OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016
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OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

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Denmark is a highly developed European economy with strong business innovation and one of the most developed renewable energy technology sectors in the world. At the same time Danish labour productivity level is lower than the OECD average. In 2014 its gross R&D expenditures amounted to more than 3% of GDP, which is much higher that the OECD average (table 1). Its ICT and Internet infrastructure are good and the e-government development index is also quite high. However, the Danish government that took office in mid-2015 decreased the budget for research (1.01% of GDP), which in longer term could have impacts on the innovation system (C. Grimpe, Mitchell J., 2015). The Innovation Strategy: Denmark A Nation of Solutions (2012-20), launched in 2012, includes 27 policy initiatives focused on research, innovation and education and represents a shift to a demand-driven innovation policy approach with an emphasis on enhanced knowledge flows and stronger innovation capabilities in education. The Innovation Strategy was complemented in 2015 by the "Growth and development in the whole of Denmark" strategy (Vækst og udvikling i hele Danmark) – that intends to foster regional growth and development in the country through “regional smart specialisation”. The program includes more than 100 concrete initiatives focused on strengthening partnerships between research institutions and business and intensifying knowledge sharing and innovation in businesses.

 
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