OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy

1993-4211 (online)
1993-4203 (print)
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The OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD countries and partner economies, focusing on the role of government. They provide concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance, including R&D policies. Each review identifies good practices from which other countries can learn.

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OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Sweden 2016

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22 Mar 2016
9789264250000 (PDF) ;9789264249998(print)

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The 2016 Sweden Review of Innovation Policy deepens the 2012 Review by focusing on six policy initiatives central to the 2008 and 2012 Swedish Research and Innovation Bills, notably: 1) the increase in funding for university research, 2) the establishment of Strategic Research Areas, 3) actions designed to enhance the role of research institutes in Sweden’s innovation system, 4) the definition and funding of Strategic Innovation Areas in collaboration with industrial, academic and research institute actors, 5) the initiation of a Challenge-Driven Innovation programme addressing societal challenges, 6) improved prioritisation and support for Swedish participation in European research and innovation activities.

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  • Foreword

    The OECD Review of Innovation Policy: Sweden 2016 is part of a series of OECD country reviews of innovation policy.* In 2012, at the request of the Swedish Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications (now the Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation), a first review of Sweden’s innovation policy was carried out by the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (DSTI) under the auspices of the Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP). The purpose of that review was to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the key elements, relationships and dynamics that drive the Swedish innovation system and the opportunities to enhance it through government policy. The resulting recommendations focused on how government policy could contribute to such improvements.

  • Abbreviations and acronyms
  • Executive summary
  • Overall assessment and recommendations

    This chapter presents an overall assessment related to six policy initiatives contained in the Swedish Research and Innovation Bills of 2008 and 2012. These initiatives relate to four areas of policy: strengthening university research; linking research and innovation; dealing with societal challenges; and priorities, strategies and governance. The chapter identifies key tasks of innovation policy and develops specific policy recommendations in these four policy areas.

  • Findings of the OECD Review of Innovation Policy: Sweden 2012

    This chapter reprises some of the main results of the OECD Review of Innovation Policy: Sweden 2012, which provides the background of this review. It outlines major achievements and challenges the 2012 review had pointed out for Sweden, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the innovation system. The chapter further reports the set of strategic tasks outlined in the 2012 review and surveys the recommendations it suggested Sweden might adopt in order to improve the overall performance of the innovation system.

  • Strengthening Swedish university research

    This chapter reviews the policy initiatives aimed at supporting research excellence in Sweden, their background and their apparent effects. It starts out with a discussion of the rationales and history of scientific and sectoral research funding in universities, on a general level and in the specific context of Sweden. It then presents two main initiatives of the 2008 and 2012 Research and Innovation Bills (i.e. the increase of institutional funding for universities and the Strategic Research Area Programme), and situates them in the broader context of the funding policy of benchmark countries and of other Swedish sources of research funding. Finally, it assesses the main effects of these policies against their specific objectives and the lessons learned from international experiences.

  • Linking Swedish research and innovation

    This chapter discusses the policy initiatives aimed at promoting linkages between research and innovation actors in Sweden. After briefly presenting and benchmarking internationally the relevant activities of Sweden’s "knowledge triangle’s" main actors (universities, research institutes, industry), it examines in greater detail two initiatives included in the 2008 and 2012 Research and Innovation Bills: the role of the research institute sector in bridging the gap between research and innovation, and the launch of the Strategic Innovation Agenda initiative. Their main effects are analysed with regard to their specific objectives and conclusions from international experiences.

  • Resolving societal challenges in Sweden

    This chapter examines the historical development of links between research, innovation and societal challenges in the United States and Europe, before focusing on two initiatives set out in the 2012 Research Bill: the launch of the Challenge-driven Innovation programme and measures designed to improve Swedish engagement with co-operative research and innovation activities in Europe, especially those relevant to societal challenges. The main effects of these two initiatives are assessed against their specific objectives and the lessons learned from international experiences.

  • Priorities, strategies and governance of innovation in Sweden

    This chapter revisits issues of prioritisation and their relationship to strategies for developing the Swedish innovation system. It starts with a discussion of the types and rationales of research and innovation prioritisation strategies, and the main issues that affect their formulation and implementation in Sweden and elsewhere. It then focuses on the type of prioritisation underlying the initiatives set out in the 2008 and 2012 Research and Innovation Bills. The two final sections then look at the implications for prioritisation and governance in the broader context of the overall Swedish research and innovation system.

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