
2.2
 
1.9
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
-0.4
 
0.4
 
1.2
 
3.0
 
4.0
 
8.4
 
5.9
 
1.0
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
3.6
 
10.0
 
10.1
 
11.8
 
1.7
 
12.9
 
-4.7
 
7.0
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-1.7
 
2.8
 
5.6
 
6.5
 
4.0
 
14.9
 
-4.8
 
4.3
 
Long-term interest rates
%
5.87
 
6.07
 
5.88
 
5.78
 
6.26
 
6.08
 
5.46
 
5.60
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
NZD per USD
1.50
 
1.51
 
1.54
 
1.49
 
1.50
 
1.49
 
1.49
 
1.51
 
Exchange rates
NZD per USD
1.72
 
1.51
 
1.42
 
1.54
 
1.36
 
1.42
 
1.60
 
1.39
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
89
 
98
 
106
 
97
 
107
 
99
 
91
 
106
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
16.9
 
16.9
 
16.6
 
16.8
 
16.9
 
17.3
 
17.4
 
18.3
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
4.17
 
4.12
 
3.99
 
4.01
 
3.99
 
4.03
 
4.02
 
4.19
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.18
 
0.18
 
0.17
 
0.17
 
0.16
 
0.17
 
0.17
 
0.17
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
30.0
 
31.6
 
31.2
 
31.2
 
32.1
 
33.3
 
36.1
 
38.6
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
31.00
 
41.71
 
56.07
 
67.36
 
73.84
 
105.80
 
65.85
 
80.62
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
21.8
 
21.7
 
21.6
 
22.3
 
22.4
 
22.9
 
23.3
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
75.0
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
1 170
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 200
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
688
 
633
 
633
 
442
 
427
 
270
 
0
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
87
 
94
 
105
 
108
 
42
 
38
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2 500
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
770
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
580
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
33
 
33
 
34
 
34
 
32
 
34
 
31
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
40.0
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: non-tertiary, 2008 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6 495.6
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2008 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
10 526.1
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
56.0
 
56.3
 
56.4
 
58.2
 
58.2
 
56.1
 
51.6
 
50.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
79.5
 
80.5
 
81.6
 
81.8
 
81.9
 
81.9
 
80.6
 
80.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
64.3
 
67.0
 
69.5
 
70.2
 
71.8
 
71.7
 
72.1
 
73.3
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
22.2
 
21.9
 
21.6
 
21.2
 
22.0
 
22.2
 
22.5
 
21.9
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
19.2
 
19.1
 
18.3
 
17.5
 
17.1
 
17.1
 
16.3
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
24.4
 
23.8
 
22.7
 
21.8
 
21.0
 
21.2
 
20.3
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
13.0
 
13.5
 
13.3
 
12.4
 
12.6
 
12.5
 
11.8
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
4.8
 
4.1
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
3.7
 
4.2
 
6.1
 
6.5
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
4.5
 
3.6
 
3.6
 
3.6
 
3.4
 
4.1
 
6.1
 
6.2
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
5.1
 
4.6
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
4.0
 
4.2
 
6.2
 
6.9
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
13.6
 
11.7
 
9.7
 
7.8
 
6.1
 
4.4
 
6.3
 
9.0
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
4.6
 
5.3
 
3.7
 
3.1
 
6.5
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 813
 
1 828
 
1 811
 
1 788
 
1 766
 
1 750
 
1 738
 
1 758
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
1.17
 
..
 
1.14
 
..
 
1.17
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
10.4
 
..
 
10.5
 
..
 
10.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
4 027
 
4 088
 
4 134
 
4 185
 
4 228
 
4 269
 
4 316
 
4 368
 
Population growth rates
%
2.0
 
1.5
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
22.1
 
21.8
 
21.5
 
21.2
 
21.0
 
20.8
 
20.7
 
20.5
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
11.8
 
11.9
 
12.0
 
12.2
 
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.8
 
13.0
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
8.7
 
3.7
 
1.7
 
3.6
 
1.4
 
0.9
 
4.9
 
2.3
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
19.1
 
19.5
 
20.3
 
21.0
 
21.6
 
22.3
 
22.7
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
79.3
 
79.5
 
79.8
 
80.1
 
80.2
 
80.4
 
80.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
77.0
 
77.3
 
77.7
 
78.0
 
78.2
 
78.4
 
78.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
81.5
 
81.8
 
82.0
 
82.2
 
82.2
 
82.4
 
82.7
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
5.4
 
5.9
 
5.0
 
5.1
 
4.8
 
5.0
 
4.7
 
..
 
Overweight and obese aged 15 and over
% of population
60.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
62.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
11.2
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
9.0
 
8.0
 
9.1
 
9.7
 
8.4
 
12.4
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
14.5
 
14.4
 
13.7
 
14.2
 
15.2
 
18.3
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
20 950
 
22 048
 
22 231
 
22 363
 
e 
23 086
 
e 
23 391
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
115
 
107
 
99
 
95
 
100
 
86
 
90
 
..
 
Last updated: 18 January 2012
..
Not available
e
Estimated value
Note: e: Estimated value
Source: OECD Factbook statistics.
For explanatory notes, seeOECD Factbook 2011-2012(DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2011-en)