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Measuring Globalisation: OECD Economic Globalisation Indicators 2010
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branch III. Globalisation of Technology and Knowledge
branch F.  Internationalisation of Science and Technology
    branch F.3. R&D investments and multinationals

Multinational firms play an important role in investments in research and development (R&D) across the world. While they fund a large share of cross-border investments and are as such important vehicles for the international transfer of technology, they are themselves important investors in R&D.

R&D budgets of the largest multinational companies are larger than the R&D investments of several countries. The largest investor in R&D worldwide is the Japanese company Toyota with an R&D budget of USD 11 million, this places it among the top ten countries investing in R&D.

Aggregate spending by the world's top eight multinational groups in 2008 was larger than the R&D investments of all individual countries except the United States and Japan.

Sources

2009 EU R&D Scoreboard.

OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators Database (MSTI), January 2010.

For further reading

OECD (2005), Measuring Globalisation: OECD Handbook on Economic Globalisation Indicators, OECD, Paris, www.oecd.org/sti/measuring-globalisation.

OECD (2008), Recent Trends in the Internationalisation of R&D in the Enterprise Sector, OECD, Paris.

OECD (2008), The Internationalisation of Business R&D: Evidence, Impacts and Implications, OECD, Paris.

R&D data by enterprise group at the world level

This is R&D performed by a group of business enterprises located in different countries and over which majority control is exercised either directly or indirectly by a company that is controlled by no other firm (ultimate control). Such group data have three main limitations: they are consolidated at the global level and are not broken down by country; in some cases the main activity accounts for a low percentage of aggregate turnover; and R&D data are not exhaustive.

 
Indicator in PDF Acrobat PDF page

Figure
F.3.1 Comparison between industrial R&D expenditures (BERD) of OECD countries and those of the eight largest multinational groups, 2008 Figure in Excel
Comparison between industrial R&D expenditures (BERD) of OECD countries and those of the eight largest multinational groups, 2008
 



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