State of World Population

1564-8567 (online)
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The State of World Population is an annual report published by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Each edition covers and analyses developments and trends in world population and demographics, as well as shedding a light on specific regions, countries and population groups and the unique challenges they face.

Also available in Spanish, Chinese, French, Arabic, Russian
State of World Population 2005

State of World Population 2005

The Promise of Equality - Gender Equity, Reproductive Health and the Millennium Development Goals You or your institution have access to this content

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21 Oct 2005
9789210603942 (PDF)

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This year’s report explores the degree to which the global community has fulfilled pledges made to the world’s most impoverished and marginalized peoples. It tracks progress, exposes shortfalls and examines the links between poverty, gender equality, human rights, reproductive health, conflict and violence against women and girls. It also examines the relationship between gender discrimination and the scourge of HIV/AIDS. It identifies the vulnerabilities and strengths of history’s largest cohort of young people and highlights the critical role they play in development.

Also available in French, Spanish
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  • Overview

    The world has an unprecedented opportunity to realize the promise of equality and freedom from want. During the next decade, hundreds of millions of people can be released from the stronghold of poverty. The lives of 30 million children and 2 million mothers can be spared. The spread of AIDS can be reversed. Millions of young people can play a larger role in their countries’ development and, in turn, create a better world for themselves and generations to come.

  • Strategic investments: The equality dividend

    Just ten years remain to reduce extreme poverty by half and to meet the 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs are closely interlinked—reaching them will depend on the combined, considered efforts of governments, civil society and the international community to mobilize around highly strategic approaches. The consensus and evidence are clear: Investing in gender equality offers invaluable opportunities and substantial returns for reducing poverty.

  • The promise of human rights

    One of the major achievements of the 20th Century was the development of a rich body of international law affirming the equal rights of all human beings. Building on the foundation of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, numerous conventions, protocols and agreements have affirmed and expanded its principles. But despite the many agreements embraced and treaties ratified, the reality is that in the early 21st century, women and other neglected groups, especially those whose lives are circumscribed by poverty and discrimination, are not able to exercise their fundamental human rights. The next major challenge is fulfilling the promise of human rights.

  • Reproductive health: A measure of equity
  • The unmapped journey: Adolescents, poverty and gender

    Today’s generation of young people is the largest in human history. Nearly half the world’s population— more than 3 billion people—are under the age of 25. Eighty-five per cent of youth live in developing countries. Many of them are coming of age in the grip of poverty and facing the peril of HIV and AIDS. Nearly 45 per cent of all youth—515 million— survive on less than $2 a day.

  • Partnering with boys and men

    In the past, development efforts have tended to focus on either men or women, but rarely on both. For decades, development assistance often took the form of providing technologies, loans and training to men. Starting in the early 1970s, analysts pointed out the need to pay more attention to women as agents of development. The initial effect was to direct more resources to women and, later, focus attention more broadly on gender dynamics and inequalities. The movement for gender equality itself has undergone a similar shift over time, from an early emphasis on women alone to the recognition of the need to engage men in the process.

  • Gender-based violence: A price too high

    Gender-based violence is perhaps the most widespread and socially tolerated of human rights violations. The cost to women, their children, families and communities is a significant obstacle to reducing poverty, achieving gender equality and meeting the other Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Violence is a traumatic experience for any man or woman, but gender-based violence is preponderantly inflicted by men on women and girls. It both reflects and reinforces inequities between men and women and compromises the health, dignity, security and autonomy of its victims.

  • Women and young people in humanitarian crises

    Since the 2000 UN Millennium Summit, conflict has erupted in 40 countries. In 2004, a single natural disaster—the tsunami in East Asia— killed more than 280,000 people and displaced more than one million. In the wake of war or disaster, educational and health systems collapse, gender-based violence increases, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections spread, and infant and maternal mortality rates often skyrocket.

  • Road map to the Millennium Development Goals and beyond

    The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) can only be achieved by putting gender equality and reproductive health at the forefront of political and budgetary agendas. Power imbalances and inequities—between rich and poor, men and women, young and old, mainstream society and marginalized groups—squander human capital and limit opportunities to overcome poverty. Women and young people represent a tremendous reservoir of human potential, but they lack power and they lack voice.

  • Notes and indicators
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