OECD Digital Economy Papers

OECD Declaration on Transborder Data Flows
2071-6826 (online)
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The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) undertakes a wide range of activities to better understand how information and communication technologies (ICTs) contribute to sustainable economic growth and social well-being. The OECD Digital Economy Papers series covers a broad range of ICT-related issues and makes selected studies available to a wider readership. They include policy reports, which are officially declassified by an OECD Committee, and occasional working papers, which are meant to share early knowledge.
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  N° 51   01 Jan 2001 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/les-roles-des-infrastructures-de-telecommunication-et-d-information-dans-le-developpement-du-commerce-electronique_236355582314
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Les rôles des infrastructures de télécommunication et d'information dans le développement du commerce électronique
Les gouvernements et le secteur privé ont assigné un haut degré de priorité au développement du commerce électronique et à la mise en place de cadres appropriés pour faciliter le développement et la diffusion des nouvelles applications de commerce électronique.
  N° 50   01 Jan 2001 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/ict-standardisation-in-the-new-global-context_236372224617
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ICT Standardisation in the New Global Context
The new global information infrastructure will prove effective only if it can guarantee high-speed transmission throughout the network of all kinds of data -- text, images, sound or video -- in a secure manner while preserving its integrity.
  N° 49   01 Jan 2001 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/understanding-the-digital-divide_236405667766
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Understanding the Digital Divide
The term "digital divide" refers to the gap between individuals, households, businesses and geographic areas at different socio-economic levels with regard to their opportunities to access information and communication technologies (ICTs).
  N° 55   06 Feb 2001 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/cross-border-co-operation-in-combatting-cross-border-fraud_233825738082
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Cross-border Co-operation in Combatting Cross-border Fraud
On 22 March 2000 the CCP held a half-day Forum Session intended to explore the challenges and possibilities associated with international co-operation. Using the experience of the United States and Canada as a practical example, the session provided an overview of ongoing efforts to combat the...
  N° 53   07 Feb 2001 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/interconnection-and-local-competition_234147353518
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Interconnection and Local Competition
Significant changes in the structure of the telecommunication market have occurred since the introduction of competition in the sector. Now, companies are competing in all market segments and more importantly, competition is developing between companies, which use different network platforms...
  N° 54   28 Feb 2001 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/inventory-of-consumer-protection-laws-policies-and-practices-applied-to-electronic-commerce_234054742628
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Inventory of Consumer Protection Laws, Policies and Practices Applied to Electronic Commerce
Consumer laws, policies and practices exist to help build consumers’ trust and confidence by protecting them from unfair or deceptive acts or practices and helping to establish a more balanced relationship between sellers and consumers in commercial transactions. Domestic retail markets offer...
  N° 56   29 Oct 2001 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/the-development-of-broadband-access-in-the-oecd-countries_233822327671
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The Development of Broadband Access in the OECD Countries
The development of broadband access to the Internet is gaining increasing prominence. This is occurring in fields that go well beyond communications policy. One reason for this is the role advanced communication capabilities may have played in generating higher growth in productivity rates, as...
  N° 57   21 Dec 2001 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/the-internet-and-business-performance_233751540382
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The Internet and Business Performance
The Internet is providing firms with new ways to conduct business and exchange and communicate information and ideas. In doing so, it is enabling companies to improve efficiency and develop novel ways to co-ordinate activities. Internal firm organisation and relations with employees...
  N° 58   13 Mar 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/internet-traffic-exchange-and-the-development-of-end-to-end-international-telecommunication-competition_233740122451
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Internet Traffic Exchange and the Development of end-to-end International Telecommunication Competition
The avoidance of monopoly rents and the need to ensure the continuity and quality of supply have, historically, been among the key drivers for the creation of new trade routes. In the field of telecommunications, for much of the past century, there has been little scope for achieving either of...
  N° 59   14 Mar 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/cybersquatting_233634324036
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This report summarises the problem recently met by the OECD with regard to the cybersquatting of the ocde.org domain name, and identifies the general policy issues arising from this experience.
  N° 60   20 Mar 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/trends-in-ip-technology-their-impact-on-the-traditional-telephony-carrier_233582040802
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Trends in IP Technology: Their Impact on the Traditional Telephony Carrier
The impact of the Internet Protocol (IP) on telephony is anticipated to replace traditional voice services with integrated voice and IP-based applications. The traditional telephony networks, though technically and economically unsuited to supporting the integrated applications including...
  N° 61   17 May 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/best-practice-examples-under-the-oecd-guidelines-on-consumer-protection-in-the-context-of-electronic-commerce_233574467655
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Best Practice Examples under the OECD Guidelines on Consumer Protection in the Context of Electronic Commerce
This set of best practice examples provides additional practical guidance to governments, businesses and consumers on several aspects of the 1999 Guidelines.
  N° 62   30 May 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/l-echange-de-trafic-internet-et-le-developpement-de-la-concurrence-dans-les-telecommunications-internationales-de-bout-en-bout_233521224451
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L'échange de trafic Internet et le développement de la concurrence dans les télécommunications internationales de bout en bout
S’agissant de l’échange de trafic Internet, le présent rapport conclut que les accords en vigueur créent les incitations propices au développement des marchés haut débit. L’analyse indique que l’échange de trafic Internet donne lieu à la mise en place de différents modèles de gestion. Ainsi, certains opérateurs historiques établissent de...
  N° 63   04 June 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/resolving-e-commerce-disputes-online_233468177136
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Resolving E-commerce Disputes Online
Shopping online opens up a world of opportunity, convenience, choice, competitive prices and information. What will happen if something goes wrong with your purchase? What if you don't get the products you ordered? What can you do?
  N° 64   14 June 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/report-on-consumer-protections-for-payment-cardholders_233364634144
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Report on Consumer Protections for Payment Cardholders
This document reports on a CCP survey of legal and other consumer protections for payment cardholders in OECD Member countries. It also incorporates information gained during the CCP Roundtable on Consumer Protection for Payment Cardholders held in March 2001 in Berlin, Germany. The Roundtable...
  N° 65   17 July 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/legal-provisions-related-to-business-to-consumer-alternative-dispute-resolution-in-relation-to-privacy-and-consumer-protection_233318385765
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Legal Provisions Related to Business-to-Consumer Alternative Dispute Resolution in Relation to Privacy and Consumer Protection
This document addresses the extent to which existing legal provisions in OECD countries impact recourse to alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in relation to disputes arising out of business-to-consumer electronic commerce.
  N° 67   04 Dec 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/access-for-business_233271430048
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Access for Business
With over 50 million subscribers in the OECD, broadband access is key for economic growth and development. This report examines broadband access development for businesses. It focuses on short distance leased lines and new forms of broadband acces.
  N° 68   22 Jan 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/universal-service-obligations-and-broadband_233266421685
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Universal Service Obligations and Broadband
This paper examines the question of whether the scope of universal service should be widened to include broadband. A common concern in OECD countries is that some groups without access to highspeed broadband networks, such as those residing in rural and sparsely populated remote areas, will...
  N° 69   13 Mar 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/review-of-the-development-and-reform-of-the-telecommunications-sector-in-china_233204728762
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Review of the Development and Reform of the Telecommunications Sector in China
The Chinese telecommunications market has experienced double-digit growth in recent years and continues to expand rapidly as demand surges.
  N° 70   08 Apr 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/comparing-domain-name-administration-in-oecd-countries_233185680505
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Comparing Domain Name Administration in OECD Countries
The aim of this paper is to provide comparative information on the administration of domain names across the OECD area.
  N° 71   16 Apr 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/development-of-wireless-local-area-networks-in-oecd-countries_233145088433
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Development of Wireless Local Area Networks in OECD Countries
Wireless technology provides business executives, office workers, small businesses and residential users with expanded opportunities to connect to the Internet outside the limited area dictated by fixed networks.
  N° 72   17 Apr 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/seizing-the-benefits-of-ict-in-a-digital-economy_233143713543
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Seizing the Benefits of ICT in a Digital Economy
Seizing the Benefits of ICT in a Digital Economy revisits ICT's contribution to economic performance using new and more recent data to assess the degree to which the findings that appeared valid at the end of 2000 remain intact. This new report also examines whether the policy conclusions from...
  N° 74   02 June 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/developments-in-local-loop-unbundling_233065827862
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Developments in Local Loop Unbundling
This paper focuses on the development of local loop unbundling in the OECD. It examines policies for unbundling, progress in achieving unbundling, and collocation and pricing policies for unbundling.
  N° 73   02 June 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/consumer-policy-considerations-on-the-importance-of-accurate-and-available-whois-data_233072722141
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Consumer Policy Considerations on the Importance of Accurate and Available WHOIS Data
Drawing on the 1999 OECD Guidelines for Consumer Protection in the Context of Electronic Commerce, this document explains how accurate and available Whois data can contribute to building consumer trust in the online marketplace.
  N° 75   09 Oct 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/broadband-driving-growth_232838768555
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Broadband Driving Growth
The OECD's policy response to the challenge of maximising the benefits of broadband Internet services for economic and social development.
  N° 76   03 Nov 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/the-benefits-and-costs-of-structural-separation-of-the-local-loop_232804472031
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The Benefits and Costs of Structural Separation of the Local Loop
This paper is aimed at responding to arguments that have been made about the necessity and benefits of structural separation of the telecommunications local loop.
  N° 77   07 Nov 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/broadband-and-telephony-services-over-cable-television-networks_232788646665
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Broadband and Telephony Services Over Cable Television Networks
Broadband Internet access is one of the first services where there has been a convergence between communications platforms built for different purposes.
  N° 78   22 Jan 2004 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/background-paper-for-the-oecd-workshop-on-spam_232784860063
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Background Paper for the OECD Workshop on Spam
This background paper has been prepared to provide a broad overview of the issues associated with spam as information for participants at the OECD Workshop on Spam, to be held at the European Commission on 2-3 February 2004.
  N° 79   22 Apr 2004 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/digital-delivery-of-business-services_232751878060
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Digital Delivery of Business Services
The business services examined in this study include software and information services, R&D and technical services, advertising and marketing, business consulting, recruitment and human resource development services. Digital delivery includes contracted out electronically mediated services...
  N° 81   30 Apr 2004 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/report-on-non-oecd-countries-spam-legislation_232723710504
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Report on non-OECD Countries' Spam Legislation
This report on anti-spam legislation in OECD non-member countries was originally prepared for the Brussels OECD Workshop on Spam and was updated following the workshop to include more non-member country information in April 2004.
  N° 80   10 May 2004 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/the-development-of-broadband-access-in-rural-and-remote-areas_232744838147
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The Development of Broadband Access in Rural and Remote Areas
As the development of broadband access builds momentum, policy makers are increasingly turning their attention to the availability of these services in rural and remote areas.
  N° 86   03 June 2004 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/ict-e-business-and-small-and-medium-enterprises_232556551425
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ICT, E-Business and Small and Medium Enterprises
Information and communication technology (ICT) connectivity (PCs and Internet) is very widespread in businesses of all sizes. As is the case with all technologies, small businesses are slower than large ones to adopt new ICTs. Commercial considerations and potential returns are the principal...
  N° 101   30 June 2004 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/biometric-based-technologies_232075642747
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Biometric-based Technologies
This report is intended to provide an understanding of the benefits and limitations of biometric-based technologies. It also includes information on existing privacy and security methodologies for assessing biometrics.
  N° 83   12 July 2004 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/the-implications-of-convergence-for-regulation-of-electronic-communications_232632377163
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The Implications of Convergence for Regulation of Electronic Communications
Digital technologies and the diffusion of new transmission technologies have increased the number of platforms capable of providing video transmission, and have also altered the traditional characteristics of broadcasting.
  N° 82   12 July 2004 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/peer-to-peer-networks-in-oecd-countries_232717003357
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Peer to Peer Networks in OECD Countries
The number of people logged on simultaneously to popular file sharing networks approached close to 10 million in April 2004, a rise of 30% from the same period a year earlier, according to this new OECD report.
  N° 84   13 July 2004 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/generic-top-level-domain-names_232630011251
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Generic Top Level Domain Names
The Domain Name System’s need to have unique identifiers, and a consequent need for there to be a single registry for each name, means that any registry can exercise a degree of monopoly power over the domain for which it has responsibility.
  N° 85   14 Sep 2004 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/development-of-third-generation-mobile-services-in-the-oecd_232562017400
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Development of Third-Generation Mobile Services in the OECD
This paper analyses the development of third-generation mobile services (3G) in OECD countries. A brief description of the definition of 3G and its migration path is followed by an analysis of the benefits and shortcomings of 3G services. The paper further examines regulatory issues raised by...
  N° 87   03 Jan 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/ict-skills-and-employment_232527431276
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ICT Skills and Employment
This report, part of the 2004 OECD IT Outlook, is the first in a series looking at the distribution of ICT skilled employment in the economy, various ways in which ICT skills needs can be satisfied, and the role of ICT-skilled employment in international services sourcing, or offshoring.
  N° 89   18 Jan 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/next-generation-network-development-in-oecd-countries_234212071844
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Next Generation Network Development in OECD Countries
Over the last several years, a number of the major network operators have put in place network upgrade plans to implement next generation networks (NGN).
  N° 102   16 Feb 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/the-promotion-of-a-culture-of-security-for-information-systems-and-networks-in-oecd-countries_232017148827
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The Promotion of a Culture of Security for Information Systems and Networks in OECD Countries
This report is a major information resource on governments’ effective efforts to date to foster a shift in culture as called for in the OECD Guidelines for the Security of Information Systems and Networks: Towards a Culture of Security.
  N° 90   23 Feb 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/regulatory-reform-as-a-tool-for-bridging-the-digital-divide_232862231573
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Regulatory Reform as a Tool for Bridging the Digital Divide
The digital divide touches all regions and economies of the world and threatens to slow progress towards the goal of an all-inclusive information society. Policy makers are faced with the divide’s daunting complexity but have a range of policy tools that have proven effective in expanding...
  N° 91   05 Apr 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/potential-offshoring-of-ict-intensive-using-occupations_232456170367
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Potential Offshoring of ICT-intensive Using Occupations
Services are increasingly tradable, mainly as a result of rapid technological advances, in particular in information and communication technologies, and continuing liberalisation of trade in services. This has led to the relatively new phenomenon of global services sourcing or offshoring. This...
  N° 93   14 Apr 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/development-of-voice-over-wifi-by-integrating-mobile-networks_232404312851
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Development of Voice over WiFi by Integrating Mobile Networks
Rapid technological changes are facilitating the convergence between WiFi (short for "Wireless Fidelity") and mobile networks, in particular with 3G networks and resulting in the development of Voice over WiFi (VoWiFi) services.
  N° 92   19 Apr 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/oecd-workshop-on-consumer-dispute-resolution-and-redress-in-the-global-marketplace_232427700758
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OECD Workshop on Consumer Dispute Resolution and Redress in the Global Marketplace
This report presents an overview of OECD member country frameworks for consumer dispute resolution and redress. Part I focuses on the different mechanisms that have been put in place to respond to the varying nature and characteristics of consumer disputes including: internal complaints...
  N° 95   20 Apr 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/secondary-markets-for-spectrum_232354100386
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Secondary Markets for Spectrum
Many countries are grappling with spectrum reform in a climate of rapid technological change, convergence and relentlessly growing spectrum demand.
  N° 94   20 Apr 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/growth-in-services-fostering-employment-productivity-and-innovation_232370436752
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Growth in Services - Fostering Employment, Productivity and Innovation
The services sector now accounts for over 70% of total employment and value added in OECD economies. It also accounts for almost all employment growth in the OECD area. But despite its growing weight, productivity growth in services has been slow in many OECD countries and the share of the...
  N° 96   22 Apr 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/new-perspectives-on-ict-skills-and-employment_232342747761
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New Perspectives on ICT Skills and Employment
This report provides an overview of ICT skills and employment across OECD economies and analyses some of the impacts on economic performance. It presents a new approach to capturing the diffusion of ICTs in the economy.
  N° 97   03 May 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/digital-broadband-content_232201337160
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Digital Broadband Content
Mobile content is increasingly available over mobile platforms and mobile networks. Most common applications are music and games. This study analyses development of mobile digital content value chains and business models, drivers of mobile content dissemination and identifies policy issues.
  N° 88   04 May 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/ict-e-business-and-smes_232475651473
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ICT, E-Business and SMEs
The main policy directions derived from the analysis are to foster appropriate business environments for e-business and ICT uptake, and target programmes to overcome market failures to the extent that they are needed in particular areas.
  N° 98   12 May 2005 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/science-and-technology/online-computer-and-video-games_232164517856
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Online Computer and Video Games
The computer and video game industry study analyses changing value chains and business models, prospects and challenges for off-line consoles and PCs and online and wireless games.
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