OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008
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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies including Brazil, Chile, China, Israel, Russia and South Africa. Using the latest available data and indicators, the book examines topics high on the agenda of science and innovation policy makers, including science and innovation performance; trends in national science, technology and innovation policies; and practices to assess the socio-economic impacts of public research. This volume also provides an individual profile of the science and innovation performance of each country in relation to its national context and current policy challenges.

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OECD

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Israel stands out on a number of innovation indicators. At 4.65% of GDP it has the world’s highest R&D intensity, over twice the OECD average of 2.26%. The intensity of business R&D expenditure is also higher than in all OECD countries, at 3.64% of GDP in 2006. Israel has the fifth highest number of scientific articles per million population, after Switzerland, Sweden, Denmark and Finland. It is also among the leaders in the number of triadic patent families per capita; however, in absolute terms it accounts for less than 1% of all triadic patent families, on a par with Australia and Belgium. In addition, Israel has a strong information and communication technology sector which accounts for about 20% of total industrial output, 9% of business sector employment, and a large share of the output growth of Israeli industry.
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