The Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities

1990-0414 (online)
1990-0422 (print)
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This series provides publications containing methodological guidelines for the collection of data on R&D expenditures, patents, R&D human resources and innovation.

Also available in French
Frascati Manual 2002

Frascati Manual 2002

Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development You or your institution have access to this content

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11 Dec 2002
9789264199040 (PDF) ;9789264199033(print)

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The internationally recognized methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling statistics.  This updated edition contains improved guidelines adjusted for changes in OECD economies, including measurement of service-sector R&D, R&D globalisation, and R&D human resources.

Also available in French, Korean, Lithuanian, Polish, Portuguese, All
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Aim and Scope of the Manual
Chapter 2. Basic Definitions and Conventions
Chapter 3. Institutional Classification
Chapter 4. Functional Distribution
Chapter 5. Measurement of R&D Personnel
Chapter 6. Measurement of Expenditures Devoted to R&D
Chapter 7. Survey Methodology and Procedures
Chapter 8. Government Budget Appropriations or Outlays for R&D by Socio-Economic Objectives
Annex 1. Brief History and Origins of the Present Manual
Annex 2. Obtaining Data on R&D in the Higher Education Sector
Annex 3. The Treatment of R&D in the United Nations System of National Accounts
Annex 4. R&D Related to Health, Information and Communications Technology, and Biotechnology
Annex 5. Methods of Deriving Regional R&D Data
Annex 6. Work on S&T Indicators in Other International Organisations
Annex 7. Other Science and Technology Indicators
Annex 8. Practical Methods of Providing Up-to-Date Estimates and Projections of Resources Devoted to R&D
Annex 9. R&D Deflators an Currency Converters
Annex 10. Supplementary Guidance on the Classification of Large R&D Projects with Special Reference to the Defense and Aerospace Industries
Annex 11. Correspondence between the Categories of R&D Personnel by Occupation in the Frascati Manuala nd ISCO-88 Classes
Index by Paragraph Number

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