OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard

Frequency :
Biennial
ISSN :
2072-5345 (online)
ISSN :
1562-983X (print)
DOI :
10.1787/20725345
Next Edition: 19 Oct 2015
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OECD’s biennial statistical publication that brings together over 200 figures to help examine emerging policy issues in science and technology such as: the international mobility of researchers and scientists, the growth of the information economy, innovation by regions and industries, innovation strategies by companies, the internationalisation of research, the changing role of multinational enterprises, and new patterns in trade competitiveness and productivity.

Also available in: French
 
OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013

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Author(s):
OECD
23 Oct 2013
Pages :
276
ISBN :
9789264203181 (HTML) ; 9789264205000 (PDF) ; 9789264200739 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/sti_scoreboard-2013-en

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Published every two years, the STI Scoreboard analyses the major trends in knowledge and innovation in today’s global economy. Through statistical indicators it presents a policy-oriented review of science, technology, innovation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries.

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  • Foreword

    The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013 draws on the latest internationally comparable data to uncover the strengths of OECD and other leading economies and explore the continuing challenges to overcome the effects of the recent financial and economic crises. It features indicators traditionally used to monitor developments in science, technology, innovation and industry, and complements them with new and experimental indicators that provide new insights into areas of policy interest.

  • Acknowledgments

    This volume is the result of a collective effort by the Economic Analysis and Statistics Division (EAS) of the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (DSTI), under the guidance of Alessandra Colecchia. Lead authors were Alessandra Colecchia, Andrea de Panizza, Fernando Galindo-Rueda, Vladimir Lopez-Bassols, Mariagrazia Squicciarini and ColinWebb with contributions from Silvia Appelt, Laudeline Auriol, Brigitte van Beuzekom, Catherine Bignon, Brunella Boselli, Agnès Cimper, Hélène Dernis, Chrystyna Harpluk, Pedro Herrera-Gimenez, Elif Köksal-Oudot, Guillaume Kpodar, Marie Le Mouel, Valentine Millot, Pierre Montagnier, Asako Okamura, Fabien Verger, BoWerth and Norihiko Yamano.

  • Reader's Guide
  • Executive summary

    With lacklustre growth across much of the globe, promoting new sources of growth has become a global policy priority. Science, technology, innovation and entrepreneurship – which foster competitiveness, productivity, and job creation – are important mechanisms for encouraging sustainable growth.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Building knowledge

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    • Investment in knowledge

      OECD (2013), Education at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing. See chapter notes.

    • Human resources and knowledge-based capital

      Workers contributing to R and D, design, software and database activities and to firms’ organisational knowhow account for between 13% and 28% of total employment in many OECD economies (total length of the bar). Of these workers, between 30% and 54% contribute to more than one type of KBC asset (bar overlapping assets).

    • Learning for innovation

      OECD (2010), PISA 2009 Results: What Students Know and Can Do: Student Performance in Reading, Mathematics and Science, Vol. 1, OECD Publishing. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Skills for innovation

      HRST refers to human resources in science and technology.

    • New doctorates

      OECD, based on OECD (2013), Education at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators, and OECD Education Database, July 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Doctorate holders

      OECD, based on OECD/UNESCO Institute for Statistics/Eurostat data collection on Careers of Doctorate Holders 2010; OECD Main Science and Technology Indicators and OECD Education Attainment Database, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Researchers

      OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators Database, www.oecd.org/sti/msti.htm, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • R and D

      OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators Database, www.oecd.org/sti/msti.htm, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Higher education and basic research

      OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators Database, www.oecd.org/sti/msti.htm, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Business R and D

      OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators Database, www.oecd.org/sti/msti.htm, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • R and D tax incentives

      This is an experimental indicator. International comparability may be limited. For more information, see www.oecd.org/sti/rd-tax-stats.htm.

    • International funding of R and D

      OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators Database, www.oecd.org/sti/msti.htm, June 2013. See chapter notes.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Connecting to knowledge

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    • R and D and knowledge flows

      This is an experimental indicator. International comparability may be limited.

    • Open innovation

      OECD, based on Eurostat (CIS-2010) and national data sources, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Collaboration on innovation

      OECD, based on Eurostat (CIS-2010) and national data sources, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • International collaboration

      OECD, based on Eurostat (CIS-2010) and national data sources, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Skills mobility

      OECD calculations based on OECD (2013), Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing. See chapter notes.

    • Researchers on the move

      OECD calculations based on Scopus Custom Data, Elsevier, version 5.2012, May 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Research excellence

      OECD and SCImago Research Group (CSIC), Compendium of Bibliometric Science Indicators 2014, based on Scopus Custom Data, Elsevier, May 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Science for innovation

      OECD and Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), based on Thomson Reuters Web of Science, Derwent World Patents Index and Derwent Patents Citation Index data, June 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • From knowledge to inventions

      OECD calculations based on the Worldwide Patent Statistical Database, EPO, April 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Inventions across borders

      OECD, Patent Database, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Technology flows and markets

      OECD, Technology Balance of Payments Database; OECD, Trade in Services Database; World Bank, World Development Indicators; OECD, Annual National Accounts Database and OECD estimates, June 2013. See chapter notes.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Targeting new growth areas

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    • R and D funding and specialisation

      OECD, ANBERD Database, www.oecd.org/sti/anberd; Research and Development Statistics Database, www.oecd.org/sti/rds; and national sources, June 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Green innovation

      OECD, Research and Development Statistics Database, www.oecd.org/sti/rds, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Health innovation

      OECD, based on OECD Research and Development Statistics Database, www.oecd.org/sti/rds, and national data sources, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Biotechnology R and D

      OECD, Key Biotechnology Indicators, http://oe.cd/kbi, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Nanotechnology R and D

      This is an experimental indicator. International comparability may be limited.

    • ICT innovation

      OECD, ANBERD Database, www.oecd.org/sti/anberd; Research and Development Statistics Database, www.oecd.org/sti/rds; and national sources, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Broadband price and quality

      OECD (2013), OECD Communications Outlook 2013, OECD Publishing.

    • Fixed and wireless broadband

      OECD Broadband Portal, July 2013. Standard mobile broadband subscriptions may include dedicated mobile data subscriptions when breakdowns are not available. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Internet users

      OECD, ICT Database, and Eurostat, June 2013; national sources, May 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Emerging technologies

      OECD calculations based on the Worldwide Patent Statistical Database, EPO, April 2013. See chapter notes.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Unleashing innovation in firms

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    • Mixed modes of innovation

      OECD, based on Eurostat (CIS-2010) and national data sources, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Broader innovation

      OECD, based on Eurostat (CIS-2010) and national data sources, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Public support to innovation

      OECD, Research and Development Statistics Database, www.oecd.org/sti/rds, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • The IP bundle

      OECD calculations based on OECD, Patent Database, OHIM, Community Trademark Database, CTM Download, May 2013, and OHIM, Registered Community Design Database, RCD Download, April 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Trademarks

      US Patent and Trademark Office Bulk Downloads: Trademark Application Text hosted by Google; OHIM Community Trademark Database CTM Download, May 2013; JPO Annual Reports 2001-12; WIPO statistics Database, March 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Knowledge-asset-related trademarks

      US Patent and Trademark Office Bulk Downloads: Trademark Application Text hosted by Google; OHIM Community Trademark Database CTM Download, May 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Registered designs

      OECD calculations based on OHIM, Registered Community Design Database, RCD Download, April 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Trademarks and patents

      OECD calculations based on US Patent and Trademark Office Bulk Downloads: Trademark Application Text hosted by Google, May 2013; OHIM Community Trademark Database CTM Download, May 2013; Worldwide Patent Statistical Database, EPO, April 2013; and ORBIS© Database, Bureau van Dijk Electronic Publishing, June 2011; matched using algorithms in the Imalinker system developed for the OECD by IDENER, Seville, 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Entry, exit and survival

      OECD (2013), Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2013, OECD Publishing. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Firm employment dynamics

      OECD calculations based on the OECD DYNEMP data collection, July 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Access to capital

      World Economic Forum (2012), The Global Competitiveness Report 2012-2013 and World Economic Forum (2008), The Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009, World Economic Forum, Geneva.

    • Policy environment

      World Bank, Doing Business Database, June 2013. See chapter notes.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Competing in the knowledge economy

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    • Industry specialisation

      OECD, Structural Analysis (STAN) Database, ISIC Rev. 4, May 2013. See chapter notes.

    • ICT industry specialisation

      OECD, Structural Analysis (STAN) Database, ISIC Rev. 4, June 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Export structures

      OECD, STAN Bilateral Trade Database by Industry and End-use Category (BTDIxE), www.oecd.org/sti/btd, May 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • R and D specialisation

      OECD calculations based on the Structural Analysis (STAN), Research and Development Statistics (RDS) and ANBERD Databases, June 2013; OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators Database, www.oecd.org/sti/msti.htm, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Technological advantage

      OECD, Patent Database, June 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Trade competitiveness

      OECD-WTO, Trade in Value Added (TiVA) Database, http://oe.cd/tiva, May 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • E-business uptake

      OECD ICT Database and Eurostat, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Young innovative firms

      OECD calculations based on the Worldwide Patent Statistical Database, EPO, April 2013; and ORBIS© Database, Bureau van Dijk Electronic Publishing, June 2011; matched using algorithms in the Imalinker system developed for the OECD by Idener, Seville, 2013.. See chapter notes.

    • Technological strengths

      OECD calculations based on the Worldwide Patent Statistical Database, EPO, April 2013. See chapter notes.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Participating in the global economy

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    • Employment

      OECD, National Accounts (SNA) Database, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Services-manufacturing linkages

      OECD calculations based on EU Labour Force Survey and US Current Population Survey, May 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Firm size

      OECD (2013), Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2013, OECD Publishing. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Firm dynamics

      OECD calculations based on the OECD DYNEMP data collection, July 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Foreign affiliates

      OECD, Activity of Multinational Enterprises Database, www.oecd.org/sti/ind/amne.htm; Eurostat, Inward FATS Database, June 2013. See chapter notes.

    • Trade and global value chains

      OECD-WTO, Trade in Value Added (TiVA) Database, http://oe.cd/tiva, May 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Global demand

      OECD-WTO, Trade in Value Added (TiVA) Database, http://oe.cd/tiva, May 2013. StatLink contains more data. See chapter notes.

    • Trade and jobs

      OECD, Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) Database, May 2013; EC, World Input-Output Database (WIOD), April 2012.

    • Trade and household consumption

      OECD, Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) Database, May 2013. StatLink contains more data.

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