Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific

2412-1045 (online)
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The ESCAP Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific is published every other year. It provides a regional perspective on development issues in Asia and the Pacific. It covers a wide range of topics on population, education, health, poverty and inequalities, gender, economy, environment and connectivity.
Statistical yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2013

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31 Dec 2013
9789210563154 (PDF)

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This publication presents data for the 58 ESCAP member countries, as well as world, regional, sub-regional and economic aggregates for comparison. It offers current trends and emerging topics in the Asia-Pacific region, grouped around the themes of people, the environment, the economy and connectivity. It provides the international and regional community with key indicators, objective analyses of the current trends and emerging issues, along with data and charts. In order to maximize the comparability, the data is sourced exclusively from international agencies that adhere to the official global statistical standards.
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  • Foreword
    I am pleased to present the Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2013, a reference of key facts on current and emerging trends of economic, social and environmental development in Asia and the Pacific.
  • Team for the preparation of the Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2013
    The primary responsibility for the producing the Statistical Yearbook lies with the ESCAP Statistics Division, under the guidance of Haishan Fu, Director, Statistics Division. The team for the production of this Yearbook includes
  • Acknowledgements
    We would like to thank the following individuals who contributed, and the agencies or offices who supported then in making a contributions, to the analysis of development trends and emerging issues contained in the Yearbook (in alphabetical order by organization)
  • Did you know?
    The proportion of people in Asia and the Pacific within the most economically active age band is increasing. In 2012, nearly 70 per cent or 2.9 billion people in the region were aged between 15 and 64 years.
  • List of abbreviations
  • Demographic trends
    Many countries in the Asian and Pacific region are in the middle or advanced stages of a demographic transition from high fertility and high mortality levels to low fertility and low mortality levels. As a result, the age structure is changing. Younger people in economically productive age ranges and older people are forming larger shares of the population. Thus, the demographic transition is both an opportunity and looming challenge for countries in the region.
  • Health
    The well-being of children in the Asian and Pacific region has improved. Child and infant mortality rates have decreased, and there has been a noticeable improvement in immunization coverage. However, there has been slower progress in reducing the neonatal mortality rate, underweight prevalence among children under 5 years of age, and the absolute number of children suffering from being underweight.
  • Education and knowledge
    Education is not only a fundamental right but also one of the most basic ways people can achieve well-being. It increases lifetime earnings, as well as how much a person can engage with and contribute to society. Bettereducated individuals tend to be healthier and to live longer. A workforce with the right skills is critical to the success of an economy. Investing in education brings individuals and societies enormous benefits socially, environmentally and economically. To realize these benefits, children and adolescents must have access to education, starting with preprimary education.
  • Poverty and insecurity
    The Asian and Pacific region still has the largest absolute number of people living in extreme poverty of all global regions – in 2011, there were 743 million people living in extreme poverty in developing countries in Asia and the Pacific. However, there are substantial variations between subregions and countries in terms of the proportion of people living in extreme poverty. Despite a steady decline in extreme poverty over the past two decades, many countries have been experiencing a greater level of income inequality, which constrains domestic markets and threatens shared prosperity. Poverty and inequality are the primary focus for the global development agenda and will remain a focus for the development agenda beyond 2015.
  • Women’s empowerment
    The concept of women’s empowerment broadly refers to a process that increases women’s “options, choices, control and power” through women’s own agency. Women’s empowerment is recognized as a right in itself as well as a transformative tool with a multiplier effect for achieving progress in all other areas of social and economic development. It is well established that women’s empowerment plays a pivotal role in attaining gender equality, poverty reduction and other internationally agreed development goals.
  • Environment
    Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are continuing to rise globally and in the region. GHGs come in a number of different forms and from multiple sources. Fossil fuel use is responsible for most global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, and a large part of global anthropogenic GHG emissions overall. Other GHGs – such as methane (CH4) – that also have significant potential to contribute to the overall challenges associated with climate change are mainly associated with agricultural activities and related land use changes. With average global CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere nearing 400 parts per million (ppm) and increasing by 2 ppm per year, urgent action is required to reverse the dangerous trend of rising GHG emissions of all types and sources.
  • Economy
    After the onset of the global financial crisis of 2008/09, a rapid recovery was seen in the Asian and Pacific region in 2010, but this recovery decelerated in 2011 because the global economy had entered a second phase of the crisis, as major developed economies of the globe pulled back on spending due to public debt concerns coming to the fore coupled with poor growth records. The region’s growth was thus curtailed as it had to contend with constrained demand for its exports from major markets in developed economies. Growth in Asia and the Pacific was further impacted by the return of high food and energy prices, as well as the effects of a host of natural disasters.
  • Connectivity
    The development of information and communications technology (ICT) in the Asian and Pacific region continues at a high rate, catching most developed regions of the world. Today, more than half of the mobilecellular subscriptions in the world are located in the region. The ubiquity of mobile telephones and affordable communications contributes to the empowerment of previously marginalized and poor people through an increase in people-to-people connectivity and a facilitated exchange of knowledge. However, even though more people are now online, thanks to the rapid uptake in mobilebroadband technology, large disparities in terms of ICT access and use continue to exist in the region.
  • Explanatory notes and statistical methods
    The methods of compiling data and metadata for this Yearbook, and of calculating the indicators and data aggregates, are described in the following sections.
  • List of online data sources
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