OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics

ISSN :
2074-4226 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/strd-data-en
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The Science and Technology Database Set comprises two databases: Basic Science and Technology Statistics, covering resources devoted to research and development (R&D) and indicators of the results of science and technology (S&T) activities, such as patents and technology balance of payments; and Main Science and Technology Indicators a timely selection of the most frequently used indicators on the scientific and technological performance of the OECD Member countries: resources devoted to R&D, measures of output and the impact on S&T activities (patents, technology balance of payments, trade in high-technology industries).

Also available in: French
Keywords: patent, science and technology, statistics
 

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    Main Science and Technology Indicators

    Main Science and Technology provides a set of indicators that reflect the level and structure of the efforts undertaken by OECD Member countries and selected non-member economies in the field of Science and Technology from 1981 onwards. Indicators cover resources devoted to research and development (R&D), researchers, patent families, technology balance of payments and international trade in highly R&D-intensive industries.
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    Expand / Collapse Research and Development Statistics

    The Research and Development Statistics Set covers resources devoted to research and development and indicators of the results of science and technology activities, such as patents and technology balance of payments, as well as some of the most frequently used indicators on the scientific and technologi

    • loader image Business enterprise R-D expenditure by industry - ISIC Rev. 4

      Business enterprise R-D expenditure by industry presents research and development (R&D) expenditure statistics performed in the business enterprise sector by industry according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) revision 4.

    • loader image Business enterprise R-D expenditure by industry - ISIC Rev 3

      Business enterprise R-D expenditure by industry presents research and development (R&D) expenditure statistics performed in the business enterprise sector by industry according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) revision 3.1. Data are presented from 1987 onwards. This breakdown between industries is, in principle, made at the enterprise level, although some countries are able to break down R&D data for multi product enterprises between their main lines of business. This dataset comprises statistics on R-D expenditure by industry including agriculture, mining, manufacturing, electricity, construction and services sector

    • loader image Business enterprise R-D expenditure by industry and by source of funds - ISIC Rev 3

      This table comprises business enterprise statistics on R-D expenditure by industry and by source of funds where the research and development (R&D) expenditure statistics performed in the business enterprise sector by industry according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) revision 3.1. and by source of funds (business enterprise, government, other national funds, and funds from abroad). Data are presented from 1987 onwards. This breakdown between industries is, in principle, made at the enterprise level, although some countries are able to break down R&D data for multi product enterprises between their main lines of business. R&D expenditure by industry are covering the manufacturing, agriculture, construction,and other sectors.

    • loader image Business enterprise R-D expenditure by industry and by type of cost - ISIC Rev 3

      Business enterprise R-D expenditure by industry and by type of cost presents research and development (R&D) expenditure statistics performed in the business enterprise sector by industry according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) revision 3.1. and by type of costs (current expenditure,labour costs, capital expenditure). Data are presented from 1987 onwards. This breakdown between industries is, in principle, made at the enterprise level, although some countries are able to break down R&D data for multi product enterprises between their main lines of business. R&D investments are convering industries such as agriculture, manufacturing and services sector.

    • loader image Business enterprise R-D expenditure by size class and by source of funds - ISIC Rev 3

      Business enterprise R-D expenditure by size class and by source of funds comprises statistics on research and development (R&D) expenditure performed in the business enterprise sector. Data include total business enterprise intramural expenditure on R&D by size class and source of funds including funds from abroad, business enterprise, private non-profit, sub-total government. Data are presented from 1998 onwards.

    • loader image Gross domestic expenditure on R-D by sector of performance and field of science

      This table contains research and development (R&D) expenditure statistics on gross domestic R&D expenditure by sector of performance (business enterprise, government, higher education, private non-profit, and total intramural) and by field of science (natural sciences, engineering, medical sciences, agricultural sciences, social sciences, and humanities). Data are covering the years 1981 to 2009.

    • loader image Gross domestic expenditure on R-D by sector of performance and socio-economic objective

      Gross domestic expenditure on R-D by sector of performance and socio-economic objective presents data on gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) by socio-economic objective (SEO), using the NABS 2007 classification i.e.: exploration and exploitation of the earth, environment, exploration and exploitation of space, transport, telecommunication and other infrastructures, energy, Industrial production and technology, health, agriculture, education, culture, recreation, religion and mass media, political and social systems, structures and processes, general advancement of knowledge, and defence. Data are presented from 1981 onwards and measured by units for expenditure such as current prices, constant prices and PPP.

    • loader image Gross domestic expenditure on R-D by sector of performance and source of funds

      Gross domestic expenditure on R-D by sector of performance and source of funds contains research and development (R&D) expenditure statistics. Data include gross domestic R&D expenditure by sector of performance (business enterprise, government, higher education, private non-profit, and total intramural) and by source of funds (business enterprise, government - including public general university funds -, higher education, private non-profit and funds from abroad - including funds from enterprises and other funds from abroad). Data are presented from 1981 onwards.

    • loader image Gross Domestic Expenditure on R-D by sector of performance and type of cost

      Gross Domestic Expenditure on R-D by sector of performance and type of cost presents research and development (R&D) expenditure statistics. Data include gross domestic R&D expenditure by sector of performance (business enterprise, government, higher education, private non-profit, and total intramural) and by type of costs (current expenditures: labour costs, other current costs; and capital expenditures: land and buildings, and instruments and equipment). Data are presented from 1981 onwards.

    • loader image Other national R-D expenditure by field of science and by source of funds

      Other national R-D expenditure by field of science and by source of funds includes statistics on research and development ( R&D) expenditure performed in the higher education and private non-profit sectors by field of science (natural sciences, engineering, medical sciences, agricultural sciences, social sciences, and humanities) and source of funds (direct government, public general university funds, higher education, private non-profit, business enterprise, and funds from abroad). Data are presented from 1981 onwards. Data are expressed in units for expenditure such as current prices, constant prices and in terms million of national currency.

    • loader image Other national R-D expenditure by field of science and by type of cost

      This table comprises statistics on national R-D expenditure by field of science and by type of cost on research and development (R&D) expenditure performed in the higher education and private non-profit sectors by field of science (natural sciences, engineering, medical sciences, agricultural sciences, social sciences, and humanities) and type of costs (current expenditures, capital expenditures). Date are presented from 1981 onwards and are expressed in various units of measure such as million of national currency, million 2000 dollars and million PPP dollars.

    • loader image R-D expenditure by sector of performance and type of R-D

      The R&D expenditure by sector of performance and type of R&D table comprises statistics on current domestic R&D and gross domestic R&D expenditures by sector of performance (business enterprise, government, higher education, private non-profit, and total intramural) and by type of R&D within each sector (basic research, applied research, experimental development, non-specified, and total activity) as well as type of costs incurred (sub-totals current costs, total costs). Data are presented from 1981 onwards and are expressed in terms of units of expenditure such as million nationa currency, million dollars in constant prices as well as million dollars in current prices.

    • loader image Government budget appropriations or outlays for RD

      The Government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D includes statistics on Government appropriations or outlays of R&D by socio-economic objective (SEO), using the NABS 2007 classification i.e: exploration and exploitation of the earth, environment, exploration and exploitation of space, transport, telecommunication and other infrastructures, energy, industrial production and technology, health, agriculture, education, culture, recreation, religion and mass media, political and social systems, structures and processes, general advancement of knowledge: R&D financed from General University Funds (GUF), General advancement of knowledge: R&D financed from sources other than GUF, Defence. Data are presented from 1981 onwards and expressed in units of expenditure in million of national currency, million of dollars in constant prices as well as current prices.

    • loader image Business enterprise R-D personnel by industry

      Business enterprise R-D personnel by industry presents research and development (R&D) statistics on personnel in the business enterprise sector. Measured in full-time equivalent are the number of total R&D personnel and researchers in the business enterprise sector by industry according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) revision 3.1. Data at the industry level are presented starting in 1987 including sectors such as agriculture, mining, manufacturing, electricity,construction and services sector when most of the countries converted from ISIC rev.2 to the current ISIC rev. 3 classification.

    • loader image R-D personnel by sector of employment and field of science

      R-D personnel by sector of employment and field of science presents research and development (R&D) personnel statistics for total R&D personnel by sector of employment and field of science, in full-time equivalent on R&D; Researchers by sex, sector of employment and field of science, in full-time equivalent on R&D; Researchers by sex, sector of employment and field of science, in headcounts. Sectors of employment include business enterprise, government, higher education, private non-profit and total. Breakdown by field of science includes natural sciences, engineering, medical sciences, agricultural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Data are presented from 1981 onwards and are expressed in terms of units for personnel with full-time equivalent on R&D activities as well as headcounts.

    • loader image R-D personnel by sector of employment and occupation

      R-D personnel by sector of employment and occupation contain research and development (RD) personnel statistics. Number of R&D personnel is provided in both headcounts and full-time equivalent on RD by sex, sector of employment (business enterprise, government, higher education, and private non-profit) and by occupation (researchers, technicians and other support staff). Data are presented from 1981 onwards.

    • loader image R-D personnel by sector of employment and qualification

      This table presents research and development (R&D) personnel statistics. Number of R&D personnel is provided in headcounts and/or full-time equivalent on R&D by sex, sector of employment (business enterprise, government, higher education, and private non-profit) and by formal qualification (university and other diplomas by ISCED classification).Data are presented from 1981 onwards.

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    Expand / Collapse OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook

    The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook presents, in a series of country profiles, the main features, strengths and weaknesses of national STI systems and major recent changes in national STI policy. The statistical dimension of the country profiles has drawn on the work and empirical research conducted by the OECD on the measurement of innovation and the development of internationally comparable STI indicators for policy analysis.

    • loader image Comparative performance of national science and innovation systems

      The performance of a country’s national innovation systems as compared to all OECD countries is represented in Panel 1 of the country profiles of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012. A standard set of indicators is used to:
      i) describe the competences and capacity of the science base and the business sector to innovate, as well as the framework conditions for entrepreneurship;
      ii) provide some insights on interactions between STI actors via the deployment and use of the Internet and their participation in domestic and international co-operation networks; and
      iii) depict the status of the human resources pool and prospects for increasing human capital further through inflows of new science and technology talent.
      Indicators are normalised (by GDP or population) to take account of the size of the country.

    • loader image Structural composition of BERD

      The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook presents, in a series of country profiles, the main features, strengths and weaknesses of national STI systems and major recent changes in national STI policy. The statistical dimension of the country profiles has drawn on the work and empirical research conducted by the OECD on the measurement of innovation and the development of internationally comparable STI indicators for policy analysis.

    • loader image Overview of national innovation policy mix

      The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook presents, in a series of country profiles, the main features, strengths and weaknesses of national STI systems and major recent changes in national STI policy. The statistical dimension of the country profiles has drawn on the work and empirical research conducted by the OECD on the measurement of innovation and the development of internationally comparable STI indicators for policy analysis.

    • loader image Key figures

      The table of key figures provides an overview of a country’s economic and environmental performance, the size of its national research system and the relative importance of the government’s commitment to R&D through public funding. It also shows how these indicators have changed from 2005 to 2010. When data are not available for these years, the nearest years are used. Growth rates are compound annual growth rates expressed in percentage.

    • loader image Revealed technology advantage in selected fields

      The revealed technology advantage (RTA) index provides an indication of the relative specialisation of a given country in selected technological domains and is based on patent applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty. It is defined as a country’s share of patents in a particular technology field divided by the country’s share in all patent fields. The index is equal to zero when the country holds no patent in a given sector; is equal to 1 when the country’s share in the sector equals its share in all fields (no specialisation); and above 1 when a positive specialisation is observed. Only economies with more than 500 patents over the period reviewed are included. Data are drawn from the OECD Patent Database.

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