01 Oct 1999
A Global Action Plan for Electronic Commerce
This second edition of the Global Action Plan for Electronic Commerce published by the Alliance for Global Business (AGB) reflects a number of developments in the global discussions about electronic commerce since the first Global Action Plan was submitted on behalf of business to the OECD...
20 Sep 1999
A Review of Market Openness and Trade in Telecommunications
The aim of this paper is twofold. First, to begin a policy and regulatory evaluation of
developments in telecommunication market openness following the liberalisation in 1998 in the context of
the WTO agreement and the liberalisation in the European Union. Second, it is aimed at...
04 Dec 2002
Access for Business
With over 50 million subscribers in the OECD, broadband access is key for economic growth and development. This report examines broadband access development for businesses. It focuses on short distance leased lines and new forms of broadband acces.
01 Jan 1997
Access to and Use of Information Technologies at Home
Chapter 5 of the 1997 Information Technology Outlook.
01 Oct 1996
Alternative Local Loop Technologies
This paper provides an overview of the economic and policy implications of various technologies available to provide local telecommunication access. This part of the network is referred to as the "local loop". For the purposes of this document the switching functions in local access networks...
01 Jan 2001
B2B E-Commerce in Publishing, Retail Distribution and Pharmaceuticals Distribution in France
In early 1999, the OECD launched an internationally comparable study of the diffusion and
economic and competitive impacts of business-to-business electronic commerce over the Internet. A first
set of case studies was conducted in France between February 1999 and September 1999. Three...
22 Jan 2004
Background Paper for the OECD Workshop on Spam
This background paper has been prepared to provide a broad overview of the issues associated with spam as information for participants at the OECD Workshop on Spam, to be held at the European Commission on 2-3 February 2004.
17 May 2002
Best Practice Examples under the OECD Guidelines on Consumer Protection in the Context of Electronic Commerce
This set of best practice examples provides additional practical guidance to governments, businesses and consumers on several aspects of the 1999 Guidelines.
30 June 2004
This report is intended to provide an understanding of the benefits and limitations of biometric-based technologies. It also includes information on existing privacy and security methodologies for assessing biometrics.
21 Feb 2011
Bundling can provide both benefits and drawbacks to broadband customers. In general, bundled services are less expensive when purchased together and consumer surplus from one good in the bundle can help "subsidise" another less-valued element. Bundling also allows the integration of products in...
09 Oct 2003
Broadband Driving Growth
The OECD's policy response to the challenge of maximising the benefits of broadband Internet services for economic and social development.
04 Mar 2013
Broadband Networks and Open Access
This report examines "open access" policies and approaches in various contexts, including fixed and mobile access networks, backhaul and backbone networks, undersea cables and Internet exchange points (IXPs). It finds that open access arrangements share some common elements: they refer to...
21 Dec 2007
Broadband and ICT Access and Use by Households and Individuals
This study analyses the use of Internet and broadband in detail, showing that people’s socio-economic standing have a direct bearing on how they are used.
07 Nov 2003
Broadband and Telephony Services Over Cable Television Networks
Broadband Internet access is one of the first services where there has been a convergence between communications platforms built for different purposes.
18 June 2008
Broadband and the Economy
Broadband and networked ICTs are important in meeting health, demographic and environmental challenges, and policy plays an important role in expanding their use and enhancing their impact.
04 June 2009
Broadband over Power Lines (BPL)
The focus of this paper is to provide an overview of developments in broadband power line
technologies and related policy issues. The electric power grid is a hostile environment for high-speed data
transmission, but after years of development, the technology to deliver high-speed data over the...
17 Jan 2013
Building Blocks for Smart Networks
This report examines the development of smart networks and services with particular attention to the implications for communication policy and regulation. The word "smart" has become a term that is frequently affixed to an area where the introduction of networked information and communication...
14 June 1999
Building Infrastructure Capacity for Electronic Commerce
This paper focuses on the capacity requirements and price development for telecommunication infrastructure for business-to-business electronic commerce.
25 July 2007
Catching up in Broadband - What Will it Take?
Can governments elevate their broadband performance rankings? This paper aims to identify the factors that are significant in driving broadband penetration.
19 May 2000
Cellular Mobile Pricing Structures and Trends
Mobile communications is one of the tremendous success stories of the telecommunications industry. By June 1999 there were 293 million mobile subscribers in the OECD area, or around one mobile phone for every four inhabitants.
08 Apr 2003
Comparing Domain Name Administration in OECD Countries
The aim of this paper is to provide comparative information on the administration of domain names across the OECD area.
28 June 1999
Conditional Access Systems
Digital television, whether delivered via terrestrial transmissions, via satellite transmissions, via cable, or via some other medium, will be an important component in the audio-visual market.
02 June 2003
Consumer Policy Considerations on the Importance of Accurate and Available WHOIS Data
Drawing on the 1999 OECD Guidelines for Consumer Protection in the Context of Electronic Commerce, this document explains how accurate and available Whois data can contribute to building consumer trust in the online marketplace.
22 May 1998
Content as a New Growth Industry
This paper provides an initial analysis of the main issues in network-based production and delivery of music and audio-visual services content. It is intended to provide a basis for a more comprehensive comparative analysis of the international development of new network-based services by the...
06 Feb 2001
Cross-border Co-operation in Combatting Cross-border Fraud
On 22 March 2000 the CCP held a half-day Forum Session intended to explore the challenges
and possibilities associated with international co-operation. Using the experience of the United States and
Canada as a practical example, the session provided an overview of ongoing efforts to combat the...
16 Nov 2012
Cybersecurity Policy Making at a Turning Point
This report analyses the latest generation of "national cybersecurity strategies" in ten OECD countries and identifies commonalities and differences. The analysis reveals that cybersecurity policy making has become a national policy priority and relies on holistic strategies supported by...
14 Mar 2002
This report summarises the problem recently met by the OECD with regard to the cybersquatting of the ocde.org domain name, and identifies the general policy issues arising from this experience.
08 Feb 2007
Development of Policies for Protection of Critical Information Infrastructures
The 2006 OECD study offers an analysis of the CII security policies in four countries: Canada, Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States - with a focus on the drivers for and challenges to their development.
14 Sep 2004
Development of Third-Generation Mobile Services in the OECD
This paper analyses the development of third-generation mobile services (3G) in OECD countries. A
brief description of the definition of 3G and its migration path is followed by an analysis of the benefits
and shortcomings of 3G services. The paper further examines regulatory issues raised by...
14 Apr 2005
Development of Voice over WiFi by Integrating Mobile Networks
Rapid technological changes are facilitating the convergence between WiFi (short for "Wireless Fidelity") and mobile networks, in particular with 3G networks and resulting in the development of Voice over WiFi (VoWiFi) services.
16 Apr 2003
Development of Wireless Local Area Networks in OECD Countries
Wireless technology provides business executives, office workers, small businesses and residential users with expanded opportunities to connect to the Internet outside the limited area dictated by fixed networks.
23 Mar 2010
Developments in Cable Broadband Networks
The position of cable operators within the pay TV market has changed drastically in recent years.
Although video service remains core to the cable industry’s business model, cable TV’s market share has
been dropping significantly with intense competition from direct broadcast satellite services...
03 Apr 2008
Developments in Fibre Technologies and Investment
This paper provides an overview of developments in optical fibre communication technology and investment. It finds that the costs of deploying these networks are significant and that the monthly prices subscribers will pay will be highly dependent on take-up rates.
02 June 2003
Developments in Local Loop Unbundling
This paper focuses on the development of local loop unbundling in the OECD. It examines policies for unbundling, progress in achieving unbundling, and collocation and pricing policies for unbundling.
28 Feb 2012
Developments in Mobile Termination
Wholesale interconnection rates for mobile telephony service in the OECD area have decreased by 53% from 2006 to 2011. The charges, or mobile termination rates (MTRs), represent the fees that telecommunication network operators (fixed, mobile and VoIP) pay for delivering telephone calls to...
19 May 2006
Digital Broadband Content
The development of digital content raises new issues as rapid technological developments challenge existing business models and government policies.
30 Mar 2006
Digital Broadband Content
Public Sector Information (PSI) is the raw material for applications across a wide range of industries. This study gives an overview of the main areas of PSI and their commercial applications, and addresses issues related to improving access to public sector content.
03 May 2005
Digital Broadband Content
Mobile content is increasingly available over mobile platforms and mobile networks. Most common applications are music and games. This study analyses development of mobile digital content value chains and business models, drivers of mobile content dissemination and identifies policy issues.
22 Apr 2004
Digital Delivery of Business Services
The business services examined in this study include software and information services, R&D and
technical services, advertising and marketing, business consulting, recruitment and human resource
development services. Digital delivery includes contracted out electronically mediated services...
20 Dec 2011
Digital Divide: From Computer Access to Online Activities – A Micro Data Analysis
This study addresses issues of digital divide among households and individuals by using micro-data analysis of ICT usage patterns. The analysis includes data from 18 European countries, Korea and Canada. Inequalities in computer and Internet use are analysed in a two-step approach. First, the...
23 Nov 2011
Digital Identity Management for Natural Persons
This report explains why digital identity management is fundamental for the further development of the Internet economy. It also provides guidance for digital identity strategies that support innovation across the public and private sectors while enhancing security, privacy and trust online.
06 July 1998
Dismantling the Barriers to Global Electronic Commerce, Turku (Finland)
The Conference addressed broad areas through a format that permitted business representatives to identify problems, governments to discuss how they hope to deal with the problem and international organisations to suggest how they can help to implement the solution internationally.
29 Oct 2012
E-books: Developments and Policy Considerations
Books have undergone a massive transformation from a physical object to something entirely different: the electronic book, or "e-book". This report provides background on e-book markets and examines various policy issues related to e-books. These include differing tax rates in countries...
02 June 2009
ENUM: Converging Telephone Numbers and Addresses in Next Generation Networks
The OECD Document "Convergence and Next Generation Networks" analysed developments in
Next Generation Networks (NGN), and the convergence of core and access networks. The aim of that
paper was to review areas where policy changes may be required and to put forward recommendations...
01 Jan 1999
Economic and Social Impact of E-commerce
This book represents one of the first analyses of the role of e-commerce in the broader economy, and addresses such issues as the impact of e-commerce on employment and on society as a whole, as well as its contribution to economic growth and efficiency.
01 Oct 1999
This paper reports initial results from a Secretariat survey of recent unilateral liberalisation and facilitation measures relevant to the growth of Internet-based electronic commerce that have been undertaken by Governments in both OECD and non-OECD member economies.
01 Jan 1998
Rapid technological advances in information and communication technologies and their widespread diffusion have led some to speculate about "frictionless" economies where transaction costs are nearly zero, barriers to entry and contestability disappear and markets clear instantly.
26 July 2013
Electronic and Mobile Commerce
Commerce is a fundamental mechanism supporting economic activity. Technological improvements that facilitate commerce can reduce transaction costs, provide more information to participants, boost access to a wider array of products, lead to efficiency gains, as well as result in welfare...
05 Feb 2013
Empowering and Protecting Consumers in the Internet Economy
This report is part of a series of papers in the follow-up work to the 2008 Seoul Ministerial Declaration for the Future of the Internet Economy. It shows that over the past five years, despite the financial crisis, business-to-consumer e-commerce has grown steadily across the OECD and beyond,...
31 July 2013
Ensuring the Global Participation in the Internet Economy for Development
The OECD Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy (ICCP) has reviewed progress made in the implementation of the 2008 Seoul Declaration for the Future of the Internet Economy as part of its 2011-12 programme of work. The review points policy makers to new issue areas that...