OECD Digital Economy Papers

A Global Action Plan for Electronic Commerce
2071-6826 (online)
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The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI) undertakes a wide range of activities to better understand how information and communication technologies (ICTs) contribute to sustainable economic growth and social well-being. The OECD Digital Economy Papers series covers a broad range of ICT-related issues and makes selected studies available to a wider readership. They include policy reports, which are officially declassified by an OECD Committee, and occasional working papers, which are meant to share early knowledge.
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Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 44   01 Oct 1999 Click to Access:  A Global Action Plan for Electronic Commerce
This second edition of the Global Action Plan for Electronic Commerce published by the Alliance for Global Business (AGB) reflects a number of developments in the global discussions about electronic commerce since the first Global Action Plan was submitted on behalf of business to the OECD...
  N° 43   20 Sep 1999 Click to Access:  A Review of Market Openness and Trade in Telecommunications
The aim of this paper is twofold. First, to begin a policy and regulatory evaluation of developments in telecommunication market openness following the liberalisation in 1998 in the context of the WTO agreement and the liberalisation in the European Union. Second, it is aimed at...
  N° 67   04 Dec 2002 Click to Access:  Access for Business
With over 50 million subscribers in the OECD, broadband access is key for economic growth and development. This report examines broadband access development for businesses. It focuses on short distance leased lines and new forms of broadband acces.
  N° 26   01 Jan 1997 Click to Access:  Access to and Use of Information Technologies at Home
Chapter 5 of the 1997 Information Technology Outlook.
  N° 24   01 Oct 1996 Click to Access:  Alternative Local Loop Technologies
This paper provides an overview of the economic and policy implications of various technologies available to provide local telecommunication access. This part of the network is referred to as the "local loop". For the purposes of this document the switching functions in local access networks...
  N° 52   01 Jan 2001 Click to Access:  B2B E-Commerce in Publishing, Retail Distribution and Pharmaceuticals Distribution in France
In early 1999, the OECD launched an internationally comparable study of the diffusion and economic and competitive impacts of business-to-business electronic commerce over the Internet. A first set of case studies was conducted in France between February 1999 and September 1999. Three...
  N° 78   22 Jan 2004 Click to Access:  Background Paper for the OECD Workshop on Spam
This background paper has been prepared to provide a broad overview of the issues associated with spam as information for participants at the OECD Workshop on Spam, to be held at the European Commission on 2-3 February 2004.
  N° 61   17 May 2002 Click to Access:  Best Practice Examples under the OECD Guidelines on Consumer Protection in the Context of Electronic Commerce
This set of best practice examples provides additional practical guidance to governments, businesses and consumers on several aspects of the 1999 Guidelines.
  N° 101   30 June 2004 Click to Access:  Biometric-based Technologies
This report is intended to provide an understanding of the benefits and limitations of biometric-based technologies. It also includes information on existing privacy and security methodologies for assessing biometrics.
  N° 175   21 Feb 2011 Click to Access:  Broadband Bundling
Bundling can provide both benefits and drawbacks to broadband customers. In general, bundled services are less expensive when purchased together and consumer surplus from one good in the bundle can help "subsidise" another less-valued element. Bundling also allows the integration of products in...
  N° 75   09 Oct 2003 Click to Access:  Broadband Driving Growth
The OECD's policy response to the challenge of maximising the benefits of broadband Internet services for economic and social development.
  N° 218   04 Mar 2013 Click to Access:  Broadband Networks and Open Access
This report examines "open access" policies and approaches in various contexts, including fixed and mobile access networks, backhaul and backbone networks, undersea cables and Internet exchange points (IXPs). It finds that open access arrangements share some common elements: they refer to...
  N° 135   21 Dec 2007 Click to Access:  Broadband and ICT Access and Use by Households and Individuals
This study analyses the use of Internet and broadband in detail, showing that people’s socio-economic standing have a direct bearing on how they are used.
  N° 77   07 Nov 2003 Click to Access:  Broadband and Telephony Services Over Cable Television Networks
Broadband Internet access is one of the first services where there has been a convergence between communications platforms built for different purposes.
  N° 146   18 June 2008 Click to Access:  Broadband and the Economy
Broadband and networked ICTs are important in meeting health, demographic and environmental challenges, and policy plays an important role in expanding their use and enhancing their impact.
  N° 157   04 June 2009 Click to Access:  Broadband over Power Lines (BPL)
Byung-Wook Kwon
The focus of this paper is to provide an overview of developments in broadband power line technologies and related policy issues. The electric power grid is a hostile environment for high-speed data transmission, but after years of development, the technology to deliver high-speed data over the...
  N° 215   17 Jan 2013 Click to Access:  Building Blocks for Smart Networks
This report examines the development of smart networks and services with particular attention to the implications for communication policy and regulation. The word "smart" has become a term that is frequently affixed to an area where the introduction of networked information and communication...
  N° 41   14 June 1999 Click to Access:  Building Infrastructure Capacity for Electronic Commerce
This paper focuses on the capacity requirements and price development for telecommunication infrastructure for business-to-business electronic commerce.
  N° 133   25 July 2007 Click to Access:  Catching up in Broadband - What Will it Take?
Can governments elevate their broadband performance rankings? This paper aims to identify the factors that are significant in driving broadband penetration.
  N° 47   19 May 2000 Click to Access:  Cellular Mobile Pricing Structures and Trends
Mobile communications is one of the tremendous success stories of the telecommunications industry. By June 1999 there were 293 million mobile subscribers in the OECD area, or around one mobile phone for every four inhabitants.
  N° 70   08 Apr 2003 Click to Access:  Comparing Domain Name Administration in OECD Countries
The aim of this paper is to provide comparative information on the administration of domain names across the OECD area.
  N° 42   28 June 1999 Click to Access:  Conditional Access Systems
Digital television, whether delivered via terrestrial transmissions, via satellite transmissions, via cable, or via some other medium, will be an important component in the audio-visual market.
  N° 231   04 Feb 2014 Click to Access:  Connected Televisions
Connected televisions are defined for the purposes of this report as devices that have the capability to interact with the Internet to display audio-visual content. Connected television is an important development because it permits the provision of certain new and valuable services to...
  N° 73   02 June 2003 Click to Access:  Consumer Policy Considerations on the Importance of Accurate and Available WHOIS Data
Drawing on the 1999 OECD Guidelines for Consumer Protection in the Context of Electronic Commerce, this document explains how accurate and available Whois data can contribute to building consumer trust in the online marketplace.
  N° 37   22 May 1998 Click to Access:  Content as a New Growth Industry
This paper provides an initial analysis of the main issues in network-based production and delivery of music and audio-visual services content. It is intended to provide a basis for a more comprehensive comparative analysis of the international development of new network-based services by the...
  N° 55   06 Feb 2001 Click to Access:  Cross-border Co-operation in Combatting Cross-border Fraud
On 22 March 2000 the CCP held a half-day Forum Session intended to explore the challenges and possibilities associated with international co-operation. Using the experience of the United States and Canada as a practical example, the session provided an overview of ongoing efforts to combat the...
  N° 211   16 Nov 2012 Click to Access:  Cybersecurity Policy Making at a Turning Point
This report analyses the latest generation of "national cybersecurity strategies" in ten OECD countries and identifies commonalities and differences. The analysis reveals that cybersecurity policy making has become a national policy priority and relies on holistic strategies supported by...
  N° 59   14 Mar 2002 Click to Access:  Cybersquatting
This report summarises the problem recently met by the OECD with regard to the cybersquatting of the ocde.org domain name, and identifies the general policy issues arising from this experience.
  N° 130   08 Feb 2007 Click to Access:  Development of Policies for Protection of Critical Information Infrastructures
The 2006 OECD study offers an analysis of the CII security policies in four countries: Canada, Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States - with a focus on the drivers for and challenges to their development.
  N° 85   14 Sep 2004 Click to Access:  Development of Third-Generation Mobile Services in the OECD
This paper analyses the development of third-generation mobile services (3G) in OECD countries. A brief description of the definition of 3G and its migration path is followed by an analysis of the benefits and shortcomings of 3G services. The paper further examines regulatory issues raised by...
  N° 93   14 Apr 2005 Click to Access:  Development of Voice over WiFi by Integrating Mobile Networks
Rapid technological changes are facilitating the convergence between WiFi (short for "Wireless Fidelity") and mobile networks, in particular with 3G networks and resulting in the development of Voice over WiFi (VoWiFi) services.
  N° 71   16 Apr 2003 Click to Access:  Development of Wireless Local Area Networks in OECD Countries
Wireless technology provides business executives, office workers, small businesses and residential users with expanded opportunities to connect to the Internet outside the limited area dictated by fixed networks.
  N° 170   23 Mar 2010 Click to Access:  Developments in Cable Broadband Networks
Hyun-Cheol Chung
The position of cable operators within the pay TV market has changed drastically in recent years. Although video service remains core to the cable industry’s business model, cable TV’s market share has been dropping significantly with intense competition from direct broadcast satellite services...
  N° 142   03 Apr 2008 Click to Access:  Developments in Fibre Technologies and Investment
This paper provides an overview of developments in optical fibre communication technology and investment. It finds that the costs of deploying these networks are significant and that the monthly prices subscribers will pay will be highly dependent on take-up rates.
  N° 74   02 June 2003 Click to Access:  Developments in Local Loop Unbundling
This paper focuses on the development of local loop unbundling in the OECD. It examines policies for unbundling, progress in achieving unbundling, and collocation and pricing policies for unbundling.
  N° 193   28 Feb 2012 Click to Access:  Developments in Mobile Termination
Wholesale interconnection rates for mobile telephony service in the OECD area have decreased by 53% from 2006 to 2011. The charges, or mobile termination rates (MTRs), represent the fees that telecommunication network operators (fixed, mobile and VoIP) pay for delivering telephone calls to...
  N° 119   19 May 2006 Click to Access:  Digital Broadband Content
The development of digital content raises new issues as rapid technological developments challenge existing business models and government policies.
  N° 112   30 Mar 2006 Click to Access:  Digital Broadband Content
Public Sector Information (PSI) is the raw material for applications across a wide range of industries. This study gives an overview of the main areas of PSI and their commercial applications, and addresses issues related to improving access to public sector content.
  N° 97   03 May 2005 Click to Access:  Digital Broadband Content
Mobile content is increasingly available over mobile platforms and mobile networks. Most common applications are music and games. This study analyses development of mobile digital content value chains and business models, drivers of mobile content dissemination and identifies policy issues.
  N° 79   22 Apr 2004 Click to Access:  Digital Delivery of Business Services
The business services examined in this study include software and information services, R&D and technical services, advertising and marketing, business consulting, recruitment and human resource development services. Digital delivery includes contracted out electronically mediated services...
  N° 189   20 Dec 2011 Click to Access:  Digital Divide: From Computer Access to Online Activities – A Micro Data Analysis
Pierre Montagnier, Albrecht Wirthmann
This study addresses issues of digital divide among households and individuals by using micro-data analysis of ICT usage patterns. The analysis includes data from 18 European countries, Korea and Canada. Inequalities in computer and Internet use are analysed in a two-step approach. First, the...
  N° 186   23 Nov 2011 Click to Access:  Digital Identity Management for Natural Persons
This report explains why digital identity management is fundamental for the further development of the Internet economy. It also provides guidance for digital identity strategies that support innovation across the public and private sectors while enhancing security, privacy and trust online.
  N° 38   06 July 1998 Click to Access:  Dismantling the Barriers to Global Electronic Commerce, Turku (Finland)
The Conference addressed broad areas through a format that permitted business representatives to identify problems, governments to discuss how they hope to deal with the problem and international organisations to suggest how they can help to implement the solution internationally.
  N° 208   29 Oct 2012 Click to Access:  E-books: Developments and Policy Considerations
Books have undergone a massive transformation from a physical object to something entirely different: the electronic book, or "e-book". This report provides background on e-book markets and examines various policy issues related to e-books. These include differing tax rates in countries...
  N° 156   02 June 2009 Click to Access:  ENUM: Converging Telephone Numbers and Addresses in Next Generation Networks
Thomas de Haan
The OECD Document "Convergence and Next Generation Networks" analysed developments in Next Generation Networks (NGN), and the convergence of core and access networks. The aim of that paper was to review areas where policy changes may be required and to put forward recommendations...
  N° 40   01 Jan 1999 Click to Access:  Economic and Social Impact of E-commerce
This book represents one of the first analyses of the role of e-commerce in the broader economy, and addresses such issues as the impact of e-commerce on employment and on society as a whole, as well as its contribution to economic growth and efficiency.
  N° 45   01 Oct 1999 Click to Access:  Electronic Commerce
This paper reports initial results from a Secretariat survey of recent unilateral liberalisation and facilitation measures relevant to the growth of Internet-based electronic commerce that have been undertaken by Governments in both OECD and non-OECD member economies.
  N° 32   01 Jan 1998 Click to Access:  Electronic Commerce
Rapid technological advances in information and communication technologies and their widespread diffusion have led some to speculate about "frictionless" economies where transaction costs are nearly zero, barriers to entry and contestability disappear and markets clear instantly.
  N° 228   26 July 2013 Click to Access:  Electronic and Mobile Commerce
Commerce is a fundamental mechanism supporting economic activity. Technological improvements that facilitate commerce can reduce transaction costs, provide more information to participants, boost access to a wider array of products, lead to efficiency gains, as well as result in welfare...
  N° 216   05 Feb 2013 Click to Access:  Empowering and Protecting Consumers in the Internet Economy
This report is part of a series of papers in the follow-up work to the 2008 Seoul Ministerial Declaration for the Future of the Internet Economy. It shows that over the past five years, despite the financial crisis, business-to-consumer e-commerce has grown steadily across the OECD and beyond,...
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